International Journal

International Journal is a magazine focusing on International

Articles from Vol. 60, No. 4, Autumn

[A CENTURY OF GENOCIDE: Utopias of Race and Nation] [THE DARK SIDE OF DEMOCRACY: Explaining Ethnic Cleansing]
A CENTURY OF GENOCIDE Utopias of Race and Nation Eric D. Weitz Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003. 308pp, US$19.95 cloth (ISBN 0-691-00913-9)THE DARK SIDE OF DEMOCRACY Explaining Ethnic Cleansing Michael Mann Cambridge: Cambridge University...
ALLIES AT WAR: America, Europe, and the Crisis over Iraq
ALLIES AT WAR America, Europe, and the Crisis over Iraq Philip H. Gordon and Jeremy Shapiro New York: McGraw-Hill, 2004. vi, 266pp, $28.95 doth (ISBN 0-07-144120-4)The first published accounts of a world event, though written while the record is necessarily...
A Man Ahead of His Time? Wilsonian Globalism and the Doctrine of Preemption
In recent years, Woodrow Wilson has returned to feature prominently in the public discourse on the role of the United States in the world. For students of US foreign relations, this is hardly a surprising development. Wilson was responsible for articulating...
AMERICA RIGHT OR WRONG: An Anatomy of American Nationalism
AMERICA RIGHT OR WRONG An Anatomy of American Nationalism Anatol lieven New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. xiv, 274pp, $45.00 cloth (ISBN 0-19-516840-2)"Over the past fifty years," writes Anatol lieven in the preface to this important and controversial...
A Truth Commission for Africa?
INTRODUCTIONThis article considers the feasibility of establishing a truth commission for Africa (TCA). A TCA's purpose would be to contribute to reconciliation between Africa and the west by agreeing on a narrative "truth" about historic relations between...
Auto-Estima in Brazil
The logic of Lula's south-south foreign policyLess than two weeks after Luiz Inacio LuIa da Suva was sworn in as president of Brazil, his newly appointed foreign minister, Celso Amorim, was asked what would change in his country's foreign policy. For...
Canada's Human Security Agenda
Walking the talk?INTRODUCTIONHuman security is a central pillar of Canadian foreign policy; hence it is important to determine the government's efficacy in this area. This paper assesses the extent to which Canada is exercising effective leadership in...
Canadian Mining Companies and the Shaping of Global Norms of Corporate Social Responsibility
INTRODUCTIONThe launch of the Global Mining Initiative (GMI) in 1998 marked a novel attempt to promote corporate social responsibility within the specific context of the mining sector. The GMI is novel in the sense that it was launched by a group of...
CHECHNYA: Life in a War-Torn Society
CHECHNYA Life in a War-Torn Society Valery Tishkov Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. 3O2pp, US$5o.oo cloth (ISBN 0-520-23887-7), US$19-95 paper (0-520-23888-5)This is a useful but limited book. It is useful because of its painstaking analysis...
David Wilkins
The pinnacle of David Wilkins' tenure as speaker of the South Carolina house of representatives was almost his own personal nadir, but because Wilkins prevailed-and in fact prospered-he is now the newly minted US ambassador to Canada. Had the 58-year-old...
Ear Candy: Canadian Policy toward Humanitarian Intervention and Atrocity Crimes in Darfur
The autumn 2003 issue of this journal featured eight articles offering some uninvited suggestions on international relations and foreign policy to Paul Martin as he was making his debut as prime minister. In his overview of the challenges faced by the...
Educating for Conflict or Peace: Challenges and Dilemmas in Post-Conflict Rwanda
In Rwandan classrooms today, survivors of the genocide sit beside returned refugees or the children of those imprisoned for war crimes. The schools in which they are being taught were often sites of mass atrocities. New textbooks and other learning resources...
EUROPE RECAST: A History of European Union
EUROPE RECAST A History of European Union Desmond Dinan Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2004. xviii, 373pp, US$59.95 cloth (ISBN 1-58826-205-7), US$23.50 paper (ISBN 1-58826-230-8)Desmond Dinan's Europe Recast is a superb, eminently readable history of the...
Federalism and Territorial Cleavages
FEDERALISM AND TERRITORIAL CLEAVAGES Edited by Ugo M. Amoretti and Nancy Bermeo Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. xiv, 498pp, US$55.00 cloth (ISBN 0-8018-7408-4)Ugo M. Amoretti's original question was whether regional cleavages in Italy-always...
Globalization in Historical Perspective
GLOBALIZATION IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE Edited by Michael D. Bordo, Alan M. Taylor and Jeffrey G. Williamson Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. x, 588pp, US$95.00 cloth (ISBN 0-226-06598-7)That globalization has a history is now well recognized....
INAUSPICIOUS BEGINNINGS: Principal Powers and International Security Institutions after the Cold War, 1989-1999
INAUSPICIOUS BEGINNINGS Principal Powers and International security Institutions after the Cold War, 19S9-1999 Edited by Onnig Beylerian and Jacques Lévesque Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2004. xii, 314pp, $75.00 cloth (ISBN...
INDEPENDENCE IN AN AGE OF EMPIRE: Assessing Unilateralism and Multilateralism
INDEPENDENCE IN AN AGE OF EMPIRE Assessing Unilateralism and Multilateralism Edited by Graham F. Walker Halifax: Centre for Foreign Policy Studies-Dalhousie University, 2004. xxv, 397pp, $25.00 paper (ISBN 1-896440-42-8)Michael Ignatieff's "Canada in...
Internal Conflict and the International Community
INTERNAL CONFLICT AND THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY Wars Without End? Roderic Alley Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2004. x, 242pp, US$84.95 cloth (ISBN 0-7546-0976-6)Since World War II, half of the world's states have experienced intrastate conflict, and in the...
Love, Hate, and Fear in Canada's Cold War
LOVE, HATE, AND FEAR IN CANADA'S COLD WAR Edited by Richard Cavell Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004. vi, 2i6pp, $50.00 cloth (ISBN 0-8020-3676-7), $24.95 paper (ISBN 0-8020-8500-8)Any commentary on the excesses of the Cold War period appearing...
Mugabe, Gramsci, and Zimbabwe at 25
Twenty-five years after Robert Mugabe brought Zimbabwe to independence in 1980, some might interpret the current, apparent "reradicalization" of the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front's (ZANU-PF) political project as a last, leftist, quasi-Gramscian...
NEW GLOBAL DANGERS: Changing Dimensions of International Security
NEW GLOBAL DANGERS Changing Dimensions of International security Edited by Michael E. Brown, et al. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004. xxvi, 554pp, US$28.00 paper (ISBN 0-262-52430-9)Too often, new approaches to security emphasize the normative aspects...
Not a "Real State"?: Defence Privatization in Canada
Since the 19905, pundits, parliamentarians, and professors alike have criticized the Liberal government for its seeming neglect of the Canadian forces (CF) and the resulting decline.1 They claim that spending cuts in defence threaten Canada's international...
Reshaping the Security Envelope
INTRODUCTIONGiven that the primary and most immediate experience of insecurity in troubled societies worldwide is through unmet basic needs, political exclusion, denied rights, social and political disintegration, and the criminal and political violence...
Sudan's Humanitarian Disaster
Will Canada live up to its responsibility to protect?As a country deeply divided along ethnic and religious lines the Sudan had already experienced large-scale violence before its independence. The Torit mutiny of 1955, the accompanying massacres in...
Tests of Global Governance
TESTS OF GLOBAL GOVERNANCE Canadian Diplomacy and United Nations World Conferences Andrew F. Cooper Tokyo and New York: United Nations University Press, 2004. xii, 298pp, $53.95 paper (ISBN 92-808-1096-0)At the heart of Andrew Cooper's complex and sprawling...
THE ACCIDENTAL AMERICAN: Tony Blair and the Presidency
THE ACCIDENT ALAMERICAN Tony Blair and the Presidency James Naughtie New York: PublicAffairs, 2004. xx, 25opp, $36.95 cloth (ISBN 1-58648-257-2)For many observers, one of the most puzzling things about the American-led invasion of Iraq in the spring...
The African Union's New Security Agenda
Is Africa closer to a pax pan-Africana?INTRODUCTIONOn 9 July 2002 in Durban, South Africa, 53 African leaders inaugurated the African Union (AU), a continent-wide organization to replace the Organization of African Unity (OAU). This new organization...
The European Union and Civil Conflict in Africa
INTRODUCTIONIt is famously said of the Balkan countries that they produce more history than they can consume. From the 19205 on, the discourse of European international relations drew on similar imagery in distinguishing between countries that were producers...
[THE FALL OF BAGHDAD] [THE IRAQ WAR: As Witnessed by the Correspondents and Photographers of United Press International]
THE FALL OF BAGHDAD Jon Lee Anderson New York: Penguin Press, 2004. x, 389pp, $36.00 cloth (ISBN 1-59420-034-3)THE IRAQ WAR As Witnessed by the Correspondents and Photographers of United Press International Edited by Martin Walker Washington, DC: Brassey's,...
THE HISTORY OF HUMAN RIGHTS: From Ancient Times to Globalization
THE HISTORY OF HUMAN RIGHTS From Ancient Times to Globalization Micheline R. Ishay Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. x, 45opp, US$6o.oo cloth (ISBN 0-520-23496-0), US$24-95 paper (ISBN 0-520-23497-9)In this comprehensive and sweeping history...
THE LAST GOOD WAR: An Illustrated History of Canada in the Second World War, 1939-1945
THE LAST GOOD WAR An Illustrated History of Canada in the second World War, 1939-1945 J. L. Granatstein Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 2005. x, 2$2pp, $55.00 cloth (ISBN 155054-913-8)As one of Canada's best known political and military historians...
[The Nation-State in Question] [the Shifting Foundations of Modern Nation-States]
THE NATION-STATE IN QUESTION Edited by T. V. Paul, G. John Ikenberry, and John A. Hall Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003. xi, 384pp, US$6o.oo cloth (ISBN 0-691-11508-7), US$22.95 paper (ISBN 0-691-11509-5)THE SHIFTING FOUNDATIONS OF MODERN...
THE RED MAN'S ON THE WARPATH: The Image of the "Indian" and the Second World War
THE RED MAN'S ON THE WARPATH The Image of the "Indian" and the second World War R. Scott Sheffield Vancouver. UBC Press, 2004. viii 232pp. $85.00 cloth (ISBN 0-7748-1094-7), $29.95 paper (ISBN 0-7748-1095-5)Although foreign wars tend to reduce the attention...
Towards Durable Peace: A Tribute to Robert O. Matthews
It is with great pleasure that I introduce this collection of essays that celebrate the career of Robert O. Matthews. Bob Matthews is well known to long-time readers of the International Journal, having served, alongside Charles Pentland, as its co-editor...
YOUNG SOLDIERS: Why They Choose to Fight
YOUNG SOLDIERS Why They Choose to Fight Rachel Brett and Irma Specht Boulder and London: Lynne Rienner, 2004. xvi, 192pp, US$45.00 cloth (ISBN 1-58826-285-5), US$i7-95 paper (ISBN 1-58826-261-8)The phenomenon of child soldiers in global conflicts, mostly...