International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 60, No. 1, Winter

AFTER THE TERROR Rev Ed
AFTER THE TERROR, expanded and revised edition Ted Honderich Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2004. viii, 198pp, $19.95 paper (ISBN 0-7735-2734-6)In the aftermath of the terrorist attacks on 11 September and the American invasions...
Ariel Sharon
ARIEL SHARON BECAME PRIME MINISTER of Israel on 6 February 2001 in a landslide popular vote. That victory was consolidated in the parliamentary elections of 28 January 2003 when the right-wing block he headed won 69 of 120 seats in the Israeli knesset....
Atlanticism and Pax Americana 1989-2004
I INTRODUCTIONAN INDISPENSABLE PREREQUISITE in assessing the foreign policy performance of any administration in Washington is the measure of the continuity and coherence of grand strategy. Subjected to this measure, the foreign policy of the Bush administration,...
A WORLD CHALLENGED: Fighting Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century
A WORLD CHALLENGED Fighting Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century Yevgeny M. Primakov Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2004. x, 150pp, US$22.95 cloth (ISBN 0-8157-7194-0)The attacks on the United States in September 2001 have afforded Russia...
BAD MOON RISING.: A Chronicle of the Middle East Today
BAD MOON RISIING A Chronicle of the Middle East Today Gilles Kepel, trans. Pascale Ghazaleh London: Saqi Books, 2003. 139pp, US$13.95 paper (ISBN 0-86356-303-1)Gilles Kepel is chair of the Middle East studies program at the Institute of Political Studies...
Can the United Nations Adapt to the 21st Century?
IT IS VITALLY IMPORTANT TO TAKE SERIOUSLY the question of whether the UN can cope with the security problems of the 21st century or not. We are seeing, over and over again, how international problems eventually come back to the UN because it provides...
CIVILIZATION AND ITS ENEMIES: The Next Stage of History
CIVILIZATION AND ITS ENEMIES The Next Stage of History Lee Harris New York: Free Press, 2004. xxi, 232pp, $39.00 cloth (ISBN 0-7432-5749-9)Lee Harris offers a quirky, idiosyncratic, and unconventional verview of the challenges facing western civilization...
COLD TERROR: How Canada Nurtures and Exports Terrorism around the World [THE 9/11 INVESTIGATIONS: Staff Reports of the 9/11 Commission Excerpts from the House-Senate Joint Inquiry Report on 9/11]
COLD TERROR How Canada Nurtures and Exports Terrorism Around the World Stewart Bell Toronto: Wiley, 2004. xxviii, 244pp, $36.99 cloth (ISBN 0-470-83463-3)THE 9/11 INVESTIGATIONS Staff Reports of the 9/11 Commission Excerpts from the House-Senate Joint...
Countering Terrorism: The Missing Pillar
Until we understand the sources of terrorism and do something about them, we can arm ourselves to the teeth, rampage across the planet with our militaries, suspend many of our civil liberties and still not protect ourselves from this menace.Thomas Homer-Dixon1ONE...
Disarming Iraq
DISARMING IRAQ Hans Blix New York: Pantheon, 2004. x, 292pp, $34.00 cloth (ISBN 0-375-42302-8)In the extended run-up to the Iraq war, a previously little-known Swedish diplomat by the name of Hans Blix held the world media's rapt attention. As chairman...
Family Diplomacy: Canada and the Commonwealth Office of High Commissioner
THE OFFICE OF HIGH COMMISSIONER emerged because Britain and the fully self-governing dominions-Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, Newfoundland (until 1934) and Ireland-were engaging in diplomacy well before the dominions had become separate...
FREEDOM ON FIRE: Human Rights Wars and America's Response
FREEDOM ON FIRE Human Rights Wars and America's Response John Shattuck Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003. 390pp, US$29.95 cloth (ISBN 0-674-01162-7)John Shattuck was United States assistant secretary of state for human rights and humanitarian...
Guest Editor's Introduction [Security in an Age of Terrorism]
THE NEW INTERNATIONAE SECURITY ENVIRONMENT, rooted in the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, remains volatile and unpredictable. While we continue to grapple with the aftershocks of 9/11 and the Iraq War, the future of global security looks more...
Hegemony and Multilateralism
I INTRODUCTIONDoes US strategy as a hegemon, epitomized in the eyes of many by its war versus Iraq, represent a significant and lasting change in the structure of global politics? Are analysts like Robert Kagan right that contemporary US strategy is...
Human Security and the Canadian Armed Forces [National Defence vs. Foreign Affairs: Culture Clash in Canada's International Security Policy?]
IN THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, David Dewitt expressed the view, held by many, that the Canadian armed forces (CF) ought to adapt its learning, policy development, and operations to formally recognize human security as a principal element of Canada's foreign...
INTELLIGENCE IN WAR: Knowledge of the Enemy from Napoleon to Al-Qaeda
INTELLIGENCE IN WAR Knowledge of the Enemy from Napoleon to Al-Qaeda John Keegan Toronto: Key Porter, 2003. xx, 444pp, $49.95 cloth (ISBN 1-55263-219-9)Sir John Keegan is widely recognized as one of the world's foremost military historians. Few other...
Islam and Democracy in the Middle East
ISLAM AND DEMOCRACY IN THE MIDDLE EAST Edited by Larry Diamond, Marc F. Planner, and Daniel Brumberg Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003. xxvi, 322pp, US$45.00 cloth (ISBN 0-8018-7847-0), US$17.95 paper (ISBN 0-818-7848-9)This is a much awaited...
Learning Lessons (and How) in the War on Terror: The Canadian Experience
LEARNING LESSONS IS AN UBIQUITOUS URGE. Armies do it; international organizations such as the United Nations practice it; businesses engage in it; individuals rely on it to get on with life. The internet teems with examples of our appetite. Casual perusal...
NATO's Angloshpere Option: Closing the Distance between Mars and Venus
INTRODUCTIONThe period since the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 should have been a golden age in transatlantic security relations. More importantly, it could have been. In the immediate aftermath of the attacks, there was virtual unanimity among...
Northern Exposure? American Homeland Security and Canada
INTRODUCTIONIn the days and weeks following 11 September 2001, rumours spread that some of the terrorists had entered the United States from Canada. Although these proved to be false, the view gained credence that American security was dangerously exposed...
OCCIDENTALISM: The West in the Eyes of Its Enemies
OCCIDENTALISM The West in the Eyes of Its Enemies Ian Buruma and Avishai Margalit New York: Penguin, 2004. I66pp, $33.00 cloth (ISBN 1-59420-008-4)"Why do they hate us?" This question has resonated widely in the United States and the rest of the west...
OD Skelton and the North American Mind
NINETEEN THIRTY-FIVE WAS A GOOD YEAR for the Canadian-American connection. Prime Minister R. B. Bennett began the negotiation of a trade agreement with the United States in the spring. Another leader, Mackenzie King, finished the job in time to celebrate...
POWER, TERROR, PEACE, AND WAR: America's Grand Strategy in a World at Risk
POWER, TERROR, PEACE, AND WAR America's Grand Strategy in a World at Risk Walter Russell Mead New York: Knopf, 2004. viii, 230pp, $27.95 cloth (ISBN 1-4000-4237-2)Ten years ago, public and scholarly attention largely turned away from traditional questions...
Securing the "Ontario-Vermont Border": Myths and Realities in Post-9/11 Canadian-American Security Relations
Question: Mr. President, why did you block the reimportation of safer and inexpensive drugs from Canada which would have cut 40 to 60 percent off of the cost?Bush: I haven't yet. Just want to make sure they're safe. When a drug comes in from Canada,...
Surprise, Security, and the American Experience
SURPRISE, SECURITY, AND THE AMERICAN EXPERIENCE John Lewis Gaddis Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004. x, 150pp, US$18.95 cloth (ISBN 0-674-01174-0)John Lewis Gaddis's short but highly ambitious book aims to place the "grand strategy" of the...
The Eastern Question Unresolved: Europe, the US, and the Western Balkans
ON 17 MARCH 2004, VIOLENCE ERUPTED between Kosovar Serbs and Albanians in Mitrovica, a flashpoint in Kosovo and a microcosm of the province's many difficulties. Over the next three days, the trouble spread throughout the UN protectorate; most incidents...
THE LESSER EVIL: Political Ethics in an Age of Terror
THE LESSER EVIL Political Ethics in an Age of Terror Michael Ignatieff Toronto: Penguin Canada, 2004. xii, 212pp, $22.00 paper (ISBN 0-14-301735-7)In the spring of 2003, Michael Ignatieff incurred the wrath of his liberal colleagues by supporting the...
The Long, Difficult Road to Dayton. Peace Efforts in Bosnia-Herzegovina
AS THE YEAR 1995 CAME TO A CLOSE, with people around the globe in festive spirits chiming in the new year, a drama was unfolding in Bosnia that was anything but festive. The world observed, through the eyes of CNN, how a US army engineering battalion...
The Politics of Deception: Forging Peace Treaties in the Face of Domestic Opposition
DEMOCRATIC POLITIES DEEIBERATELY construct institutions and procedures to hold their governments accountable. In the foreign policy realm, this usually involves some degree of legislative participation in the policy process, a ratification procedure...
The Sovereignty Revolution
THE SOVEREIGNTY REVOLUTION Alan Cranston Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004. xx, 102pp, US$19.95 cloth (ISBN 0-8047-4761 -x)One thinks twice before criticizing a book that has been lauded by Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, Mikhail Gorbachev, and Oscar...
The World after Iraq. How Can We Fail Next?
THREE AND A HALF YEARS AGO, after the bright, sunny, deadly New York morning that was 11 September 2001, almost everyone agreed that the world had changed forever: nothing would be the same again.What was really meant, for all the entirely genuine talk...
US Conterterrorism before Bin Laden
THE FINAL REPORT OF THE NATIONAL COMMISSION on terrorist attacks upon the United States (the 9/11 commission) focused on the history of US counterterrorism policy in the Clinton and George W. Bush administrations. The sense that one gets from much of...
WAGING PEACE: Israel and the Arabs, 1948-2003
WAGING PEACE Israel and the Arabs, 1948-2003 Itamar Rabinovich Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004. x, 326pp, US$16.95 paper (ISBN 0-691-11982-1)Israel's urbane, erudite, and witty former foreign minister, Abba Eban, was reported to have once...