Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Provides broad range of topics in all areas of experimental psychology. The journal publishes theory and review articles, reports on experimental work, and coverage of methods in all areas.

Articles from Vol. 17, No. 5, October

Coordinating Spatial Referencing Using Shared Gaze
To better understand the problem of referencing a location in space under time pressure, we had two remotely located partners (A, B) attempt to locate and reach consensus on a sniper target, which appeared randomly in the windows of buildings in a pseudorealistic...
Evaluating the Random Representation Assumption of Lexical Semantics in Cognitive Models
A common assumption implicit in cognitive models is that lexical semantics can be approximated by using randomly generated representations to stand in for word meaning. However, the use of random representations contains the hidden assumption that semantic...
Eye-Response Lags during a Continuous Monitoring Task
We measured the temporal relationship between eye movements and manual responses while experts and novices watched a videotaped football match. Observers used a joystick to continuously indicate the likelihood of an imminent goal. We measured correlations...
Featural Selective Attention, Exemplar Representation, and the Inverse Base-Rate Effect
Selective attention plays a central role in theories of category learning and representation. In exemplar theory, selective attention has typically been formalized as operating uniformly across entire stimulus dimensions. Selective featural attention...
Features, as Well as Space and Time, Guide Object Persistence
What role do surface features (e.g., color) play in the establishment and maintenance of episodic representations of objects (object files)? Mitroff and Alvarez (2007) showed that stimuli that were linked by a continuous spatiotemporal history yielded...
Form and Meaning in Early Morphological Processing: Comment on Feldman, O'Connor, and Moscoso del Prado Martín (2009)
Feldman, O'Connor, and Moscoso del Prado Martín (2009) reported evidence for differential priming of semantically transparent (talker-TALK) and semantically opaque (corner-CORN) morphological pairs under masked presentation conditions. The present commentary...
Improving Visual Short-Term Memory by Sequencing the Stimulus Array
When multiple objects are presented briefly and simultaneously in a visual array, visual short-term memory (VSTM) can maintain only a limited number of these items. The present research report reveals that splitting the to-be-remembered items into two...
Making Strides in Modeling Individual Differences: Reply to Leite, Ratcliff, and White (2007)
Leite, Ratcliff, and White (2007) claimed that the diffusion model (Ratcliff, 1978) could simulate the molar patterns in response times (RTs) from the multiple tasks observed by Chen, Hale, and Myerson (2007). We present our own simulations to clarify...
Now You See It . . . and Now Again: Semantic Interference Reflects Lexical Competition in Speech Production with and without Articulation
Semantic interference effects in the picture-word interference (PWI) paradigm have long been assumed to reflect competitive mechanisms during lexical selection, a core component of the speech production system. However, recent observations of facilitative...
Object Substitution Masking and the Object Updating Hypothesis
The object updating hypothesis of object substitution masking proposes that the phenomenon arises when the visual system fails to individuate target and mask at the level of object token representations. This hypothesis is tested in two experiments using...
Perceptual Integrality of Componential and Configural Information in Faces
The relative contribution of componential and configural information to face perception is controversial. We addressed this issue in the present study by examining how componential information and configural information interact during face processing,...
Prospects Behind Bars: Analyzing Decisions under Risk in a Prison Population
Criminal activity often involves considerable risks. It is therefore not surprising that criminals have been speculated to differ from noncriminals in risk attitude. Yet, few data exist to support this assumption. Moreover, the psychological underpinnings...
Quantity, Not Quality: The Relationship between Fluid Intelligence and Working Memory Capacity
A key motivation for understanding capacity in working memory (WM) is its relationship with fluid intelligence. Recent evidence has suggested a two-factor model that distinguishes between the number of representations that can be maintained in WM and...
Representing Serial Action and Perception
This article presents a review on the representational base of sequence learning in the serial reaction time task. The first part of the article addresses the major questions and challenges that underlie the debate on implicit and explicit learning....
Retrieval-Induced Forgetting in Young Children
A prominent theory of cognitive development attributes the poor performance that children show in many cognitive tasks to a general lack of inhibitory control. We tested this theory by examining children's inhibitory capabilities in retrieval-induced...
Sequence Effects in Estimating Spatial Location
Three experiments provide evidence for a primacy effect in judgments of spatial location. Participants viewed and immediately estimated a series of spatial locations that were serially ordered from left to right or from right to left. In a subsequent...
Stop What You Are Not Doing! Emotional Pictures Interfere with the Task Not to Respond
Previous research has shown that emotional stimuli interfere with ongoing activities. One explanation is that these stimuli draw attention away from the primary task and thereby hamper the correct execution of the task. Another explanation is that emotional...
Subjective Randomness and Natural Scene Statistics
Accounts of subjective randomness suggest that people consider a stimulus random when they cannot detect any regularities characterizing the structure of that stimulus. We explored the possibility that the regularities people detect are shaped by the...
Subtle Linguistic Cues Influence Perceived Blame and Financial Liability
When bad things happen, how do we decide who is to blame and how much they should be punished? In the present studies, we examined whether subtly different linguistic descriptions of accidents influence how much people blame and punish those involved....
The Influence of Working Memory Load on the Simon Effect
The contribution of spatial and verbal working memory (WM) to the processing of stimulus location in the Simon task was examined in two experiments. Subjects performed the Simon task in single- and dual-task conditions. In the dual-task conditions, individuals...
The Surface Structure and the Deep Structure of Sequential Control: What Can We Learn from Task Span Switch Costs?
A large component of response time switch costs in the cued task-switching paradigm is linked to cue changes without task changes, suggesting costs might reflect passive priming rather than endogenous control. In contrast, the task span procedure requires...
Word Category Conversion Causes Processing Costs: Evidence from Adjectival Passives
Constructing syntactic representations in language comprehension begins with the identification of word categories. Whether the category information is stored in the mental lexicon is a matter of debate in current linguistic theorizing. The standard...