Mythlore

Mythlore is a magazine specializing in Literature topics.

Articles from Vol. 28, No. 3-4, Spring-Summer

C.S. Lewis's "The Meteorite" and the Importance of Context
C.S. LEWIS PUBLISHED "THE METEORITE" IN A JOURNAL IN 1946. It has been reprinted in Lewis's Poems and Collected Poems since his death. It also appeared in one of Lewis's books in 1947. The thesis of this essay can be simply stated: without the context...
"Dwarves Are Not Heroes": Antisemitism and the Dwarves in J.R.R. Tolkien's Writing
J.R.R. TOLKIEN HIMSELF COMMENTED IN HIS LETTERS AND INTERVIEWS on the similarity his invented race of Dwarves had, in his view, with the Jews: "I do think of the 'Dwarves' like Jews: at once native and alien in their habitations" and "[t]he Dwarves...
Editorial
WE BEGIN THIS ISSUE OF MYTHLORE with three papers on sources and influences. First, Marie Nelson demonstrates that Tolkien's allegorical short story, "Leaf by Niggle," owes a great debt to the medieval play Everyman as its primary spiritual ancestor,...
Fairy and Elves in Tolkien and Traditional Literature
Introduction MANY OF THE MARVELS OF TOLKIEN'S SECONDARY WORLD ARE, as expected in a legendarium sprung from his longing for a body of legends dedicated to England, motifs drawn from English traditional fairy-tales, often reinterpreted under his...
J.R.R. Tolkien's "Leaf by Niggle": An Allegory in Transformation
J.R.R. TOLKIEN'S ESSAY "ON FAIRY-STORIES," with its presentation of the essential features of the fantasy genre, and his story "Leaf by Niggle," which I intend to show is a re-telling of the story of the late fifteenth century play Everyman, were both...
Phantastical Regress: The Return of Desire and Deed in Phantastes and the Pilgrim's Regress
NEARLY ALL OF THE STUDIES THAT EXAMINE the intellectual connection between George MacDonald and C.S. Lewis quote Lewis's assertion, found in the introduction to his MacDonald anthology, that reading Phantastes "convert[ed], even [...] baptize[d][...]...
Rethinking Shylock's Tragedy: Radford's Critique of Anti-Semitism in the Merchant of Venice
ALTHOUGH THE MERCHANT OF VENICE HAS BEEN one of Shakespeare's most performed plays, until 2004, it had never been made into a major film feature during the sound era. In fact, as late as 2002, Charles Edelman could assert, "given the sensitivity of...
The Marriage of Heaven and Hell? Philip Pullman, C.S. Lewis, and the Fantasy Tradition
PHILIP PULLMAN'S HIS DARK MATERIALS (1995-2000) is one of the most innovative and thought-provoking fantasy series of the 20th century. The books won Pullman many awards and millions of devoted fans all over the world. By the author's admission the...
The Shire Quest: The 'Scouring of the Shire' as the Narrative and Thematic Focus of the Lord of the Rings
An Introduction to the Quests THE QUEST NARRATIVE OF J.R.R. TOLKIEN'S THE LORD OF THE RINGS (LotR) has been a thoroughly discussed, analyzed, and deconstructed element of Tolkien's epic novel since its first publication in 1954. Critics and essayists...
The Voice of Saruman: Wizards and Rhetoric in the Two Towers
TOLKIEN CONSIDERED HIMSELF FIRST AND FOREMOST a philologist in the primary sense of the term, a lover of words or a linguist. He often said that his chief impetus for creating Middle-earth was to provide a context for his invented Elvish languages,...
Totemic Reflexes in Tolkien's Middle-Earth
THAT J.R.R. TOLKIEN TOOK INSPIRATION FROM BEOWULF, among many other medieval works, in writing The Lord of the Rings [LotR] and his other tales of Middle-earth is well known. This has been amply documented by T.A. Shippey, among others. (1) What I...