Alcoholism

Alcoholism is a magazine focusing on Medicine

Articles

Vol. 47, No. 1, 2011

Consumption of Noncommercial Alcohol among Alcohol Abuse Clinic Patients
Abstract-In 2010 a pilot study, using semi-structured interviews, was conducted in the Belarusian city Grodno to explore noncommercial alcohol drinking among 51 alcoholics admitted to narcological clinic. The types of surrogates consumed and reasons...
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Prevalence of Psychoactive Substance Abuse among High School Students in Nevesinje and Mostar
Abstract-The goal of the paper was to examine the prevalence of psychoactive substance abuse among high school students in Nevesinje and Mostar, to find out the most frequent psychoactive substance among the students, the reasons for using drugs and...
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Past Research and Cognitions of Quetiapine Use in the Treatment of Alcohol Dependence
Abstract -Quetiapine is an atypical antipsychotic or a second-generation antipsychotic. It has been used in the treatment of positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia, depressive episodes of bipolar disorder, acute manic episodes connected with...
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Gustav Mahler - 100th Anniversary of Death
Summary -Gustav Mahler, late romantic composer whose works were forbidden and destroyed, found his place in history of music as a leading figure of his time. His life was filled with hard work and personal tragedies. By the time he had achieved the deserved...
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Medicine and Music in Croatia
SummaryThe field of music and medicine in Croatia has been scientifically developed since 17th century. For 40 years the Croatian Association for Music Therapy and the Croatian Medical Music Association have been promoting and developing this field....
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Epidemiological Study of Suicide in Croatia (2004-2009) - Motive Alcohol Dependence
AbstractModern cognitions in the field of criminology have analyzed alcohol as a significant, even decisive factor in extrovert and introvert violent behavior. Introvert manifestation of violence results in a certain number of suicide cases. The statistical...
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Vol. 46, No. 2, 2010

Beverage Specific Alcohol Sale and Mortality in Russia
Abstract -High mortality rates in Russia and their profound fluctuation over the past decades have attracted considerable interest. The mounting body of evidence points to binge drinking pattern as a potentially important contributor to mortality crisis...
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Serum Concentration of N-Acetyl-[Beta]-D-Glucosaminidase in Alcohol Addicts
Abstract -An increased level of serum N-acetyl-ß-D-glucosaminidase can often be found in alcohol addicts. A statistically significant increase in the catalytic concentrations of NAGA and its isozymes was determined in a group of subjects with the diagnosis...
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Fight against Addiction
Abstract -Problems related to tobacco smoking, alcohol drinking and taking opioid drugs, psychiatric and physical complications and comorbidity represent a significant burden for public health services and the improvement of mental health. The aim of...
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Frederic Chopin and Other Composers Tuberculotics - Pathography
Abstract -In this article we pathographically elaborated the destiny and illnesses of the great Polish - French composer and virtuoso pianist Frederick Chopin on the occasion of his 200th birth anniversary, as well as other famous composers who had tuberculosis...
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Alcoholism and Oral Health
Abstract -The purpose of this study was to determine the most frequent oral changes in individuals treated from alcohol dependence, their intensity and frequency compared to the control group, and the quality of oral hygiene and dental care in subjects...
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Rock Musicians' Club 27
Abstract -Being a rock musician is a lifelong dream for many people. Fame, influence and careless lifestyle are high on a wish list, especially among adolescents. But this is only one side of the rock and roll medal. The other, not so exposed, includes...
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Vol. 46, No. 1, 2010

The Correlation of Concentration of Plasma Lactates and Blood Alcohol Concentration in Patients Acutely Intoxicated by Alcohol
Summary -The aim of this paper was to examine the correlation of concentration of plasma lactates and blood alcohol concentration in patients acutely intoxicated with alcohol. Since alcohol inhibits gluconeogenesis and lactate is its main substrate,...
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Addictions and Art
Summary -This paper examines addictions problems in art. We explained potential modalities of this relationship with emphasis on the creativity and the role of self medication related to latent psychopathological features such as mood disorders. While...
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Unrecorded Alcohol Consumption: Quantitative Methods of Estimation
Summary -In this paper we focused on methods of estimation of unrecorded alcohol consumption level. Present methods of estimation of unrevorded alcohol consumption allow only approximate estimation of unrecorded alcohol consumption level. Tacking into...
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Sociocybernetics and Chaos Theory - New Possibilities for Understanding Alcoholism and Related Addictions
Summary-Even though »Sociocybernetics« is no longer a neologism, it is still useful to note that »socio« indicates a concern for the structure and deelopment of human relationships and that most of the authors presented in this collection were trained...
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School Itineraries of Children Victims of Maternal Alcohol Abuse in France
Abstract-We identified 28 children with fetal alcohol syndrome or fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and were able to reconstruct the education itineraries of 19 of them. Although most of these children were initially enrolled in mainstream nursery schools,...
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Nicholas Andreievich Rimsky-Korsakow (1844-1908)
Summary -Russian composer (1844-1908) Rimsky-Korsakow led a very active and prestigious life. He was very active musically and socially, which led to exhaustion. As a consequence, he started experiencing respiratory and coronary difficulties. He eventually...
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Forthcoming Congresses and Conferences
2010Fourth Symposium of Transcultural PsychiatryBarcelona, SpainJune 25-26, 2010Organizer: University of Vali d'HebronCollaboration: University Autonoma de BarcelonaContact: Dr. Miguel CasasE-mail: mcasas@vhebron.netArte, Salud y ComunidadBuenos Aires,...
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Vol. 45, No. 2, 2009

The Influence of Alcohol-Induced Cerebellar Atrophy on Respiratory Rhythms at Rest
Summary - The aim of this paper is to examine whether and in what way an alcohol-induced cerebellar degeneration changes breathing at resting. The subjects are alcohol addicts from the Club of Treated Alcoholics »Split« (N=Il), men aged between 38 and...
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Intensity of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Relation to Alcohol Use in War Veterans - Experiences from Bosnia-Herzegovina
Summary -The aim of this study was to determine the connection between alcohol consumption levels and the intensity of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, stress levels and the number of traumatic events in war veterans with clinically diagnosed...
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Differences in Socio-Demographic Factors Related to Compulsive Gambling and Alcohol Addiction
Summary - The aim of this study was to compare socio-demographic data related to gambling and alcohol addicts in order to determine whether the same factors influence the onset of both types of addiction and whether both types of addiction cause similar...
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Harm Reduction Approach and Therapeutic Option of Moderate Drinking for Individuals with Drinking Problems
Summary - Although in the last thirty years the knowledge of alcohol induced disorders has expanded and advanced much, and the basic scientific paradigm of its understanding has changed, systems of prevention and help for individuals with drinking problems...
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Composers - Substance Abusers
Summary - The aim of this article is to emphasize and summarize some pathographies of eminent composers, about more than seventy of them, who were substance abusers, mostly alcohol abusers and/or tobacco, opioid, narcotics, and drug abusers. Most of...
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Spontini, Hoffmann, Donizetti, Macdowell, Delius and Other Composers Neurosyphilitics
Summary -The aim of this article is to emphasize and summarize some pathographies of eminent composers, about twenty of them, who died of neurosyphilis. It is likely that the number of composers who were infected with treponema pallidum was greater,...
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Society without Drugs?
Society without drugs? Author: Slavko Sakoman Institute of Social Sciences Ivo Pilar, Zagreb, 2008 ISBN 953-6666-19-7Prof. Slavko Sakoman as an internationally recognized scientist, expert in the field of addiction treatment and prevention, and founder...
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Forthcoming Congresses and Conferences
2010WPA Regional MeetingDhaka, BangladeshJanuary 21-23, 2010Organized by: Bangladesh Association of PsychiatryContact: Prof. Akm NazimuddowiaWPA International CongressBarcelona, SpainApril 14-16, 2010Organized by: Spanish Society of PsychiatryContact:...
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Vol. 45, No. 1, 2009

Editor's Letter
Dear readers,I would like to take this opportunity to address two issues in this volume: forty five years of publishing our journal as well as the appointment of the new editorship.Forty five years have passed since the first issue of Alcoholism was...
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Early Management of Children with Foetal Alcohol Syndrome in France
Summary - Perinatal management of infants born to alcohol-abusing mothers and their families is difficult. French Centres for Early Medical-Social Intervention (Centres d'action médico-social précoce; CAMSP) attempt to attenuate the handicaps of children...
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Substance Abuse in Patients Hospitalized with First-Episode Psychosis
Summary - The aim of the paper is to determine the prevalence of substance abuse in patients with first-episode psychosis urgently admitted to hospital treatment. The aim is also to examine the influence of substance abuse on the clinical picture of...
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Alcohol Poisoning and Cardiovascular Mortality in Russia 1956-2005
Summary - High mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Russia and its profound fluctuations over the past decades have attracted considerable interest. It was emphasized that cardiovascular death played an important role in the Russian mortality...
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Students' Attitudes regarding Substance Abuse and Preventive Actions of the Police
Summary - The aim of this paper was to examine the attitudes of the first year high school students in Zagreb regarding substance abuse and preventive actions of the police. The research was conducted by a questionnaire on the cohort sample of 15 schools...
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JOSEPH HAYDN (1732-1809) Pathography on the Occasion of the 200th Anniversary of Haydn's Death
Summary - In this pathography we discussed Haydn's diseases which include nasal polyps and the especially progressive atherosclerotic process in the last ten years of his life. Those diseases led towards cerebrovascular disorder, heart failure and caused...
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Edvard (Hagerup) Grieg (1843-1907) - Pathography
Summary - E. H. Grieg, the greatest Norwegian composer, was born in 1843. When he was in Leipzig he got specific (TBC) »pleurisy« of the left side. Therapeutic pneumothorax of the left lung was performed, which was often used as a method for treating...
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Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Conditions: A New Classification for DSM-V
Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Conditions: a new classification for DSM-V Editors: Pietro Porcelli, Nicoletta Sonino Karger, 2007, Basel, Switzerland ISBN 978-3-8055-833-2A liaison psychiatrist's field of activity comprises, besides other psychiatric...
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Modern Approach to Opiate Dependence Treatment
Modern Approach to Opiate Dependence Treatment Author: Slavko Sakoman Self-published, Zagreb, CroatiaThis book is the result of the author's thirty-year-experience in working with opiate addicts at the Department of Psychiatry of the University Hospital...
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The 8th Alpe-Adria Conference on Alcoholism
The 8 Alpe- Adria conference on alcoholism was held in Senigallia, Italy, on April 20th and 21st 2009. As we know, in alcoholism Alpe- -Adria represents a consensus conference for Croatia, Italy, Austria, Slovenia, Bosnia-Her- zegovina and Hungary. Its...
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Forthcoming Congresses and Conferences
2009XXIV Congreso de la Asociacion Espanola de NeuropsiquiatríaCadiz, SpainJune 3-6, 2009Organized by: Spanish Society of NeuropsychiatryContact: Dr. Fermin PerezWebsite: www.24congresoaen.com16th ISPA Congress Differentiation Integration and DevelopmentCopenhagen,...
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Vol. 44, No. 3, 2008

3rd Croatian Conference on Alcoholism and Other Addictions: 7th Alpe-Adria Conference on Alcoholism/3. Hrvatska Konferencija O Alkoholizmu I Drugim Ovisnostima: 7. Alpe-Jadran Konferencija O Alkoholizmu
ALCOHOL RELATED DISORDERS - ONE OF THE LARGEST PUBLIC HEALTH PROBLEMS TODAY, AND TOMORROW?!Srdan Marusic, Vlatko ThallerDepartment of Psychiatry, University Hospital Sestre milordnice, Zagreb, CroatiaDrinking of alcoholic beverages is a part of general...
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Vol. 44, No. 2, 2008

Characteristics of Group Therapy in Clubs of Treated Alcoholics
Summary - The harmful effect of taking alcoholic beverages has been known since ancient times, so the measures of fighting and treating disorders caused by alcohol developed as the society and technology developed. During the time this problem was approached...
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Alcohol Dependence - One of the Causes of the Entire Family Criminal Activities
Summary - The aetiology of juvenile delinquency is a complex issue and subject of numerous researches, too. On the basis of the conducted researches it is determined that the father's alcoholism in a family and the family migration are preconditions...
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Erectile Dysfunction in Patients with Alcohol Consumption
Summary - The objective of this work was to evaluate, in a cohort of patients with erectile dysfunction, the influence of alcohol consumption and the response to alcohol abstinence with and without sildenafil association. We took into consideration 50...
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Alcohol Abuse during Pregnancy
Summary - The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of alcohol use in pregnancy, and the rate of congenital malformations in children who were exposed in utero to this xenobiotic. One part of the study was performed at the Department of Gynecology...
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Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884) - Pathography
Summary - Bedfich Smetana was born in Litomysl on 2 March, 1824. Franz Liszt first spotted his musical talent and gave him financial support. At the age of 42 he made his first success as a composer with his operas. In 1874 he suffered from a purulent...
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Vol. 43, No. 2, 2007

Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (1804 - 1857) Pathography
Summary - M.I. Glinka, Russian composer, had a sensible-neurotic personality, and was a symptomatic alcoholic. It is presumed that he had a neurosyphilis. In his fifties, he quickly (in a few days) died in Berlin of delirium, pneumonia and ascites.Key...
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Aristotle's Opinions of Addiction
Summary - In his Nicomacheian Ethics Aristotle, among other things, writes about some phenomena which can be applied to the field of addiction. He mentions the pleasure principle, exaggeration, the consequences of addiction. He distinguishes between...
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Serum Lipids and Lipoproteins Changes during Three Weeks of Abstinence in Patients with Alcohol Dependence
Summary - The goal of this research was to observe changes in serum lipids and lipoproteins in long-time alcoholics at the beginning of treatment and after three weeks of abstinence from alcoholic beverages.For the purposes of this research we have examined...
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Changes in Blood and Brain Glucose and Lipid Levels Induced by Ethanol and the Associated Microstructural Alterations in Brain Tissue of Albino Rabbits
Summary - Derangements or inbalances in products of intermediary metabolism have been reported to cause brain malfunction. It is therefore, thought necessary to study the changes in blood and brain glucose, triacylglycerol (TAG) and cholesterol, as these...
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Forthcoming Congresses and Conferences
WPA Thematic Conference »Coercive Treatment in Psychiatry: A Comprehensive Review« XVI International Symposium Sexuality: PleasuresNovember 23-25, 2007, Caracas, VenezuelaInfo: Organizer: WPA section on Psychiatry and Human SexualityContact: Dr. Ruben...
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Personality Characteristics of Alcoholic Criminal Offenders and Non-Offenders
Summary - The research was based on some personality traits of alcoholics, such as special qualities of psychopathological and socio-pathological characteristics of alcoholic offenders according to the type of criminal offence and non-offenders. The...
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The Level and Structure of Alcohol-Related Mortality in Grodno, Belarus
Summary - The aim of the study was to examine the impact of alcohol on the level and structure of mortality in the province of Grodno, Belarus. All death certificates for the year 2002 were collected and examined for information concerning the presence...
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Vol. 43, No. 1, 2007

Psychodynamic Characteristics of Ego in Alcoholic Offenders and Non-Offenders
Summary - The research was based on some personality characteristics of alcoholics, such as specific ego qualities of alcoholic offenders in respect to the type of criminal offence, and non-offenders. The research was carried out in the prison and within...
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Total and Ionized Magnesium Levels in Serums with Ethanol Content and in Chronic Alcoholics
Summary - Hypomagnesemia was associated with alcoholism in the late 1960s. In serum, magnesium exists in three fractions: protein bound, complex-bound and in a free ionized form. Only the free ionized fraction is biologically active. We compared the...
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The Relationship between Having Smoking or Drinking Parents and the Occurrence of Smoking or Drinking in Their Adolescent Children
Summary - A survey was conducted during the year 2004, on 702 high school students (response rate 78.5%). The aim of this study was to find a relationship between having smoking or drinking parents and the occurrence of hazardous/harmful smoking or drinking...
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Homicide and Alcohol Intoxication in Russia, 1956-2005
Summary - The association between alcohol and various forms of aggression and lethal violence is well documented. There is growing evidence that binge drinking pattern increases the propensity for the alcohol-related violence. The purpose of this study...
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Recreative-Cultural Treatment in Alcohology
Summary - In the report are stressed the possibilities of music-bibliopantomime, drama - and phys-therapy in the frame of alcohology.Key words: Recreative treatment; AlcoholismCultural treatment existed in psychiatry almost from the beginning. We can...
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Martin Luther (1483-1546): Pathography
Martin Luther was a theological reformer, music theoretician, luthenist, flutist, poet and choral composer1. His pathography proves significance of traumatized childhood in genesis of revolutionary activity and major organic pathology. Being rejected...
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Furtcoming Congresses and Conferences
WPA Thematic Conference "Coercive Treatment in Psychiatiy: A Comprehensive Review"June 6-8, 2007, Dresden, GermanyInfo: Organizer: Eunomia Study GroupContact: Prof. Thomas Kallert; E-mail: Thomas. kallert@mailbox. tu-dresden. de;Website: www.WPA2007dresden.orgVI...
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Vol. 42, No. 2, 2006

Alcoholism and Criminal Responsibility
Summary - Who can endanger the security of other people according to the Law concerning the protection of people with mental problems? The question arises if we ourselves contribute to the repeating of criminal deed if we do not pay enough attention...
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Aggregate Level Association between Alcohol and the Peptic Ulcer Mortality Rate
Background: Peptic ulcer disease is a common clinical problem. Binge drinking has been shown to increase the risk of peptic ulcer at the individual level.Purpose: To estimate the aggregate level beverage-specific effect of alcohol on peptic ulcer disease...
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Bruxism and Alcoholism: A Clinical Report
Summary - Bruxism is a pathophysiological disorder of the masticatory muscles, where the increased activity causes non-physiological teeth attrition. The aim of this study was to report a case of bruxism in a female psychiatric patient treated for alcoholism...
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Group Therapy Using Pantomime Play
Summary - This paper presents some of our pieces of experience with the psychotherapeutic method of treatment by means of pantomime according to the method introduced by Horetzky. We applied pantomime to various psychiatric patients and addicts, especially...
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Craving as an Indicator of Psychopharmacotherapy Efficiency
Summary - Craving represents an important diagnostic criterion in diagnosing addiction. Over the recent years there is a growing interest regarding the phenomenon of craving. It is defined as a strong need for drinking of alcohol or intensive thinking...
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Alcoholism in Identical Twins
Summary - Multifactorial quality has an important role in the aetiology of alcoholism. Psychological factors and social environment (primary family's systems of values, patterns of behaviour, exchange of emotions and communication, alcohol accessibility)...
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Hugo Wolf (1860 - 1903) Pathography
Summary - Hugo Wolf, same as his friend and contemporary Mahler, born on the same year, is bounded by his origin to Slave and neighboured to Austro-Hungarian monarchy countries. Wolf is born 1860 in Slovenjgradec in mixed nationalities family, and was...
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Furtcoming Congresses and Conferences
Encountering the Spirit of Community in Narrative Therapy and in Cuba Programs for PeopleJanuary 15-19, 2007, Havana, CubaContact: Dr. Cristobal Martinez GomezE-mail: info@narrativecuba.com; Website: www.narrativecuba.comWPA Regional MeetingJanuary 23-24,...
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Vol. 42, No. 1, 2006

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Alcohol Abuse among Elementary and Secondary Schoolchildren in Herzegovina-Neretva County, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Summary - The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence of alcohol use among the elementary and high school children in various towns of Herzegovina-Neretva County, and to identify the risk factors for this kind of behavior. The survey was based...
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Aggregate Level Time Series Association between Alcohol Consumption and Diabetes Mortality
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a major public health issue. Alcohol abuse is a factor that has been suggested to be relevant for the risk of diabetes. Purpose: To estimate the aggregate level of beverage-specific effect of alcohol on diabetes mellitus...
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Alcoholic and His Family
Summary - Successful treatment of alcoholics cannot be achieved without the active family participation. Alcoholic often presents wrongly his and his family's behaviour and family happenings in order to present himself in a more positive light. Therefore,...
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Importance of the Club of Treated Alcoholics
Summary-A club of treated alcoholics is a multifamily association organized on the principle of self help and mutual help of its members being engaged in continuous modification of the way of life, growth and maturation of treated alcoholics. Since 1964,...
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Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714 - 1787) Pathography
Christoph Willibald Gluck (or Clue either Kluk, ashewas sometimes orthographically spelled) was born in 1714 in the village of Erasbach in Bavaria, at that time occupied by Austrian Empire. His father, Hans Adam, was a hunting and forest master for the...
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Furtcoming Congresses and Conferences
International Congress on Gait & Mental FunctionFebruary 03-05, 2006. Madrid. SpainInfo: Congress secretariat: Kenes International Tel. 011-41-22-908-0488: Fax 011-41-22-732-2850; E-mail: gait@kenes.com; Website: www. kenes.com/gait/14th European...
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Vol. 41, No. 2, 2005

Alcohol and Breast Cancer - Case Report
Summary - Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women especially among those aged 40 to 5O years. Besides, alcohol consumption is common and ingestion of alcohol beverages is associated with an increased risk for breast cancer. On the other...
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Burnout Syndrome in Professional Workers Who Deal with Treated Alcoholics
Summary - This study is the first dealing with burnout syndrome of professional the workers engaged in work with treated alcoholics. Those professional workers are particularly exposed to the burnout syndrome because of their specific work. The aim of...
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Alcoholism - A Public Health Issue
Summary - It is well known that alcoholism and the abuse of alcohol cause serious medical, psychiatric, social, economic and legal problems. Alcohol abuse-related problems appear as early as in primary school, together with smoking, while the drug problem...
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Contemporary Possibilities of Music Therapy in Social Psychiatry and Alcohology
Summary - This paper presents the contemporary possibilities of music therapy in social psychiatry and especially in combating alcoholism, based on the pieces of experience from the Department of Psychiatry within the Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital,...
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Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) the Pathography
Maurice Ravel was born in March 7th 1875 in Ciboure, village near Spanish border. In his early childhood, he moved to Paris. His father - Joseph Ravel - had Swiss background, and was a highly skilled engineer and inventor. His mother - Maria Delouart...
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