McNair Papers

McNair Papers is a specializing in Defense topics.

Articles from No. 20-22, August

1 Federal Initiatives to Transfer Technology to Private Industry
ABSTRACT Successful technology transfer from U.S. government organizations to private industry depends upon achieving constructive matches between technology producers and intended users. This paper assesses government efforts to transfer technology...
2 the Defense Acquisition Challenge: Fielding Affordable Weapons
ABSTRACT The U.S. defense establishment is committed to fielding technologically superior but more affordable weapon systems. Faulty requirements generation and premature technology transition are the two most important causes of cost growth in...
3 Testing: The Bridge to Success for the New Science and Technology Strategy
ABSTRACT The Department of Defense (DOD) began a new strategy in 1992 for exploiting technology by focusing on Advanced Technology Demonstrations (ATD) to prove military utility and technological maturity before beginning new weapon system development...
4 Technology Timeliness from a Soldier's Perspective
ABSTRACT Technological superiority never equates to warfighting superiority unless technically advanced weapon systems are fielded when soldiers need them. ********** The former Under Secretary of Defense, Donald J. Atwood, on 28 May 1992...
5 Defense Decision-Making under a Technology-Maximizing Acquisition Policy
ABSTRACT Defense planners should be aware of the tradeoffs inherent in a new acquisition strategy aimed at preserving technological supremacy. Forces can either optimize resources for mission effectiveness, or for technological maximization, but...
A Balkan Perspective
During the rest of this decade, and the first years of the next century, acute security crises in the "Balkans," the former Communist states of Albania, Bulgaria, Romania and Yugoslavia, will once again afflict all of Europe. Here lies an unbounded...
Anarchy and Cold War in Moscow's "Near Abroad"
The implosion of the Soviet Union has created the real likelihood of general conflagration in post-Soviet Eurasia. This is especially true of Russia's "near abroad," the territorial arc stretching from Tallin to Yalta and containing six independent...
Central Europe: "Return to Europe" or Descent to Chaos?
For over three decades, Central European stability was maintained by a coercive military alliance. But since 1988, the Central European environment has been marked by increasing disorder and ethnic tensions. For instance, nationalism is eradicating...
Franco-German Security Accommodation: Agreeing to Disagree
Washington continues to have a vital stake in European stability, which in turn hinges on Western European political consistency and economic growth. Prolonged confusion over the future course of European integration affects European efforts to reform...
How Has Saddam Hussein Survived? Economic Sanctions, 1990-93
Sanctions have lately become a mechanism of choice for addressing international disputes--but do they work? In its first 45 years, the Security Council of the United Nations (U.N.) had imposed sanctions only twice--on Rhodesia in 1966 and on South...
Preface
Two momentous events have reshaped the way the Department of Defense (DOD) conducts its business. The first, the dissolution of the Soviet Union, perhaps the most significant event of the past decade, changed the mix of technologies DOD needs to execute...
Strengthening Security in Central and Eastern Europe: New Opportunities for NATO
Having defended its Cold War borders successfully, NATO must now look East and extend Europe's security environment in response to the shift of political gravity on the Continent. By encompassing Eastern Europe, NATO can provide an opportunity for...