International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 61, No. 4, Autumn

Armageddon
ARMAGEDDON The Battle for Germany, 1944-1945 Max Hastings New York: Knopf, 2004. xxiv, 586pp, $42.00 cloth (ISBN 0-375-41433-9)The last eight months of the second World War in Europe are the subject of this book by the journalist and military historian,...
Days of Victory
DAYS OF VICTORY Canadians Remember, 1939-1945 Ted Barris Toronto: Thomas Alien, 2005. xviii, 414pp, $34.95 cloth (ISBN 0-88762-175-9)This is a revised edition of a popular work first published in 1995 by broadcasters and journalists Ted and Alex Barris....
Developing a Constitution for Europe
DEVELOPING A CONSTITUTION FOR EUROPE Edited by Erik Oddvar Eriksen, John Erik Possum, and Agustin José Menéndez. London: Routledge, 2004. xvii, 276pp, £75.00 cloth (ISBN o4153-2194-8), £20.99 Paper (ISBN 0-4153-7534-7)Well before the European Union expanded...
Emerging Tenets of Responsive Foreign Policymaking?
The rise in prominence of new foreign policy actors, agendas, and security threats in the decades following the end of the Cold War has led to intensified uncertainty about the basic notions of what are appropriate actions of states and other actors...
From Babel to Dragomans
FROM BABEL TO DRAGOMANS Interpreting the Middle East Bernard Lewis New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. xvi, 438pp, $36.95 doth (ISBN 0-19-517336-8)The 51 articles and n-page introduction in "From Babel to Dragomans" take up 438 pages of rather fine...
Gidsland and Human Security
Cosmopolitan vehicles?The contemporary world is labelled by many as being posf-Westphalian. Economic globalization, patterns of immigration and emigration, international crime and terrorism, and worldwide environmental degradation make states not only...
Guest Editor's Introduction
This issue takes as its point of departure the Dutch notion of gidsland which, roughly speaking, refers to a "mentor state." More specifically, gidsland means "a nation that progressively guides other countries locked in pitiful nationalist struggles...
Human Security
A radical or rhetorical shift in Canada's foreign policy?Over the last 50 years or so, Canada's geographical position at the margins has not resulted in a similarly marginal position in world affairs, despite or because of its neighbour to the south....
Keeping the Peace and National Unity
Canada's national and international identity nexusSince Lester B. Pearson led Canada onto the major international scene to keep the Suez Crisis antagonists apart in 1956-and won the Nobel peace prize for his efforts-Canada has been seen by many as the...
Michael Ignatieff
Idealism and the challenge of the "lesser evil"Since his return to Canada in late 2005 to run for a seat in the house of commons, Michael Ignatieffhas become one of the most discussed figures in Canadian politics. His detractors have accused him of being...
Politics and Process at the United Nations/irrelevant or Indispensable/adapting the United Nations to a Postmodern Era
POLITICS AND PROCESS AT THE UNITED NATIONS The Global Dance Courtney B. Smith Boulder Lynne Rienner, 2006. 32gpp, US$24.99 paper (ISBN 1588263487)IRRELEVANT OR INDISPENSABLE The United Nations in the 21st Century Paul Heinbecker & Patricia Goff,...
Rolling the Dice of War
Military necessity and nation building"The strategic fact of historical experience is that once the dice of war are rolled, policy achievement is largely hostage to military performance"Colin CrayModern Strategy"History, of course, never repeats itself...
Separation or Permeability
Bordered states, transnational relations, transcultural livesEach and every empirical analysis of statehood, sovereignty, and territorial delimitation disrupts and contradicts the conventional understanding of states as clearly demarcated geopolitical...
Sweden
Once a moral superpower, always a moral superpower?For quite some time, Sweden's international image was centred on its exceptionally activist foreign policy, which reached widely around the globe-all the way from Stockholm to Vietnam and on to Sandinist...
The 2005 International Policy Statement
Leading with identity?The 2005 international policy statement (IPS), "A role of pride and influence in the world," offers a unique opportunity to see the themes of this volume at work.1 The concepts of permeability, "mentor state," and human security-which...
The Case for Goliath
THE CASE FOR GOLIATH How America Acts as the World's Government in the 2ist Century Michael Mandelbaum New York: PublicAffairs, 2006. 2g6pp, $34.95 cloth (ISBN 1-58648-360-9), $17.00 paper (ISBN 1-58648-458-3)Michael Mandelbaum has been fearless in tackling...
The Democracy Makers
THE DEMOCRACY MAKERS Human Rights and the Politics of Global Order Nicolas Guilhot New York: Columbia University Press, 2005. 274pp, US$47.50 cloth (ISBN 0231131240)Since the end of the second World War, a dominant foreign policy objective of the United...
The Dutch Drive for Humanitarianism
Inner origins and development of the gidsland tradition and its external effectsDUTCH FOREIGN POLICY AND THE PHENOMENON OF GIDSLANDThe history of Dutch foreign policy is dominated by two themes. First and foremost, two elements compete for prominence...
The International Self
THE INTERNATIONAL SELF Psychoanalysis and the Search for Israeli-Palestinian Peace Mira M. Sucharov Albany: State University of New York Press, 2005. 234pp, US$05.00 cloth (ISBN 0-7914-6505-5), US$22.95 paper (ISBN 0-7914-6506-3)The International Self...
The Limits of Likemindedness
This article compares the foreign policies of two countries that are often classified as gidslanden, or guiding states. Canada and Denmark have accumulated reputations as internationalists through their commitments (rhetorically and actually) to human...
The Middle Power Project
THE MIDDLE POWER PROJECT Canada and the Founding of the United Nations Adam Chapnick Vancouver: UBC Press, 2005. xiv, 2iopp, $85.00 cloth, $29.95 paper (ISBN 0-774-812-486)How does one explain state action in the international system? Political scientists...
The Myth of Ethnic War
THE MYTH OF ETHNIC WAR V.P. Gagnon Jr. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2004. 24opp, US$i9-95 paper (ISBN 0801472911)The Balkans, the focus of western media attention for much of the 19905, have been all but forgotten. Since the terrorist attacks of...
The "Velvet Revolution" of Iranian Puritan Hardliners
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's rise to powerMahmoud Ahmadinejad's 2005 victory in Iran's presidential elections baffled foreign political circles in the same way that the rise to power of President Khatami-who preceded him-befuddled western diplomats and analysts.1...