International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 64, No. 2, Spring

A New "Pragmatism": Germany's NATO Policy
Recently, Germany's anglo-saxon allies, in particular, have begun to wonder about the future role of Germany within the Atlantic alliance. To some allies, Germany has even become "the new France," eroding NATO and aiming to build a counterweight to the...
Back to the Future?: International Relations Theory and NATO-Russia Relations since the End of the Cold War
This article evaluates different theoretical frameworks for understanding both the nature ofthe NATO alliance and the evolution of NATO- Russia relations since the end of the Cold War. It argues that the evolution of relations between the alliance and...
Canada and NATO: Keeping Ottawa in, Expenses Down, Criticism Out.And the Country Secure
LORD ISMAY, CANADIAN-STYLELord Ismay, NATO's first secretary general, famously summed up the purposes of the Atlantic alliance as "keeping the Russians out, the Americans in, and the Germans down." Behind this legendary bon mot was a stern reality that...
Canada and the Kosovo Crisis: A "Golden Moment" in Canadian Foreign Policy?
Assessments of Canada's involvement in the Kosovo War of 1998-99 have generally depicted Canada's role in the crisis within the period's broader discourse of diplomatic and military decline. Much of the Canadian academic and media opinion at the time...
Contact Africa: Canadian Foreign Policy, the Contact Group, and Southern Africa
"Verona found Sam."1 This opening to a May 1977 telex helped further an intense and genuine foreign policy engagement in southern Africa by Canada and other western powers on the United Nations security council. Canada and West Germany were months into...
NATO and Post-Cold War Burden-Sharing: Canada "The Laggard?"
NATO was taken by surprise by the events surrounding the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989. No official anticipated the speed with which the peaceful turmoil in central and eastern Europe took place. At the same time, while NATO discussed how to respond...
NATO as a Framework for Nuclear Nonproliferation: The West German Case, 1954-2008
The following analysis focuses on how the nuclear powers of the west were able to prevent the spread of nuclear weapon possession among their allies within the wider framing of the east-west conflict and by multilateralizing the issue - or the eventual...
NATO at 60: Going Global?
In the fall of 2006, Ivo Daalder and James Goldgeier published an article in Foreign Affairs in which they set out the case for NATO to expand its membership on a global level. The authors advance the argument that NATO should expand to include other...
NATO at 60: Introduction
No special edition of any journal can hope to capture the rich tapestry of NATO's history, or the contributions of all its members, or the complexity of debates, past and present, about the alliance's purpose, leadership, burdensharing, and strategy....
Reflections on the Sanctions Decade and Beyond
Faced with unwelcome external situations that threaten national or international interests, governments must decide whether to respond and, if so, what form their response should take. This decision-making process is more complex and likely to be more...
The 10 Most Important Books on Canadian Foreign Policy
In many ways the scholarly study of Canadian foreign policy has become a rich, robust, and rapidly growing field. It is now well over a century old, if one dates its inauguration from the publication of Goldwin Smith's Canada and the Canadian Question...
The Changing Forms and Utility of Force: The Impact of International Security Privatization on Canada
The Canadian forces are rightly interested in a new armed actor, whether employed by Canada or by another allied country, present in its areas of operations - the international private security company. In Afghanistan alone, some 28,000 privately employed...
The European Crisis of Liberal Internationalism
The liberal international agenda promoted by the European Union is in crisis. At a time when America is rediscovering the merits of multilateralism, engagement, and diplomacy, Europe is slowly acknowledging that its ethical and moral foreign policies...
The Other Global Crisis: Combating the Food and Humanitarian Crisis
Nations around the world are currently confronting an unprecedented financial crisis triggered by the collapse of the US subprime mortgage market. Despite extensive support from governments and monetary authorities, the financial meltdown has already...