Behavior and Social Issues

Behavior and Social Issues is a magazine focusing on Psychology

Articles from Vol. 11, No. 1, Fall

A Total Safety Culture: From a Corporate Achievement to a Global Vision
For two decades I have been talking and writing about a Total Safety Culture (TSC) as an ideal for organizations to work toward. Years ago I defined a TSC as an environmental setting where "everyone feels responsible for safety and pursues it on a daily...
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B.F. Skinner's Contributions to Cultural Design and Social Policy
Thirty years ago, behaviorism made psychology essentially irrelevant to the study of culture. (DiMaggio, 1997, p. 265). One of the strengths of the behavior analytic position is that it possesses one of the characteristics of a genuinely useful theory-it...
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Commentaries on "The Design of Cultures"
ON THE DESIGN OF CULTURES: 1961 AND 2001 In The Design of Cultures, Skinner suggested that "there is considerable advantage in considering ... governmental, religious, economic, educational, and therapeutic institutions...simply as behavioral technologies"...
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Comment on Skinner's "The Design of Cultures"
It is the end of September 2001, as I mull over Skinner's classic 1960 paper "The Design of Cultures." Skinner's faith in the inevitable improvement of the human condition was not rooted in some principle of "general will, universal or collective reason,...
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Comments on Skinner's "The Design of Culture"
Proposals to improve culture by design immediately raise the thorny issue of values. Skinner's revolutionary solution to this old conundrum is to "step outside of the system" by treating value judgments as verbal behavior--thus "all objections to cultural...
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Consequence Analysis: An On-Line Replication
ABSTRACT: Sanford and Fawcett (1980) developed an approach for increasing informed public opinion called consequence analysis, in which more thoughtful, better informed opinions appeared to result from a procedure in which respondents were asked to consider,...
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Editorial: The Science of Behavior and Human Rights
The "good life" is not a world in which people have what they need; it is one in which the good things they need figure as reinforcers in effective contingencies (Skinner, 1975/1996, p. 69). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed...
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Genetic Transmission in Evolutionary Biology and the Three-Term Contingency in Social Psychology
COMMENTATORS In his book Institutional Behavior, Floyd Allport was to my knowledge the first to point out that all social movements and institutions are aggregates of the concrete behaviors of their constituent units, individual human beings. I think...
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Higher Education: Social Institution or Business?
ABSTRACT: American higher education has been undergoing significant changes in recent years. These changes affect students, faculty, and administrators and involve interlocking contingencies and meta-contingencies that constitute a great part of higher...
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On Certain Assumptions Underlying Contemporary Educational Practices
ABSTRACT: Education is one of the most important services a culture can provide for its citizens, yet certain of the educational practices in our contemporary culture are predicated on mentalistic and ultimately counterproductive assumptions about (a)...
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Some Myths about Behaviorism That Are Undone in B.F. Skinner's "The Design of Cultures"
One of my interests involves the ways in which behaviorism is consistently misrepresented in both popular and academic sources. Such misrepresentations have appeared so steadily that a Special Interest Group to study them was formed within the Association...
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Still Relevant, But
What B. F. Skinner wrote in this article is still clearly relevant today and will be tomorrow. It is still true, for instance, that: (a) scientists often accept the contention that applying a scientific analysis of human behavior to the improvement of...
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Successive Approximations towards Behavior Analysis: A Review of Single-Case Evaluation by Social Workers by Mansoor A.F. Kazi
SUCCESSIVE APPROXIMATIONS TOWARDS BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS: A REVIEw OF SINGLE-CASE EVALUATION BY SOCIAL WORKERS BY MANSOOR A. F. KAZI. 1998, Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing House. ISBN 1-85972-4140. 109 pp. 37.50 (British Pounds). As readers of this journal...
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The Department Chair: Antecedent and Postcedent Stimulus Control
SPECIAL SECTION: EDUCATION ABSTRACT: Academe presents the contemporary of department chair with important challenges to effective functioning. Among these are (a) the ambiguous nature of the role itself, which is typically seen as part faculty and part...
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The Design of Cultures
ABSTRACT: A series of three conferences on "Evolutionary Theory and Human Progress" was held at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in the fall of 1960. The first considered biological problems, the second, anthropological, and the third, psychological....
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The Promise of the Design of Culture
Skinner (1978) once asked, "Are we free to have a future"? The question is not purely rhetorical and our successes in the design of cultures may determine its answer. Cultures will evolve, with or without explicit design, but the shape of a culture that...
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The Role of the Behavior Scientist in the Design of Counter Culture
Skinner's analysis of the contingencies of reinforcement that lead to the establishment of cultural practices, provides a good opportunity to consider power relations between dominant and dominated groups in society. He points out how the social variables...
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Why Behaviorism, to Survive and Triumph, Must Abandon Its Very Name: An Open Letter
Direct contingency analysis has been shown to be important. Instead of this success providing a powerful foundation for major advances in all of the important areas of psychology, I fear that it is becoming a gold plated cage. My evidence: relatively...
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World History for Behavior Analysts: Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel
Jared Diamond's Pulitzer Prize-winning book, Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, contains two important messages for behavior analysts, one a statement of theoretical (and perhaps social-political) kinship and the other a suggestion...
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