International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 60, No. 3, Summer

A Canadian Dilemma: The United States or the World
Whether to think of Canada primarily in its relationship with the United States or as open to the whole world is a dilemma for Canadians and for Canadian society as a whole. Canadian governments' actions at any time are likely to be determined by conflicting...
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A WAR OF PATROLS: Canadian Army Operations in Korea
A WAR OF PATROLS: Canadian Army Operations in Korea William Johnston Vancouver: UBC Press, 2003. xx, 428pp, $45.00 paper (ISBN 0-7748-1008-4)William Johnston is a revisionist military historian, and we are much the better for it. In his latest work,...
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Canada's International Personality
Gouverner, c'est choisir. So said the 18th century French soldier Gaston, duc de Lévis. When it cornes to Canadian foreign policy, this motto has been more often honoured in the breech than followed. Canada, the "joiner," is part of more international...
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Canada, Transatlantic Relations, and the Challenges of Crisis Intervention
As Canada is engaged in a process of reflection about its place in the world and how best it can play a useful role on the world stage, I am grateful for the opportunity to offer a German and a European perspective on the debate over intervention, particularly...
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COLLAPSE: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed
COLLAPSE: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed Jared Diamond New York: Viking, 2005. xvi, 576pp, $44.00 cloth (ISBN 0-670-03337-5)During a recent wait at a large North American airport, I saw Diamond's Collapse displayed between yet another slim paperback...
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COLOSSUS: The Price of America's Empire
COLOSSUS: The Price of America's Empire Niall Ferguson New York: Penguin Press, 2004. 384pp, $38.00 cloth (ISBN 1-59420-013-0)One of the problems with current history is how swiftly it becomes dated. Historians have never been particularly good at the...
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CONTEMPORARY PEACEMAKING: Conflict, Violence and Peace Processes
CONTEMPORARY PEACEMAKING: Conflict, Violence and Peace Processes Edited by John Darby and Roger MacGinty Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. xiv, 2g6pp, US$85.oo cloth (ISBN 1-4039-0138-4), US$20.95 paper (ISBN 1-40390139-2)"Contemporary...
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ENFORCING THE PEACE: Learning from the Imperial Past
ENFORCING THE PEACE: Learning from the Imperial Past Kimberly Zisk Marten New York: Columbia University Press, 2004. xii, 202pp, US$27.95 cloth (ISBN 0-231-12913-0)Can we learn from the past? Are there actually, hidden beneath overlapping layers of confusing...
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En-Gendering UN Peacekeeping Operations
Contrary to the optimistic projections of some analysts, the end of the Cold War has not resulted in diminished threats to world peace and security, but rather in new and more complex ones.' In the post-Cold War decade, the international community has...
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Explaining Ascendancy and Decline: The Power Cycle Perspective
Canada is focusing on a most important debate-its place in the world and its sense of perceived decline. Andrew Cohen among others has raised serious questions about Canada's deteriorating foreign policy role. A special issue of Policy Options gave wide...
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From Oslo to Iraq and the Road Map
FROM OSLO TO IRAQ AND THE ROAD MAP Edward W. Said New York: Pantheon, 2004. xxii, 325pp, $37-95 cloth (ISBN 0-375-42287-0)From Oslo to Iraq and the Road Map is a collection of 46 essays for the general reader. Said, who died in September 2003, wrote...
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Guest Editor's Introduction
When the steering committee met in the summer of 2004 to plan the annual conference that would mark the ioth anniversary of the McGiIl Institute for the Study of Canada (MISC) on the theme "Canada in the world," the new government led by Prime Minister...
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Human Insecurity in a Global World
HUMAN INSECURITY IN A GLOBAL WORLD Edited by Lincoln Chen, Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, and Ellen Seidensticker Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Global Equity Initiative-Asia Center/Harvard University Press, 2004. xviii, 278pp, US$29.95 paper (ISBN 0-674-01454-5)Human...
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INFORMATION OPERATIONS: Warfare and the Hard Reality of Soft Power
INFORMATION OPERATIONS: Warfare and the Hard Reality of Soft Power Edited by Leigh Armistead Washington, DC: Brassey's, 2004. xviii, 278pp, US$48.00loth (ISBN I57488-698-3)It is surprising to encounter a book about information and communications that...
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Intervention, Prevention, and the "Responsibility to Protect": Considerations for Canadian Foreign Policy
Can Canada do "good" in the world? This seemingly innocuous question is in fact loaded. While there seems to be a broad, though not universal, as will be discussed later, consensus on defining "good" as a foreign policy that promotes peace, order, and...
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Is Nuclear Terrorism a Threat to Canada's National Security?
In the first nationally televised debate between President George Bush and Senator John Kerry in September 2004, the moderator asked each candidate "What is the single most serious threat to American national security?" In rare agreement, Kerry and Bush...
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LEADERSHIP AND RESPONSIBILITY IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR: Essays in Honour of Robert Vogel
LEADERSHIP AND RESPONSIBILITY IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR: Essays in Honour of Robert Vogel Edited by Brian P. Farrell Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2004. xxix, 273pp, $75.00 cloth (ISBN 0-7735-2643-9), $27.95 paper (ISBN 0-7735-2731-1)A...
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LES ETATS-UNIS ONT-ILS BESOIN D'ALLIES? Les Etats-Unis et Leurs Allies Europeens De la Guerre Froide a l'Irak
LES ÉTATS-UNIS ONT-ILS BESOIN D'ALLIÉS? Les États-Unis et leurs alliés Européens de la guerre froide à l'Irak Jean-Yves Haine Paris: Payot, 2004. 379pp, euro21.00 paper (ISBN 2-228-89809-0)Judging from the frenetic pace of the Bush administration's transatlantic...
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MY LIFE IS A WEAPON: A Modern History of Suicide Bombing
MY LIFE IS A WEAPON: A Modern History of Suicide Bombing Christoph Renter Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004. viii, 200pp, 115524.95 cloth (ISBN 0-691-11759-4)What kind of person becomes a suicide bomber? Why are suicide bombings currently so...
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Negotiating Cultural Space in the Global Economy: The United States, UNESCO and the Convention on Cultural Diversity
In recent years, international trade agreements have limited the ability of states to pursue policies to preserve or promote domestic popular culture. Frustrated by this trend, several countries, most notably France and Canada, have been pushing the...
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New Rabbits, Old Hats: International Policy and Canada's Foreign Service in an Era of Reduced Diplomatic Resources
Diplomacy is part art, part science, and is perhaps best understood as a nonviolent approach to the management of international relations.1 In the diplomatic context, results are obtained from the successful pursuit of national interests, the advocacy...
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Nuclear Superiority or Mutually Assured Deterrence
The nuclear strategy of the United States originated in the uncertain and dangerous twilight period between the end of World War II and the start of what was later coined the Cold War. It was at this point that Washington began to formulate a coherent...
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Peace, Order, and Good Government: The "Conservative" Tradition in Canadian Foreign Policy
"Values are at the heart of Canadian culture in the broad sense. And it is their values that deeply define Canadians-liberal values, of course."Pierre Pettigrew, Liberal MP, 1999"This great Canadian mosaic, a non-nation-state, makes for a country that,...
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Reconnecting Canada to the World (Via Europe)
In his foreword to the 2005 international policy statement, Prime Minister Paul Martin states unequivocally, "[mjake no mistake: we are in the midst of a major rebalancing of global power. New nations are rising as military and economic forces. Many...
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Rick Hillier
General Rick Millier likes to cultivate his image as a plain-speaking, downhome Newfoundlander who likes a good joke, a cold beer, and the company of the rank-and-file soldiers whose interests he has always had at heart.But behind the veneer is a shrewd,...
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RISE OF THE VULCANS: The History of Bush's War Cabinet
RISE OF THE VULCANS: The History of Bush's War Cabinet James Mann New York: Viking, 2004. xxii, 420pp, $39.00 cloth (ISBN 0-670-03299-9)Why did the United States invade Iraq in the spring of 2003? One way to find an answer to this question would be to...
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THE AMERICAN EMPIRE AND THE FOURTH WORLD: The Bowl with One Spoon, Part One
THE AMERICAN EMPIRE AND THE FOURTH WORLD: The Bowl With One Spoon, Part One Anthony J. Hall Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queeris University Press, 2003. xlvi, Ggopp, $49.95 cloth (ISBN 0-7735-2332-4)After two seasons of political acquiescence, the...
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THE BATTLE FOR HEARTS AND MINDS: Using Soft Power to Undermine Terrorist Networks
THE BATTLE FOR HEARTS AND MINDS: Using Soft Power to Undermine Terrorist Networks Edited by Alexander T. J. Lennon Cambridge, Mass: The MIT Press, 2003. xii, 392pp, US$25.oo paper (ISBN 0-262-62179-7)Since Joseph Nye coined the term some 15 years ago,...
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THE CASE FOR DEMOCRACY: The Power of Freedom to Overcome Tyranny and Terror
THE CASE FOR DEMOCRACY: The Power of Freedom to Overcome Tyranny and Terror Natan Sharansky, with Ron Dermer New York: PublicAffairs, 2004. xxvi, 305pp, $37.95 cloth (ISBN 1-58648-261-0)Natan Sharansky's compact little volume about democracy may well...
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THE END OF POVERTY: Economic Possibilities for Our Time
THE END OF POVERTY: Economic Possibilities for Our Time Jeffrey D. Sachs, foreword by Bono New York: Penguin Press, 2005. xvii, 397pp, $40.00 doth (ISBN 1-59420-045-9)The title of this book is a bit misleading. It does not propose a strategy to end poverty,...
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THE HALIFAX EXPLOSION AND THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY: Inquiry and Intrigue
THE HALIFAX EXPLOSION AND THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY: Inquiry and Intrigue John Griffith Armstrong Vancouver: UBC Press, 2002. 250pp, $39.95 cloth (ISBN 0-7748-0890-X), $24.95 paper (ISBN 0-7748-0891-8)The Halifax explosion of 6 December 1917 remains the...
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The "Inevitability" of North American Integration?
"La fatalité, c'est l'excuse des âmes sans volonté"Romain RollandIs Canada's destiny tied up in its geography, as a disconsolate André Laurendeau conceded more than 60 years ago?1 Does our presence on the North American continent make it inevitable that...
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The Iraq War
THE IRAQ WAR John Keegan Toronto: Key Porter, 2004. xiv, 250pp, $29.95 cloth (ISBN 1-55263-591-0)Most people interested in military history would agree that John Keegan has authored some of the best books in the field. The Face of Battle (1976), for...
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The Northwest Passage
A series of seven channels that link the Atlantic and Pacific oceans at the top of North America, referred to as the Northwest Passage, has been declared by the government of Canada to be historic internal waters. The passage has long been considered...
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UNDER THE WIRE: How the Telegraph Changed Diplomacy
UNDER THE WIRE: How the Telegraph Changed Diplomacy David Paull Nickles Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2003. 205pp, US$3O.95 cloth (ISBN 0-674-01035-3)New technologies dramatic enough to warrant international attention invariably strike...
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