Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Provides broad range of topics in all areas of experimental psychology. The journal publishes theory and review articles, reports on experimental work, and coverage of methods in all areas.

Articles from Vol. 16, No. 6, December

Action Goals Influence Action-Specific Perception
We examined the processes that mediate the emergence of action-specific influences on perception that have recently been reported for baseball batting and golf putting (Witt, Linkenauger, Bakdash, & Proffitt, 2008; Witt & Proffitt, 2005). To...
A Diffusion Model Decomposition of the Practice Effect
When people repeatedly perform the same cognitive task, their mean response times (RTs) invariably decrease. The mathematical function that best describes this decrease has been the subject of intense debate. Here, we seek a deeper understanding of the...
Agency Attribution and Visuospatial Perspective Taking
We tested whether processes that evoke agency interpretations and mental state attributions also lead to adoption of the actor's visuospatial perspective by the observer. Agency and mental state interpretations were manipulated by showing different film...
Are People Really More Patient Than Other Animals? Evidence from Human Discounting of Real Liquid Rewards
In previous studies, researchers have found that humans discount delayed rewards orders of magnitude less steeply than do other animals. Humans also discount smaller delayed reward amounts more steeply than larger amounts, whereas animals apparently...
A Rule-Based Presentation Order Facilitates Category Learning
We investigated the mechanisms by which concepts are learned from examples by manipulating the presentation order in which the examples were presented to subjects. We introduce the idea of a rule-based presentation order, which is a sequence that respects...
Can Déjà Vu Result from Similarity to a Prior Experience? Support for the Similarity Hypothesis of Déjà Vu
The strange feeling of having been somewhere or done something before-even though there is evidence to the contrary-is called déjà vu. Although déjà vu is beginning to receive attention among scientists (Brown, 2003, 2004), few studies have empirically...
Causal Learning about Tolerance and Sensitization
We introduce two abstract, causal schemata used during causal learning. (1) Tolerance is when an effect diminishes over time, as an entity is repeatedly exposed to the cause (e.g., a person becoming tolerant to caffeine). (2) Sensitization is when an...
Cognition and Native-Language Grammar: The Organizational Role of Adjective-Noun Word Order in Information Representation
In the present research, we investigated the influence of native-language adjective-noun word order on category accessibility for nouns and adjectives by comparing Portuguese speakers (in whose language nouns precede adjectives) with English speakers...
Effects of State Anxiety on Performance Using a Task-Switching Paradigm: An Investigation of Attentional Control Theory
Low- and high-anxious participants performed arithmetical tasks under task-switching or nontask-switching conditions. These tasks were low or high in complexity. The task on each trial was either explicitly cued or not cued. We assumed that demands on...
Influence of Mapping Complexity on Negative Priming for Incompatible Spatial Mappings
For tasks with an incompatible stimulus-response mapping, whether the compatible response must be inhibited is an ongoing issue. Read and Proctor (2004) tested this inhibition hypothesis, using a negative priming paradigm for four-choice tasks with three...
Long-Term Associative Memory Capacity in Man
Long-term episodic memory depends on the retention of associative information, such as the relationship between a friend's face and his name, a home and its neighborhood, and a mint and its odor. How many of these associative links can be stored and...
Mutual Eye Gaze Facilitates Person Categorization for Typically Developing Children, but Not for Children with Autism
Previous investigations of gaze processing in autism have demonstrated a pattern of intact and impaired performance. Although individuals with autism are capable of discriminating another's gaze, they fail to interpret gaze direction, especially within...
Priming the Holiday Spirit: Persistent Activation Due to Extraexperimental Experiences
The concept of activation is a critical component of many models of cognition. A key characteristic of activation is that recent experience with a concept or stimulus increases the accessibility of the corresponding representation. The extent to which...
Stimulus Set Size and Statistical Coverage of the Grammar in Artificial Grammar Learning
Adults and children acquire knowledge of the structure of their environment on the basis of repeated exposure to samples of structured stimuli. In the study of inductive learning, a straightforward issue is how much sample information is needed to learn...
Stroop and Picture-Word Interference Are Two Sides of the Same Coin
This article presents a cognitive model that reconciles a surprising observation in the picture-word interference (PWI) paradigm with the general notion that PWI is a form of Stroop interference. Dell'Acqua, Job, Peressotti, and Pascali (2007) assessed...
Target-Distractor Interference in the Attentional Blink Implicates the Locus Coeruleus-Norepinephrine System
We provide evidence that the locus coeruleus-norephinephrine (LC-NE) system is the neurophysiological basis of the attentional blink. The attentional blink refers to decreased accuracy for reporting the second of two targets in a rapid serial visual...
The Overconstraint of Response Time Models: Rethinking the Scaling Problem
Theories of choice response time (RT) provide insight into the psychological underpinnings of simple decisions. Evidence accumulation (or sequential sampling) models are the most successful theories of choice RT. These models all have the same "scaling"...
Why Does the Base Rate Appear to Be Ignored? the Equiprobability Hypothesis
The base rate fallacy has been considered to result from people's tendency to ignore the base rates given in tasks. In the present article, we note a particular, common structure of the tasks (the imbalanced probability structure) in which the fallacy...