Middle East Quarterly

A quarterly journal dedicated to contemporary Middle Eastern affairs, published by the Middle East Forum. Contains studies, interviews, commentary, and reviews covering a broad range of political, economic, social and cultural concerns. The scope includes

Articles from Vol. 16, No. 3, Summer

A History of Modern Iran
A History of Modern Iran. By Ervand Abrahamian. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. 228 pp. $24.99, paper.The basic left-wing view about Iran is that Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi was truly evil while the Islamic Republic is a mixed bag - and the...
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Are Judaism and Christianity as Violent as Islam?
"There is far more violence in the Bible than in the Qur'an; the idea that Islam imposed itself by the sword is a Western fiction, fabricated during the time of the Crusades when, in fact, it was Western Christians who were fighting brutal holy wars...
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Correspondence
Nasrallah's DefeatTo the Editor:Professor Eyal Zisser is mistaken in his conclusions as to why Israel's northern border has been "quiet" since August 2006 ("Nasrallah's Defeat in the 2006 War," Winter 2009). He implies that Hezbollah is afraid, but is...
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Decoding the Language of Jihad
Local law enforcement is the first line of defense to counterterrorism in the United States. The task of recognizing and identifying terrorists in the local jurisdiction is, however, challenging. While law enforcement officers are trained to respond...
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Dissident Watch: Fariba Kamalabadi
Fariba Kamalabadi, 47, who had been serving in a voluntary capacity on an Iranian Baha'i body known as the Yaran (The friends) since 2006, was detained at her home on May 14, 2008, and then taken to Tehran's Evin Prison. Simultaneously, five of her colleagues...
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Energy Victory: Winning the War on Terror by Breaking Free of Oil
Energy Victory: Winning the War on Terror by Breaking Free of Oil. By Robert Zubrin. Amherst, N. Y.: Prometheus Books, 2007 and 2009. 336 pp. $25.95 ($19.98, paper).With oil prices dropping dramatically over the past few months, many Americans no longer...
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Freedom's Unsteady March: America's Role in Building Arab Democracy
Freedom's Unsteady March: America's Role in Building Arab Democracy. By Tamara Cofinan Wittes. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2008. 177 pp. $26.95.Wittes 's central thesis - that the Bush administration was right to try to advance freedom...
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Has Damascus Stopped Supporting Terrorists?
On March 3, 2009, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced that she would send Jeffrey Feltman, assistant secretary of State, and Daniel Shapiro, a senior National Security Council official, to meet with Syrian president Bashar al-Assad in Damascus.1...
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Islam in America
American Crescent: A Muslim Cleric on the Power of His Faith, the Struggle against Prejudice, and the Future of Islam in America. By Imam Hassan Qazwini. New York: Random House, 2007. 284 pp. $26.95. My Year Inside Radical Islam: A Memoir. By Daveed...
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Leaderless Jihad: Terror Networks in the Twenty-First Century
Leaderless Jihad: Terror Networks in the Twenty-First Century. By Marc Sageman. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008. 200 pp. $24.95.Understanding Terror Networks (2004) by Sageman, a senior fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute,...
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Muhammad's Grave: Death Rites and the Making of Islamic Society
Muhammad's Grave: Death Rites and the Making of Islamic Society. By Leor Halevi. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007. 400 pp. $38.Western policymakers and academics often concern themselves with death in Islam only in the context of suicide terrorism....
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"Music, Chess, and Other Sins"
In the United States, Muslim communities and Islamist advocacy groups are demanding establishment and support of Arabic and Muslim schools. In New York City, controversy erupted over the charter Arabic-language Khalil Gibran International Academy after...
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States That Sponsor Terrorism
Deadly Connections: States that Sponsor Terrorism. By Daniel Byman. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. 375 pp. $30 ($18.99, paper).Until the mid-1990s, international terrorism was generally considered to be statesponsored. At one extreme, terrorist...
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Tehran's Genocidal Incitement against Israel
Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad made international headlines when on October 27, 2005, he declared in Persian that Iran would "wipe Israel off the map." Some commentators in the United States, most notably University of Michigan professor Juan...
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The Military in Politics: Is the Military Bulwark against Islamism Collapsing?
In 1975, Freedom House ranked only 25 percent of the world's countries to be "politically free." Three decades later, the proportion had increased to 46 percent, with 122 electoral democracies.1 Democracy may have taken root in Eastern Europe, East Asia,...
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The Military in Politics: Turkey's Military Is a Catalyst for Reform
Analysts generally consider military influence in politics and society to be a critical impediment to the development of democratic political and civil rights and freedoms. According to Freedom House, for example, greater military involvement in government...
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Three Cups of Tea: One Man's Mission to Promote Peace ... One School at a Time
Three Cups of Tea: One Man's Mission to Promote Peace ... One School at a Time. By Greg Mortenson and David Oliver Relin. New York: The Penguin Group, 2006 and 2007. 368 pp. $25.95 ($15, paper).One of the key characters in this marvelous book on schools...
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Unsteady Egypt: Is Egypt Stable?
by Aladdin ElaasarAs Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak enters his twenty-eighth year in power, Egypt's future is more uncertain than ever. Egyptian society is stagnant, and while Egyptians are proud of a heritage that goes back millennia, they are pessimistic...
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Unsteady Egypt: Islamizing Egyptian Education
Egypt, with more than 80 million people, is the most populous Arab country and the third largest recipient of U.S. aid after Iraq and Israel. It also purports to be a pillar of moderation - the first Arab country to establish diplomatic relations with...
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Western Sahara and the Self-Determination Debate
The dispute over Western Sahara, a sparsely-populated territory along the Atlantic coast between Morocco and Mauritania, is as much a struggle over the potency of international law as it is a row over land. The right to national self-determination, it...
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