International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 61, No. 3, Summer

Armaggedon on Tour: The "On Guard, Canada!" Civil Defence Convoy and Responsible Citizenship in the Early Cold War
In 1953, the Cold War was entering its sixth year. The USSR, the United States, and their allies sparred over the future of a divided Germany. A hot war still raged in Korea, where Canadians were patrolling, fighting, and dying to defend South Korea...
Chain of Command/the Abu Ghraib Investigations
CHAIN OF COMMAND The Road from 9/11 to Abu Ghraib Seymour M. Hersh New York: Harper Collins, 2004. xxii, 394pp, $36.95 cloth (ISBN 0-06-019591-6)THE ABU GHRAIB INVESTIGATIONS The Official Reports of the Independent Panel and the Pentagon on the Shocking...
Command at Sea
COMMAND AT SEA Naval Command and Control since the Sixteenth Century Michael A. Palmer Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005. xii, 377pp, US$29.95 cloth (ISBN 0-674-01681-5)This book addresses the timeless subject of leadership through a fresh...
Continentalizing Canada
CONTINENTALIZING CANADA The Politics and Legacy of the Macdonald Royal Commission Gregory J. Inwood Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005. xiv, 474pp, $75.00 cloth (ISBN 0-8020-8729-9)Royal commissions are, as author Gregory Inwood notes at the...
Cuba and Haiti in Mexico's Foreign Policy
The principles of Mexico's foreign policy remained essentially unchanged during the Cold War and into the early post-Cold War period. The most vigorous discussion concerning change-or even rupture-in Mexican foreign policy were prompted by the negotiations...
Guest Editors' Introduction
The articles in this collection have their origins in a research project that set out to examine the implications of the end of the Cold War, the attacks of 9/11, and the US decision to go to war in Iraq for North American politics and security. To what...
Haiti and Cuba: Test Cases for Canada, but Tests of What?
The many complications for Canada of its relationships with Haiti and Cuba are often seen as a test of the firmness of its decision to "join" the Americas. This "decision" was in fact a series of them, taken in the late 1980s, first to enter into a free...
Hegemony in a Region That Dares Not Speak Its Name
In many parts of the world we see recurrent attempts to talk regions into existence even when material realities undercut the possibilities of viable regionalism and militate against effective regional cooperation.1 In North America the opposite is the...
Integration and Security in North America: Do Good Neighbours Need Good Fences?
The social and political implications of regional integration processes have been widely studied. In some cases, economic regionalization has been driven by political considerations. In Europe, as is widely known, the integration process was explicitly...
International Organizations/the G8, the United Nations, and Conflict Prevention
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS The Politics and Processes of Global Governance Margaret P. Karns and Karen A. Mingst Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2004. xvi, 6o3pp, US$69.95 cloth (ISBN 1-55587-987-X), US$32.50 paper (ISBN 1-55587-963-2)THE G8, THE UNITED NATIONS,...
Michelle Bachelet
On election night, 15 January 2006, hundreds of thousands of Chileans packed the streets of Santiago to celebrate the historic victory of Chile's first female president. At a regional level, Michelle Bachelet also became the first Latin American woman...
North America: The News about the News
On 19 September 1985, Mexico City was devastated by an earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale that claimed more than 10,000 lives. I had arrived in the capital two days earlier with my family to begin work as Latin America correspondent for The...
On Protocols and Fireproof Houses: The Re-Emergence of Canadian Exceptionalism
Ever since Canada's government leader in the senate, Raoul Dandurand, uttered the phrase, "We live in a fireproof house," at the fifth assembly of the League of Nations in 1924, the expression has had a special meaning for Canadians. At the time, it...
On the Limits of Historical Imagination: North America as a Historical Essay
Over the last decades of the 20th century, the writing of history underwent serious political and epistemological criticism, especially in US academic circles. Yet it remained attached, by its origins, its academic structure, and its goals, to the nation...
Rising to the Challenge
RISING TO THE CHALLENGE China's Grand Strategy and International Security Avery Goldstein Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2005. 288pp, US$57.95 cloth (ISBN 0-8047-5138-2), US$24.95 paper (ISBN 0-8047-5218-4)China is considered to be a rising superpower...
Smart Borders and the Rise of Bilateralism: The Constrained Hegemonification of North America after September 11
INTRODUCTIONThe consolidation of multistate regions is one of the most interesting features of globalization's recent past. The European Union may be by far the most advanced example of this phenomenon, but North America, including as it does the global...
Stalin
STALIN A Biography Robert Service Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005. xviii, 715pp, US$29.95 cloth (ISBN 0-674-01697-1)Many Stalin biographies have been published in a variety of languages. During the decades when the Soviet archives remained...
Terrorism, Immigration, and Multiculturalism: The Australian Experience
Three defining events have shaped public policy in Australia towards the "war on terrorism." The September 2001 attack on New York was obviously the first. This prompted legislation in the following year that expanded the powers of the main intelligence...
The Battle of the St. Lawrence
THE BATTLE OF THE ST. LAWRENCE The Second World War in Canada Nathan M. Greenfield Toronto: HarperCollins, 2004. xiv, 287pp, $34.95 cloth (ISBN 0-00-200664-2)Few Canadians appreciate the extent of military operations, battles, causalities, and material...
The Bomb/"prompt and Utter Destruction"
THE BOMB A Life Gerard J. DeGroot Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004. xvi, 397pp, US$27.95 cloth (ISBN 0-674-01724-2)"PROMPT AND UTTER DESTRUCTION" Truman and the Use of the Atomic Bombs Against Japan, rev. ed. J. Samuel Walker Chapel Hill,...
The Security and Prosperity Partnership: An Overview
The tragic events of 11 September 2001 marked a watershed in the lives of most of the world, but they affected most especially those in the United States and its two land neighbours, Canada and Mexico. For the first time in history, America was gravely...
The United States-Iraq War and Mexican Public Opinion
This article analyzes a relationship that has not been carefully studied in the literature on US-Mexico relations: the link between Mexican public opinion and Mexico's foreign policy.The article has three sections. In the first, I discuss the antithetic...
The World Is Flat
THE WORLD IS FLAT A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century Thomas L. Friedman New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005. viii, 488pp, $38.50 cloth (ISBN 0-374-29288-4)We live in the era of globalization 3.0, in which firms and individuals from China...
What We Owe Iraq
WHAT WE OWE IRAQ War and the Ethics of Nation-building Noah Feldman Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004. 154pp, US$19.95 cloth (ISBN 0-691-12179-6)Noah Feldman's book on the ethics of nation-building in Iraq attempts to "jump-start" a discussion...