International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 64, No. 3, Summer

Afganistan and Renewing Canadian Leadership: Panacea or Hubris?
Canada has committed significant resources to military operations in Afghanistan. By 2011, roughly 41,000 Canadian forces personnel will have served in the country (15,000 more than fought in Korea) and $7.5 billion will have been spent on combat operations.1...
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A History and Genealogy of the Freedom-from-Fear Doctrine
A discussion of the relevance of the human security agenda, and of its impact on Canadian foreign and security policy, is likely to cause scholars and policymakers to suppress a yawn these days. Such a reaction stems largely from a belief that all relevant...
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A Mixed Legacy: General Rick Hillier and Canadian Defence, 2005-08
General Rick Hillier was a remarkable chief of the defence staff. During his tenure from January 2005 to June 2008, Hillier wielded an unusual degree of influence for Canada's highest ranking general, and he sought to use this influence to rebuild and...
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Canadian Security Policy: New Perspectives and Debates
Studies of Canadian security policy have traditionally centred on certain key debates and issues, such as Canada's role in multilateral organizations; its international standing as a middle, model, or principal power; and the relative importance of the...
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Combating the Security Development Nexus? Lessons Learned from Afghanistan
Adopting a holistic approach, Canada's "3D" policy of defence, diplomacy, and development advocates intergovernmental cooperation to address the challenges posed by new wars, the security-development nexus, and failed states.' Unfortunately, the promised...
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Haiti and the Dilemmas of Local Ownership
On 14 May 2006, René Preval was inaugurated - for the second time- - as Haiti's president. While Preval' s first term, from 1996 to 2000, was notable primarily for the fact that Preval became the first democratically elected Haitian president to peacefully...
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Making Sense of Canada's "Irrational" International Security Policy: A Tale of Three Strategic Cultures
According to certain realist standards, Canada's post-9/11 international security policy is irrational. Prominent realists have noted that the Jean Chrétien government's decision to forego a role in the Iraq War was "anomalous," "inconsistent," and "bizarre."1...
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Protecting Canada's Critical National Infrastructure from Terrorism: Mapping a Proactive Strategy for Energy Security
In 200 2 the government of Canada introduced the national security policy, its first ever, which identified critical infrastructure protection as one of its priority concerns.1 Five years later, in August 2007, the government promulgated the emergency...
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Robert E. Osgood and the Origins of Social International Relations Theory
Perhaps the most significant trend in international relations theory in the last two decades has been the emergence of approaches emphasizing social, cultural, and ideational factors into the foreground ofthe field. What various authors have termed the...
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Securing Prosperity or Making Securitization Prosper? the Security and Prosperity Partnership as North American Biopolitical Governance
Increasing continental integration since n September 2001 raises questions about the emergence of a link between governmentality security and economic practices in North American. Of particular concern is the security and prosperity partnership of North...
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Selling Afghanistan: A Discourse Analysis of Canada's Military Intervention, 2001-08
Since 2001, Canada's successive federal governments have gone to great pains to explain the military intervention in Afghanistan to Canadians. In spite of these attempts, communicating with the public about Canada's involvement in Afghanistan has been...
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Sixty Years of Foreign Aid: What Have We Learned?
Foreign aid as we know it - the transfer of concessional resources from one government to another government, nongovernmental organization, or international organization, one purpose of which is to promote long-term beneficial change, including poverty...
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The Privatization of the Canadian Military: Afghanistan and Beyond
Since the end of the Cold War, nonstate actors have become increasingly important players in the security field, challenging the state's traditional monopoly over the use of legitimate force. Although nonstate actors have participated historically in...
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The Viability of a Canadian Foreign Intelligence Service
Debate over whether Canada should have a foreign intelligence service has surfaced periodically in public policy debates over the past 40 years.1 Most recently, prior to the 2006 general election, the Conservative party promised to create a Canadian...
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