International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 59, No. 3, Summer

A 'Distinct Strategy'? the Use of Canadian Strategic Culture by the Sovereigntist Movement in Quebec, 1968-1996
Stephane Roussel is assistant professor, Canada Research Chair in Canadian Foreign and defence Policy, Department of Political Science, Universite du Quebec a Montreal (UQAM). Charles-Alexandre Theoret is an MA candidate at the same university.INTRODUCTIONLeaders...
Allies: The U.S, Britain, Europe, and the War in Iraq
William ShawcrossNew York: Public Affairs, 2004. x, 262pp, $30.00 cloth (ISBN 1-58648-216-5)In the words of the author, "This book is not a narrative of the war in Iraq but a glance at one of the ways in which the international community, following 9/11,...
America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy
Ivo H. Daalder and James M. LindsayWashington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2003. viii, 246pp, US$22.95 cloth (ISBN 0-8157-1688-5)Few presidents in recent American history have conducted a foreign policy that has provoked as much controversy as George...
An Emerging Strategic Counterculture? Pierre Elliott Trudeau, Canadian Intellectuals and the Revision of Liberal Defence Policy concerning NATO (1968-1969)
Michel Fortmann is professor of political science at the Universite de Montreal. Martin Larose is a doctoral student in the history department of the same institution. The authors express their gratitude to SSHRC for the support that made this study...
An End to Evil: How to Win the War on Terror
David Frum and Richard PerleNew York: Random House, 2003. 284pp, $37.95 cloth (ISBN 1-4000-6194-6)If you think that Donald Rumsfeld is too subtle and soft-spoken, this is the book for you. David Frum, a Canadian former speech writer for President Bush...
Defending the 'Realm': Canadian Strategic Culture Revisited
Kim Richard Nossal is professor and head, Department of Political Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario. Research for this essay was made possible through a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada: grant 410-2001-1075,...
Donald and Me: The Iraq War and the 'Werwolf' Analogy
Perry Biddiscombe is professor of history at the University of Victoria. An early version of this paper was presented at the Qualicum History Conference, 30 January 2004.I HAVE SPENT THE LAST TWENTY YEARS OF MY LIFE researching the Nazi guerrilla movement,...
Expanding Global Military Capacity for Humanitarian Intervention
Michael E. O'HanlonWashington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2003. xiii, 125pp, US$46.95 cloth (ISBN 0-8157-6442-1), US$18.95 paper (ISBN 0-8157-6441-3)In a number of instances since the end of the Cold War, civil wars and other violent upheavals...
Friendly Fire: The Near-Death of the Transatlantic Alliance
Elizabeth PondWashington, DC: Brookings Institution Press/European Union Studies Association, 2004, xiv, 141pp, US$16.95 paper (ISBN 0-8157-7153-3)This book is the fifth in a series of monographs on the United States and the European Union, sponsored...
Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations
Edited by Jennifer M. WelshOxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. x, 229pp. $135.00 cloth (ISBN 0-19-926721-9)All the great founders of international law debated a critical ethical dilemma arising from a system of states in which sovereignty and non-interference...
Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied
Toby DodgeNew York: Columbia University Press, 2003. xx, 260pp, US$24.95 cloth (ISBN 0-231-13166-6)Drawing on his doctoral research into the creation of the Iraqi state and the transformed international system of the interwar period, Toby Dodge's book...
Iran's Economic Policy Dilemma
IN 1979, THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (IRI) inherited an economy that was heavily dependent on oil with a small and inefficient manufacturing sector. An eight-year war with Iraq, an influx of refugees, rapid population growth, US economic sanctions and...
Louise Arbour
Allan Thompson is assistant professor at Carleton University's School of Journalism and Communication. Prior to this, he worked as a political reporter in the Ottawa bureau of The Toronto Star, specializing in foreign affairs, defence and immigration...
Mitchell Sharp: Legacy of a Foreign Policy Icon
MITCHELL SHARP LIVED A LONG LIFE and by the time of his death this year enjoyed iconic status in the Canadian foreign policy community. By the same token he had longer than most public figures are allowed to try to shape his own reputation and he did...
National Defence vs. Foreign Affairs: Culture Clash in Canada's International Security Policy?
David Dewitt is professor of political science and director of York's Centre for International and Security Studies. Jeff Plante is an advanced doctoral student in the Graduate Program in History, York University, and a research assistant for this project....
Plan of Attack
Bob WoodwardNew York: Simon & Schuster, 2004. 480pp, $40.50 cloth (ISBN 0-743-25547-X)When the definitive histories of the current Iraq War are written--expect the first of those combative works in time for beach reading in 2025--historians will...
Plus Ca Change: Continuity, Change and Culture in Foreign Policy White Papers
William Hogg is a PhD candidate at McGill University and a sessional professor at Bishop's University. This paper was first presented at the conference "White Papers: Foreign Policy Management Tools?" held in Quebec City, May 2004. The author would like...
Smarter Cooperation in Canada-US Relations?
Veronica Kitchen is a PhD candidate at Brown University. Earlier versions of this paper were presented to the Association of Canadian Studies conference "9.11: Impact and Consequences for Canada and Canadians"; the International Studies Association Annual...
The Bubble of American Diplomacy: Correcting the Misuse of American Power
George SorosNew York: PublicAffairs, 2004. xiv, 210pp, $34.00 cloth (ISBN 1-58648-217-3)George Soros is a first-rate genius at making and spending large sums of money. In 1992, Soros made a billion-dollar bet that Great Britain would need to devalue...
The Illusion of Control: Force and Foreign Policy in the 21st Century
Seyom BrownWashington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2003. 196pp, US$46.95 cloth (ISBN 0-8157-0262-0), US$18.95 paper (ISBN 0-8157-0263-9)As American military involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan deepens, American citizens and foreign policy experts...
The Iraq War: A Military History
Williamson Murray and Major General (ret.) Robert H. Scales, Jr.Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003. 312pp, US$25.95 cloth (ISBN 0-674-01280-1)Instant histories are rarely very good. This account is an exception: it is well written, reasonably...
The 'New Triad' of the Bush Administration: Counterproliferation and Escalation Dominance in US Nuclear Strategy
INTRODUCTIONThe administration of George W. Bush has brought about significant changes in the nuclear strategy of the United States. Traditionally, the US calculus of deterrence was based on a nuclear triad of intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs),...
War Crimes and the Culture of Peace
Louise ArbourToronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002. xiv, 66pp, $9.95 paper (ISBN 0-8020-8495-8)Legal procedures are never neutral. Rather, they are always embedded in and constitutive of a larger legal philosophy. War Crimes and the Culture of Peace...
Weapons of Mass Distraction: Soft Power and American Empire
Matthew FraserToronto: Key Porter, 2003. 288pp, $32.95 cloth (ISBN 1-55263-250-4)"If the United States abolished its diplomatic and consular services, kept its ships in harbour and its tourists at home, and retired from the world's markets, its citizens,...
What Good Is Strategic Culture?: A Modest Defence of an Immodest Concept
INTRODUCTIONOscar Wilde famously referred to fox-hunting as the "unspeakable in pursuit of the inedible." With apologies to Wilde, those of us bounding off over conceptual hedges in quest of strategic culture might be called the unintelligible in pursuit...