Memory & Cognition

A journal that covers human memory and learning, conceptual processes, and problem solving in a scholarly forum.

Articles from Vol. 38, No. 1, January

Conjunction Errors and Semantic Transparency
Memory conjunction errors occur when aspects of two different events are falsely recognized or recalled as having occurred as parts of the same event. One theoretical account of conjunction errors is rooted in traditional dual-process models of recognition...
Contextual Memory and Skill Transfer in Category Search
In three experiments, we examined transfer and contextual memory in a category search task. Each experiment included two phases (training and test), during which participants searched through category and exemplar menus for targets. In Experiment 1,...
Distinctiveness in Serial Memory for Spatial Information
Several studies have shown that recall performance depends on the extent to which an item differs from other items in a sequence (the distinctiveness effect; see, e.g., Kelley & Nairne, 2001). Distinctiveness effects, however, have been demonstrated...
Facing the Future: Memory as an Evolved System for Planning Future Acts
All organisms capable of long-term memory are necessarily oriented toward the future. We propose that one of the most important adaptive functions of long-term episodic memory is to store information about the past in the service of planning for the...
How Does Repetition Affect Memory? Evidence from Judgments of Recency
Four experiments were done to investigate the effects of repetition on judgment of recency (JOR). Experiment 1 showed that repetition can make an item seem either more recent or less recent than a nonrepeated item, depending on presentation spacing....
Is Expanding Retrieval a Superior Method for Learning Text Materials?
Expanding retrieval practice refers to the idea that gradually increasing the spacing interval between repeated tests ought to promote optimal long-term retention. Belief in the superiority of this technique is widespread, but empirical support is scarce....
Long-Term Conceptual Implicit Memory: A Decade of Evidence
Demonstrations of long-term implicit memory are numerous, but to date they have been reported in what might be thought of as perceptually driven tasks. In the present experiment, a low-frequency U.S. state name was presented verbally to participants...
On the Origin of the "Cumulative Semantic Inhibition" Effect
We investigated whether the cumulative semantic inhibition effect found by Howard, Nickels, Coltheart, and Cole-Virtue (2006) provides information about semantic representations. By applying more sensitive statistical analyses to the original data set,...
Picturing Survival Memories: Enhanced Memory after Fitness-Relevant Processing Occurs for Verbal and Visual Stimuli
Recent studies have shown that processing words according to a survival scenario leads to superior retention relative to control conditions. Here, we examined whether a survival recall advantage could be elicited by using pictures. Furthermore, in Experiment...
Positional Cues in Serial Learning: The Spin-List Technique
To test the hypothesis that serial learning depends largely on the encoding and retrieval of position-to-item associations, we examined whether people can learn spin lists on which starting position is randomly varied across successive learning trials....
Separating Past and Future Autobiographical Events in Memory: Evidence for a Reality Monitoring Asymmetry
After thinking about the past and imagining the future, how do people separate these real and imagined events in memory? We had subjects engage in past and future autobiographical elaboration, then later take memory tests that required them to recollect...
Valence Modulates Source Memory for Faces
Previous studies in which the effects of emotional valence on old-new discrimination and source memory have been examined have yielded highly inconsistent results. Here, we present two experiments showing that old-new face discrimination was not affected...