International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 65, No. 4, Autumn

Being Canadian in the World: Mapping the Contours of National Identity and Public Opinion on International Issues in Canada
It is widely believed that Canada's role in the world is inextricably linked to its national identity: to be Canadian, it is thought, is to be a global citizen on the world stage.1 Indeed, public opinion data suggest that Canadians' strong sense of internationalism...
Canadian Sovereignty versus Northern Security: The Case for Updating Our Mental Map of the Arctic
SOVEREIGN MYTHS AND MENTAL MAPSFor more than two decades the international community has sought actively to understand and deal with the anthropogenic causes of climate change. While debate has raged over what constitutes a practical commitment to common...
Choosing Not to See: Canada, Climate Change, and the Arctic
In August 2008, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper stated: "Canada takes responsibility for environmental protection and enforcement in our Arctic waters. This magnificent and unspoiled ecological region is one for which we will demonstrate stewardship...
Cold Peace: Arctic Cooperation and Canadian Foreign Policy
The Arctic, located directly between the United States and the Soviet Union, was on the front lines of the Cold War. Nuclear submarines prowled the Arctic Ocean while long-range bombers circled overhead. Runways and radar stations were built across the...
East-West Collaboration in the European North
Structures and perceptionsSince the end of the Cold War, a flourishing network of coUaboration has grown up between Russia and its neighbouring Nordic countries in the European north. The Barents Euro-Arctic region (BEAR) was established in 1993 by several...
Five Lessons from the History of North American Aerospace Defence
Since the onset of the Cold War, the United States and Canada have been cooperating in what has since come to be called the "aerospace defence" of North America. This has entailed detecting, and in some instances being able to intercept, aircraft (above...
Iran's Interests in Afghanistan and Their Implications for NATO
The past decade has seen several lurches back and forth between discussions of cooperation and conflict between Iran and the United States and NATO in Afghanistan. In the late 1990s, amid warming relations between Iran and the United States, officials...
Jets, Flags, and a New Cold War?: Demystifying Russia's Arctic Intentions
Russia's interest in the Arctic shouldn't come as a surprise to anyone. Since 1991, post-Soviet Russia has pursued a foreign policy course that was based upon a fairly narrow calculation of its national interest. By necessity, Russia has had to forego...
Mirror Images?: Canada, Russia, and the Circumpolar World
The United States of America, Norway, Denmark and Canada are conducting a united and coordinated policy of barring Russia from the riches of the shelf. It is quite obvious that much of this doesn't coincide with economic, geopolitical and defence interests...
Mobilizing for Humanitarian Intervention: African Americans, Diasporic Lobbying, and Lessons from Haiti, Rwanda, and Sudan
No US president has ever made genocide prevention a priority, and no US president has ever suffered politicaUy for his indifference to its occurrence. It is thus no coincidence that genocides rages on.1Congress and the public must be sufficiently convinced...
Response to Hugh Segal's "Grappling with peace"/Response to Ernie Regehr
There is so much in Senator Hugh Segal's speeches and commentaries on Canadian foreign and security policies that is enlightening and provocative - and often debatable - and his article, "Grappling with peace," in the International Journal's special...
Russia in the Arctic: What's Lurking Behind the Flag?
There are a number of elements of Russian Arctic foreign policy that have raised concerns among many experts: a highly publicized scientific expedition planted the Russian flag in Arctic waters near the north pole as if it were meant to establish rights...
Russia's Arctic Energy Policy
ARCTIC GIMMICKSThe Arctic is widely presented as the object of a geopolitical race for natural resources, oü and gas in particular, with Russia as the main driver. Russia is often portrayed as taking an expansionist and müitarist stance in a mad dash...
Soft Solutions for Hard Problems
Views on the future of the Arctic range from dire predictions of a mad scramble for the resources of the north, possibly resulting in violent conflict, to more sanguine projections of peaceful solutions leading to circumpolar governance. ' Current policies...
The Arctic Is Hot Again in America and Europe: Introduction to Part I
Two major developments have greatly increased political and public interest in the Arctic in the last two decades. The first was the end of the Cold War, which gave rise to much-increased optimism concerning the development of peaceful cooperation in...
The Shape of the Table, the Shape of the Arctic
Some 40 years ago the shape of the table in Paris was a major obstacle to negotiations that promised to bring an end to the Vietnam War. The combatants could not agree on which parties were entitled to be represented at the peace talks or the appropriate...
Why and When We Study the Arctic in Canada
In the study of Canadian foreign policy, interest in the Arctic is far from constant; it waxes and wanes. When the Arctic is on the agenda, some argue that it receives disproportionately high attention; when it is off the agenda, there are calls for...