International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 52, No. 4, Fall

Becoming a Contra: The Dilemma of Peasants during the Revolution in Nicaragua
This article addresses peasant participation in the counter-revolutionary war against the Sandinistas in Nicaragua. Many studies have examined peasant involvement in revolutions; few have looked at peasant participation in counter-revolutions. Nicaragua...
Canada and Egypt: From Antagonism to Partnership
Canada and Egypt have had diplomatic relations for over 40 years. During the first two decades the relationship had little bilateral content and was largely a byproduct of the Arab-Israeli conflict, of the cold war, and of United Nations efforts to promote...
Family Wars [Religion Fuels Nationalist Wars in Northern Ireland and Serbia]
Europe is fat and peaceful. Only in its remotest corners, in the basement and the attic so to speak, do the embers of war still burn. Both the countries of ex-Yugoslavia and Northern Ireland now share something less than peace: they are experiencing...
Index 1996-1997
ARTICLESAXWORTHY, LLOYD. Canada and human security: the need for leadership 183BA, ALICE. The ASEAN Regional Forum: maintaining the regional idea in Southeast Asia 635BAUER, WILLIAM. Refugees, victims, or killers: the new slave trade? 677CLARK, JOE....
Making Room for Real Refugees: The Generosity of the IRB Means That Canada Is Doing Less Than It Should for Refugees [Immigration & Review Board]
It's 4 a.m. on a cold Toronto winter night and suddenly you are wide awake. The smell of smoke and the crackle of flames send you flying out of bed. This is a life or death situation. You are in your pyjamas, but there is no time to dress although it's...
[One Hell of a Gamble: Khrushchev, Castro & Kennedy, 1958-1964]
The publishing season would not be complete without another book on the Cuban missile crisis. This volume's claim to fame, as the authors so humbly put it, is their 'unprecedented research' on two continents and access to previously closed Russian archives....
Refugees, Victims, or Killers: The New Slave Trade? [Smuggled Illegal Immigrants]
Few stereotypes about the Atlantic slave trade are more familiar than popular impressions of the Middle Passage -- the crossing from Africa to America. Huge ships -- crammed to the gunwales with Africans, packed together like spoons, chained to one another,...
[Resistance & Revolution: Vaclav Havel's Czechoslovakia]
One of the compensations of the diplomatic career is to be present when history is being made and sometimes to have a hand in making it. Such was the experience of Rob McRae, a Canadian foreign service officer posted to Prague in August 1988. His three-year...
[Risking Free Trade: The Politics of Trade in Britain, Canada, Mexico & the United States]
Titans or Behemoths: The Multilateral Development Banks, volume 5, by Roy Culpeper (Ottawa: North-South Institute, 1997, xx, 191pp).Risking Free Trade: The Politics of Trade in Britain, Canada, Mexico, and the United States by Michael Lusztig (Pittsburgh...
The ASEAN Regional Forum: Maintaining the Regional Idea in Southeast Asia
Despite the uncertain contribution of the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) to Asian-Pacific security, its creation is significant in light of the region's lack of multilateral arrangements and especially the long reluctance of the Association of South-East...
The First International Country: Canada Has Defined Its National Interest More Broadly, Less Selfishly, Than Many Others
Frequently in Canada, foreign and trade policies have been developed in parallel rather than in harmony. They sometimes march to different drummers and when their rhythms clash, ministers make choices. Sometimes those choices place political goals ahead...
[The New World Order in International Finance]
Titans or Behemoths: The Multilateral Development Banks, volume 5, by Roy Culpeper (Ottawa: North-South Institute, 1997, xx, 191pp).Risking Free Trade: The Politics of Trade in Britain, Canada, Mexico, and the United States by Michael Lusztig (Pittsburgh...
[Titans or Behemoths: The Multilateral Development Banks, Vol 5]
Titans or Behemoths: The Multilateral Development Banks, volume 5, by Roy Culpeper (Ottawa: North-South Institute, 1997, xx, 191pp).Risking Free Trade: The Politics of Trade in Britain, Canada, Mexico, and the United States by Michael Lusztig (Pittsburgh...
To Trade or Not to Trade? the African Elephant and CITES [Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species]
The survival of the African elephant is a conservation story with all the usual elements: rapidly rising fears of near extinction; intense involvement by biologists, park administrators, environmental activists, and poachers; and, unfortunately, significant...
Trade and Finance: Markets, Governments and International Institutions [Review Essay]
Titans or Behemoths: The Multilateral Development Banks, volume 5, by Roy Culpeper (Ottawa: North-South Institute, 1997, xx, 191pp).Risking Free Trade: The Politics of Trade in Britain, Canada, Mexico, and the United States by Michael Lusztig (Pittsburgh...
Twenty Years of Canadian Tradecraft: Canada at GATT, 1947-1967
When the 23 original signatories to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) concluded negotiations on 30 October 1947, they were confident that within a year or two the agreements reached would be subsumed into a new International Trade Organization...
Union and Division in Europe: At Any Moment Some People Are Losing Their Attachment to the Existing Nation-State They Are Supposed to Belong To
Boundaries change in Europe every forty years or so. The 1815 settlement after the Napoleonic Wars lasted until the unification of Italy and Germany between 1860 and 1870. The Treaty of Versailles in 1919 transformed Europe but left so much unfinished...
[Who Elected the Bankers? Surveillance & Control in the World Economy]
Titans or Behemoths: The Multilateral Development Banks, volume 5, by Roy Culpeper (Ottawa: North-South Institute, 1997, xx, 191pp).Risking Free Trade: The Politics of Trade in Britain, Canada, Mexico, and the United States by Michael Lusztig (Pittsburgh...
Who Needs Diplomats? the Problem of Diplomatic Representation
What or who does the post-cold war diplomat represent? Two trends are evident: increasing institutionalized multilateralism aimed at a stronger international order, either by improving co-operation between states or transcending the need for it; and...