Memory & Cognition

A journal that covers human memory and learning, conceptual processes, and problem solving in a scholarly forum.

Articles from Vol. 38, No. 5, July

Dynamic Melody Recognition: Distinctiveness and the Role of Musical Expertise
The hypothesis that melodies are recognized at moments when they exhibit a distinctive musical pattern was tested. In a melody recognition experiment, point-of-recognition (POR) data were gathered from 32 listeners (16 musicians and 16 nonmusicians)...
Evidence for an Implicit Influence of Memory on Future Thinking
The capacity to think about specific events that one might encounter in the future-episodic future thought- involves the flexible (re)organization of memory. The present study demonstrates that implicit processes play an important role here. In two experiments...
Evidence for Similar Principles in Episodic and Semantic Memory: The Presidential Serial Position Function
When people recall a list of items that they have just experienced (an episodic memory task), the resulting serial position function looks strikingly similar to that observed when people are asked to recall the presidents of the United States (a semantic...
High Working Memory Capacity Attenuates the Deviation Effect but Not the Changing-State Effect: Further Support for the Duplex-Mechanism Account of Auditory Distraction
Serial short-term memory is impaired by background sound, at least when a sound element suddenly deviates from an otherwise repetitive sequence (the deviation effect) and when each sound element in the sequence differs from the preceding one (the changing-state...
Lateralization of Spatial Categories: A Comparison of Verbal and Visuospatial Categorical Relations
Many reports show that spatial relations between and within objects show differences in hemispheric lateralization. Coordinate, metric relations concerning distances are processed with a right-hemisphere advantage, whereas a left-hemisphere advantage...
Positive and Negative Remember Judgments and ROCs in the Plurals Paradigm: Evidence for Alternative Decision Strategies
Using old-new ratings and remember-know judgments we explored the plurals paradigm, in which studied words must be distinguished from plurality-changed lures. The paradigm allowed us to investigate negative remembering-that is, the remembering of a plural-altered...
Saccades Elicit Obligatory Allocation of Visual Working Memory
In daily life, visual working memory (VWM) typically works in contexts in which people make frequent saccades. Here, we investigated whether people can effectively control the allocation of VWM when making a saccade. Subjects were required to make an...
Structural Properties of Spatial Representations in Blind People: Scanning Images Constructed from Haptic Exploration or from Locomotion in a 3-D Audio Virtual Environment
When people scan mental images, their response times increase linearly with increases in the distance to be scanned, which is generally taken as reflecting the fact that their internal representations incorporate the metric properties of the corresponding...
The Change-of-Standard Effect: Distorted Standards and Adjusted Impressions
Previous accounts of the memory distortion known as the change-of-standard effect hypothesize that participants form a relative impression of a target at encoding and later use that impression with the average of all items to recall the target (Higgins...
The Dimensionality of Perceptual Category Learning: A State-Trace Analysis
State-trace analysis was used to investigate the effect of concurrent working memory load on perceptual category learning. Initial reanalysis of Zeithamova and Maddox (2006, Experiment 1) revealed an apparently two-dimensional state-trace plot consistent...
The Role of Inhibition in the Production of Disfluencies
Disfluency is a common occurrence in speech and is generally thought to be related to difficulty in the production system. One unexplored issue is the extent to which inhibition is required to prevent incorrect speech plans from being articulated. Therefore,...
When Meaning Matters, Look but Don't Touch: The Effects of Posture on Reading
Much of the reading that we do occurs near our hands. Previous research has revealed that spatial processing is enhanced near the hands, potentially benefiting several processes involved in reading; however, it is unknown whether semantic processing-another...