Middle East Quarterly

A quarterly journal dedicated to contemporary Middle Eastern affairs, published by the Middle East Forum. Contains studies, interviews, commentary, and reviews covering a broad range of political, economic, social and cultural concerns. The scope includes

Articles from Vol. 17, No. 2, Spring

An Ayatollah Condemns an Unjust Ruler
Ayatollah Husayn-Ali Montazeri (1922-2009) was a Shi'i cleric of very high status, a leading figure in the 1979 Iranian revolution, and the man originally designated as the heir apparent to Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iran 's first supreme leader. Like...
Read preview Overview
Anwar Al-Awlaki: "I Pray That Allah Destroys America"
"We will implement the rule of God on earth by the tip of the sword." These words are among many coming from the pen and tongue of one of Islamic terrorism's leading proponents. Anwar al-Awlaki (Anwar Nasser Abdullah al-c Awlaqi) is not as well known...
Read preview Overview
Can Jihadis Be Rehabilitated?
As U.S. policymakers become increasingly uneasy about the fate of the remaining detainees currently held at Guantánamo Bay, greater attention is being paid to so-called jihadist rehabilitation programs that have been established abroad. Numerous governments,...
Read preview Overview
Correspondence
WESTERN SAHARATo the editor:Samuel J. Specter's article "Western Sahara and the Self -Determination Debate" (Middle East Quarterly, Summer 2009) omits a key factor concerning how the International Court of Justice came to its determination that Western...
Read preview Overview
Criminals, Militias, and Insurgents
Criminals, Militias, and Insurgents. By Phil Williams. Carlisle, Pa.: U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute, 2009. 275 pp. $30.50.Analysts describing challenges facing Iraq tend to ignore organized crime, which is unfortunate because organized...
Read preview Overview
Ferhat Mehenni
In the West since the eighteenth century, political change has often been stimulated by protest songs. In recent decades, Joan Baez made "We Shall Overcome" into the American civil rights movement's anthem. In Portugal, the singer-songwriter Zeca Afonso...
Read preview Overview
Fixing Hell, an Army Psychologist Confronts Abu Ghraib
Fixing Hell, An Army Psychologist Confronts Abu Ghraib. By Col. (ret) Lawrence James, Ph.D. New York: Grand Central Publishers, 2008. 304 pp. $24.99 ($22.78, audio).James, a U. S. Army colonel and a psychologist deployed to Abu Ghraib in the wake of...
Read preview Overview
Hala Mustafa and the Liberal Arab Predicament
Liberalism is not and has never been widespread in the Middle East. There have been moments when it seemed set to open new vistas to countries whose citizens wanted to break free from the chains of traditionalism, dictatorship, and religious obscurantism....
Read preview Overview
Hamas's Web School for Suicide Bombers
All states use education as a medium to encourage responsible behavior in their children, at least in part to develop a law-abiding, civic-minded citizenry. Authoritarian regimes have a history of distorting this trust, often turning schools into places...
Read preview Overview
How to Support the Struggle for Iran's Soul
Does Washington care about freedom in Iran? On the surface, it seems like a silly question. Ever since Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini swept to power in 1979, Washington policymakers of all political stripes have been holding out hope that a kinder, gentler...
Read preview Overview
Iraq in Transition
Iraq in Transition. By Peter J. Munson. Washington: Potomac Books, 2009. 321 pp. $35.Munson, a U.S. Marine officer with broad experience in the Middle East, synthesizes a narrative of the war in Iraq with explanations of the social, cultural, and political...
Read preview Overview
Islam in Catalonia
Musulmans a Catalunya: El repte de l'integració i la Uibertat religiosa (Muslims in Catalonia: The Challenge of Integration and Religious Freedom). By Alex Seglers GomezQuintero. Barcelona: Angle Editorial, 2004. 206 pp. euro15.90.The history of the...
Read preview Overview
Is Mousavi a Reformer?
An architect by training, Mir-Hossein Mousavi was, from the 1960s, close to the forces that created the 1979 Islamic Revolution. Imprisoned in the period leading to the revolution, he later joined Ayatollah Khomeini 's close associate, Mohammad Beheshti,...
Read preview Overview
Jihad and Genocide
Jihad and Genocide. By Richard L. Rubenstein. Lanham, Md.: RowmanandLirtlefield, 2009. 288 pp. $30.Jihad and Genocide offers a timely and important contribution to the study of Islamism, one of the most dangerous phenomena of our times. Rubenstein argues...
Read preview Overview
Jihad. Les Textes Fondateurs De I'islam Face À la Modernité
Jihad. Les textes fondateurs de l'islam face à la modernité. By JohanBourlard. Preface by MarieThérèse Urvoy. Paris: Studia Arabica VT, Editions de Paris, 2008. 194 pp. euro20.In a short, dense book, historian Bourlard provides the public with clear...
Read preview Overview
Lion of Jordan: The Life of King Hussein in War and Peace
Lion of Jordan: The Life of King Hussein in War and Peace. By Avi Shlaim. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 2008. 723 pp. $35.Shlaim, a Baghdad-born Israeli and professor of international relations at the University of Oxford, has written a substantial biography...
Read preview Overview
My Prison, My Home: One Woman's Story of Captivity in Iran
My Prison, My Home: One Woman's Story of Captivity in Iran. By HalehEsfandiari. New York: Ecco, 2009. 240 pp. $25.99.Repressive regimes rule by fear. Yet these very regimes are among the most fearful. Hence, in the paranoid mind of Iran's security apparatus,...
Read preview Overview
North Africa: Politics, Region, and the Limits of Transformation
North Africa: Politics, Region, and the Limits of Transformation. Edited by Yahia H. Zoubir and HaizamAmirah-Fernández. London and New York: Routledge,2008. 394 pp. $160 ($45.95, paper).This impressive book, edited by Zoubir, director of research in...
Read preview Overview
Political Islam, World Politics, and Europe: Democratic Politics and Euro-Islam versus Global Jihad
Political Islam, World Politics, and Europe: Democratic Politics and Euro-Islam versus Global Jihad. By Bassam Tibi. London and New York: Routledge, 2007. 3 12 pp. $170.Tibi, a leading figure in the debate over the future of Islam in Europe, is a Muslim...
Read preview Overview
Russian and Chinese Support for Tehran
Recent years have witnessed the rise of irregular but frequently intensive opposition to U.S. global preeminence by Russia and China. In their own ways, and in pursuit of their own interests, each of these authoritarian governments has established an...
Read preview Overview
The Arab Center
The Arab Center. By Marwan Muasher. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008. 3 12 pp. $30.Muasher, foreign minister of Jordan in 200204, distinguished himself as a moderate voice during a career that included stints as Jordan's first ambassador to Israel,...
Read preview Overview
The Crisis of Islamic Civilization
The Crisis of Islamic Civilization. By Ali A. Allawi. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2009. 304 pp. $27.50.Allawi, who at various times was Iraqi minister of trade, minister of defense, and minister of finance following Saddam Hussein's...
Read preview Overview
The Search for Al Qaeda: Its Leadership, Ideology, and Future
The Search for Al Qaeda: Its Leadership, Ideology, and Future. By Bruce Riedel. Washington, D.C: Brookings Institution Press, 2008. 180 pp. $26.95.Riedel, formerly a senior advisor to three U. S. presidents on Middle East and South Asian issues, argues...
Read preview Overview
Triple Cross
Triple Cross. By Peter Lance. New York: Harper Collins, 2006. 601 pp. $27.95.Lance, an investigative journalist with five Emmy awards, indicts U.S. intelligence and security sendees for incompetence and dishonesty by focusing on the saga of Ali Mohammed,...
Read preview Overview
Worldwide Trends in Honor Killings
To combat the epidemic of honor killings requires understanding what makes these murders unique. They differ from plain and psychopathic homicides, serial killings, crimes of passion, revenge killings, and domestic violence. Their motivation is different...
Read preview Overview