International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 61, No. 1, Winter

Canada and the End of Empire
CANADA AND THE END OF EMPIRE Edited by Phillip Buckner Vancouver: UBC Press, 2004. viii, 328pp, $85.00 cloth (ISBN 0-7748-0915-9), $29.95 paper (ISBN 0-7748-0916-7)By coincidence, I was reading this book on 15 February 2005 as Canadians celebrated the...
Canada's Position on the Use of Force Internationally
CARE Canada is an international development and humanitarian relief agency. Increasingly we work in conflict zones-pre-, post-, or sometimes, active. Our experiences are field-based: we know what we know because of the type of work we do and where we...
Constructing Turkey's "Western" Identity during the Cold War: Discourses of the Intellectuals of Statecraft
Throughout the republican era, membership in Euro-Atlantic institutions has provided Turkey's policymakers with the opportunity to assert the country's "western" identity. Indeed, Turkey's "westernness" has been expressed, not only through the adoption...
Covering the Iraqi Insurgency
Journalists covering the war and fractured peace in Iraq have had to grope for facts in a fog of broken telephone networks, tribal politics, military jargon, and a seething rumour mill. The result has not been a cool, definitive analysis of the conflict...
Eyewitness Accounts from Canada's Military History
BATTLE LINES Eyewitness Accounts from Canada's Military History Edited by J. L Granatstein and Norman Hillmer Toronto: Thomas Allen, 2004. 490pp, $39.95 cloth (ISBN 0-88762-156-2)"War made Canada," first in these lands, and then further afield (1). The...
Humanitarianism or Counterinsurgency?: R2P at the Crossroads
R2P at the crossroadsThe international responsibility to protect was born into a political climate which threatened its demise. The September 2005 millennium summit commitment of world leaders accepted "responsibility to use appropriate diplomatic, humanitarian...
Islam and the West/The Search for a New Ummah/From Revival and Reform to Global Jihad/Middle East/North Africa Report 37
THE WAR FOR MUSLIM MINDS Islam and the West Gilles Kepel Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004. 336pp, US$23.95 cloth (ISBN 0-674-01575-4)GLOBALIZED ISLAM The Search for a New Ummah Olivier Roy New York: Columbia University Press, 2004. xii,...
La Mort Des Théories Intégrationnistes?
LE CANADA DANS L'ORBITE AMÉRICAINE La mort des théories intégrationnistes? Edited by Albert Legault Sainte-Foy: Les Presses de l'Université Lavai, 2004. viii, i63pp, $24.00 paper (ISBN 2-7637-8136-5)This edited collection of essays on selected dimensions...
Marketing the War against Iraq
WEAPONS OF MASS PERSUASION Marketing the War Against Iraq Paul Rutherford Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004. xii, 220pp, $45.00 cloth (ISBN 0-8020-8995-X), $19.95 paper (ISBN 0-8020-8651-9)It still remains to be determined how far the Bush administration...
Mistaking Hegemony for Empire: Neoconservatives, the Bush Doctrine, and the Democratic Empire
However tempting it might be to regard American foreign policy as representing either the rational decisions of a single individual or the coherent output of a policy elite, the reality is different, and much more complex. For we must not only consider...
My Hectic Years as Jean Chrétien's Diplomatic Advisor, 1994-1998
ROLLERCOASTER My Hectic Years as Jean Chrétien's Diplomatic Advisor, 1994-1998 James Bartleman Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2005. xiv, 302pp, $37.99 cloth (ISBN 0-7710-1094-X)"Has this been done before?" was Jean Chrétien's response when the author...
Ottoman to Turk: Continuity and Change
We consider the European Union a community of values, not a Christian club-Tayyip Erdogan, prime minister of Turkey1That the modern Republic of Turkey is situated in one of the most dangerous geopolitical corners of the world has become an oft-repeated...
Shifting Civilizational Borders in Orange Ukraine: Dilemmas and Opportunities for Western Diplomacy
INTRODUCTIONPerhaps surprisingly to some, the modern history and politics of Ukraine are conducive to religious pluralism, political moderation, and civic accord. These maturing subsurface social features help to explain the appearance and success of...
The American Occupation and the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq
SQUANDERED VICTORY The American Occupation and the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq Larry Diamond New York: Times Books, 2005. 384pp, $35.95 cloth (ISBN 0-8050-7868-1)Larry Diamond, based at Stanford University and co-editor of the Journal of...
The Changing Turkish Approach towards the European Union after 9/11
For over thirty years, Turkey has sought membership in what is today called the European Union (EU). This article argues that the most likely scenario to reach that goal is that Ankara will speed up its efforts to meet the EU's membership criteria, and...
The History and Politics of Orientalism
CONTENDING VISIONS OF THE MIDDLE EAST The History and Politics of Orientalism Zachary Lockman New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. xxii, 308pp, US$05.00 cloth (ISBN 0-521-62080-5), US$22.99 paper (ISBN 0-521-62937-3)In 1978 the late Edward Said...
The Means to Success in World Politics
SOFT POWER The Means to Success in World Politics Joseph S. Nye, Jr. New York: PublicAffairs, 2004. xvi, igipp, $39.00 cloth (ISBN 1-58648-225-4), $19-95 paper (ISBN 1-58648-306-4)When Pierre Lavai, French foreign minister in May 1935, suggested to Joseph...
The New Superpower and the End of American Supremacy
THE UNITED STATES OF EUROPE The New Superpower and the End of American Supremacy T. R. Reid New York: Penguin Press, 2004. xii, 308pp, $38.00 cloth (ISBN 1-59420-033-5)T. R. Reid is a senior journalist for the Washington Post. He lived and worked in...
Theory and Practice in the 21st Century
BALANCE OF POWER Theory and Practice in the 21st Century Edited by T. V. Paul, James J. Wirtz, and Michel Fortmann Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004. xvi, 384pp, USS40.00 cloth (ISBN 0-8047-5016-5), US$27.95 paper (ISBN 0-8047-5017-3)My initial...
The Use of Force: The Couchiching Conference 2005
In its 74th year of hosting public affairs conferences, the Couchiching Institute on Public Affairs explored the use of force-as a domestic and global issue-and as used both by state and nonstate actors. In the summer of 2005 the context within which...
Transgovernmental Networks and Nonproliferation: International Security and the Future of Global Governance
Cold War-era international regimes to combat the proliferation of unconventional weapons face increasing doubts regarding their viability. These doubts mirror broader concerns about the efficacy of states and intergovernmental organizations in an era...
Turkey and the United States: The Impact of the War in Iraq
Since 1945, Turkey has occupied a special place in American foreign policy. During the Cold War, Turkey played an important role in the American containment policy as the southeast bastion of NATO and as a buffer state against the Soviet Union. In the...
Turkey: Myths and Realities
Guest editor's introductionThe first question that a reader of the International Journal will likely ask is why release a special issue on Turkey? With all that is happening in global affairs today, focusing on a single country, and one not among the...
Turkey's Intelligence Community in Changing Times
It can be argued that Turkey's geostrategic importance has not diminished with the end of the Cold War. Whereas a decade and a half ago it directly faced, and was preoccupied with, the Soviet threat, Turkey now has a stake in the political, economic,...
Volume 1: Organizations and Institutions/Volume 2: Opportunities and Innovations
CONFLICT PREVENTION FROM RHETORIC TO REALITY Volume 1: Organizations and Institutions Edited by Albrecht Schnabel and David Garment Lanham, MD.: Lexington Books, 2004. xviii, 438pp, US$75.00 cloth (ISBN 0-7391-0549-3), US$25.00 paper (ISBN 0-7391-0738-0)CONFLICT...
War, Law, and Geopolitical Change
"Times change and we with time"-Emperor Lothar I (795-855 CE)In 1837, the British were crushing a rebellion in Upper Canada, now Ontario. The United States, although unwilling to antagonize a superpower by supporting the rebels directly, did not prevent...
Who's Afraid of Angela Merkel?: The Life, Political Career, and Future of the New German Chancellor
Many believe Angela Merkel's political masterpiece to be a surprisingly short article that appeared on 22 December 1999 in the Frankfurter Allgemeinen Zeitung. This article was to pave her way to the top of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), a right-of-centre...
Why a Crisis in the West Reveals the Opportunity of Our Time
FREE WORLD Why a Crisis in the West Reveals the Opportunity of Our Time Timothy Carton Ash Toronto: Viking Canada, 2004. xiv, 288pp, $38.00 cloth (ISBN 0-670-04494-6)Over nearly seven decades the idea of a natural partnership between nations bordering...