The American Journal of Economics and Sociology

The American Journal of Economics and Sociology publishes scholarly essays in the social sciences, with an emphasis on the intersection of sociology and economics. Also included are book reviews and profiles of historical figures.

Articles from Vol. 55, No. 2, April

Balanced Budgets and Depressions
Since 1791, the earliest data available, the national debt has been increased in 112 years, decreased in 93 years. 57 of those balanced-budget, debt-reduction years have been concentrated in six sustained periods of varying length. Also since 1791, there...
Beyond Sprawl
Excerpts from a publication with the title above and the subtitle, "New patterns of Growth to Fit The New California" are reproduced below. They are from a paper which Steven Moss and his associates at the consulting firm of M. Cubed and William Fulton...
Congressional Term Limitations: Chadwickian Policy as an Antecedent to Modern Ideas
I Introduction Public choice economists and political scientists, after nearly four decades of examining the economics of political and social choice, have begun to consider the potential impacts of legislative term limits. Recent work in the area...
Demographic Change and Entrepreneurial Occupation: African Americans in Northern Cities
I Introduction Disadvantaged minorities throughout history have concentrated in entrepreneurial occupations, since such occupations lend themselves to self-employment (Light, 1979). In northern cities in the United States during the late nineteenth...
From the Arena into the Streets: Hockey Violence, Economic Incentives and Public Policy
I Introduction Over the last two decades a large multi-disciplinary literature has emerged concerned with the causes and effects of, and the policy initiatives directed towards rectifying violence in professional team sport.(1) Although the contribution...
Graduate School Alumni Donations to Academic Funds: Micro-Data Evidence
I Introduction Inflation-adjusted appropriations to U.S. public higher education grew 2% in fiscal 1994/95 relative to 1992/93 allocations.(1) Higher education also received 73% of the $2.5 billion total corporate donations to education in 1993, a...
Henry George and the Shakers: Evolution of Communal Attitudes towards Land Ownership
I Introduction The influence of Henry George on the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, better known as the Shakers, has been misunderstood. By the late nineteenth century, the New York Shakers owned several thousand acres of...
People: From Impoverishment to Empowerment
People: From Impoverishment to Empowerment (New York and London: New York University Press, 1995) is, in the words of James Gustave Speth, Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme, the result of a collaborative international effort of...
Privatization and Economic Restructuring in Poland: An Assessment of Transition Polices
I Introduction After the fall of the Communist regime in 1989, Poland's new government faced the difficult task of restructuring an economy suffering from four decades of socialist central planning. Although its stabilization became the immediate objective,...
The Authority Attainment of Women: Competitive Sector Effects
I Introduction It is well documented that women are less likely than men to exercise authority in their jobs (Grimm and Stern 1974, Wolf and Fligstein 1979, Roos 1981, Jaffee 1989, Jacobs 1992, Reskin and Ross 1992). Yet the causes of this gender difference...
The Trend of Aggregate Concentration in the United States
Problems of Scope and Measurement I Introduction A sizable literature examining aggregate concentration and describing the potential adverse consequences of increasing aggregate concentration exists.(1) These adverse consequences involve the suspected...