Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Provides broad range of topics in all areas of experimental psychology. The journal publishes theory and review articles, reports on experimental work, and coverage of methods in all areas.

Articles from Vol. 12, No. 3, June

Bidirectional Semantic Priming in the Attentional Blink
The time course of semantic priming between two associated words was tracked using rapid serial visual presentation of two synchronized streams of stimuli appearing at about 20 items/sec, each stream including a target word. The two words were semantically...
Comparison of Basic Assumptions Embedded in Learning Models for Experience-Based Decision Making
The present study examined basic assumptions embedded in learning models for predicting behavior in decisions based on experience. In such decisions, the probabilities and payoffs are initially unknown and are learned from repeated choice with payoff...
Disruptions of Preparatory Attention Contribute to Failures of Prospective Memory
In two experiments, we examine the efficacy of preparatory attentional processes and intention superiority as explanations of the finding that response time (RT) for prospective memory (PM) cue misses is often faster than that for ongoing activity trials...
Does the Compatibility Effect in the Race Implicit Association Test Reflect Familiarity or Affect?
In the Implicit Association Test (IAT; Greenwald, McGhee, & Schwartz, 1998) involving race classification (white vs. black), an apparent compatibility effect is found between the "pleasant" attribute and the "white" category. This race IAT effect...
Gender Bias in Fame Judgments: Implicit Gender Stereotyping or Matching Study Phase Fame?
Familiarized names are falsely judged famous more often than nonfamiliarized names. Banaji and Greenwald (1995) demonstrated a gender bias in this false fame effect, with the effect being larger for male than for female names. This effect was interpreted...
High-Capacity Spatial Contextual Memory
Humans show implicit memory for complex spatial layouts, which aids in subsequent processing of these layouts. Research efforts in the past 5 years have focused primarily on a single session of training involving a dozen repeated displays. Yet every...
Imitation of a Two-Action Sequence by Pigeons
Developmental psychologists have described imitation as a process that suggests perspective-taking abilities. However, imitative behavior has been found in animals, which are generally not considered capable of taking the perspective of another. Previous...
Influence of Visually Induced Expectation on Perceived Motor Effort: A Visual-Proprioceptive Interaction at the Santa Cruz Mystery Spot
It is known that dense objects seem heavier than larger, less dense objects of the same weight. We have investigated a related illusion, in which visual context biases the apparent weight of a single object. The apparatus is a cabin on a steep hillside...
Inhibition of Object Identity in Inhibition of Return: Implications for Encoding and Retrieving Inhibitory Processes
Inhibition of return (IOR) effects, in which participants detect a target in a cued box more slowly than one in an uncued box, suggest that behavior is aided by inhibition of recently attended irrelevant locations. To investigate the controversial question...
Intentional Forgetting Benefits from Thought Substitution
This study provides both experimental and correlational evidence that forgetting in the think/no-think paradigm (Anderson & Green, 2001) is sensitive to the substitution of thoughts about new events for thoughts that are to be suppressed. All the...
Linking Inhibition to Activation in the Control of Task Sequences
Inhibition of abandoned tasks in task switching can be inferred when a worse performance is found with n - 2 task repetitions (ABA sequences) than with nonrepetitions (CBA sequences). Recent evidence has shown that this inhibition effect decreases with...
Localization Judgments under Various Levels of Attention
We investigated the effects of attention on localization with two converging manipulations of attention. The results indicated that whereas attention improved localization, minimally attended stimuli were nonetheless localized fairly accurately. The...
Location Specificity in Response Selection Processes for Visual Stimuli
We used the psychological refractory period paradigm, in which participants respond to two successive tasks (T1 and T2). We created in T2 spatial and color Simon effects, known to be caused by response selection processes. Previous studies in which the...
Looking at the Rope When Looking for the Snake: Conceptually Mediated Eye Movements during Spoken-Word Recognition
Participants' eye movements to four objects displayed on a computer screen were monitored as the participants clicked on the object named in a spoken instruction. The display contained pictures of the referent (e.g., a snake), a competitor that shared...
Provenance of Correlations in Psychological Data
Two distinct families of statistical processes are considered in the production of psychophysical time series data (Gilden, 1997, 2001; Gilden, Thornton, & Mallon, 1995). We inquire whether the spectral signatures of the underlying dynamics are better...
Repairing Inappropriately Specified Utterances: Revision or Restart?
In two experiments, we investigated repair of inappropriately specified utterances (e.g., blue square instead of dark blue square) to determine whether speakers can simply revise a speech plan or must begin anew. In Experiment 1, speakers produced a...
Repetition Priming in Task Switching: Do the Benefits Dissipate?
In task-switching research, one process that has been implicated as a possible source of switch cost is repetition priming. In four experiments, an examination was made of the claim that repetition priming dissipates over the interval between trials...
Retrieval-Induced Forgetting in Implicit Memory Tests: The Role of Test Awareness
Retrieval practice with particular items in memory may result in decreased recall of different, semantically related, items. This retrieval-induced forgetting effect has been demonstrated in studies using explicit memory tests. Anderson and Spellman...
Risks of Drawing Inferences about Cognitive Processes from Model Fits to Individual versus Average Performance
With the goal of drawing inferences about underlying processes from fits of theoretical models to cognitive data, we examined the tradeoff of risks of depending on model fits to individual performance versus risks of depending on fits to averaged data...
Short-Term Recall of Order Information: Influence of Encoding and Generation Processes on Distinctiveness, Isolation, and Background Effects
We examined the influence of encoding and generation processes on distinctiveness, isolation, and background effects in short-term recall of order information. Adults recalled the order of letters in one of two segments following a distractor task, knowing...
Situation Models, Propositions, and the Fan Effect
According to theories of language comprehension, people can construct multiple levels of representation: the surface form, the propositional text base, and the situation model. In this study, I looked at how the referential nature of memory probes affects...
Stimulus-Driven Attentional Capture by Equiluminant Color Change
The aim of this research was to investigate the mechanisms underlying stimulus-driven attentional capture by feature changes in basic dimensions, and we chose color for the present investigation. In Experiment 1, participants searched for a target letter...
The Advantage of Simple Symbols for Learning and Transfer
A goal of successful learning is the transfer of learned knowledge to novel situations. However, spontaneous transfer is notoriously difficult to achieve. In this research, we argue that learning and transfer can be facilitated when knowledge is expressed...
The Influence of Parafoveal Word Length and Contextual Constraint on Fixation Durations and Word Skipping in Reading
The present study examined the relationship between the predictability of words within a sentence and the availability of parafoveal word length information, on when and where the eyes move in reading. Predictability influenced first-pass reading times...