Occupational Hazards

Reports news and information on industrial safety, occupational health, environmental control, insurance, first aid, medical care, and hazardous material control. Coverage includes legislative, regulatory, and scientific developments; how-to articles; and

Articles from Vol. 55, No. 5, May

Clinton Proposes Cuts in EPA Budget
President Bill Clinton's first federal budget, proposed Apr. 8, includes an 8 percent cut in fiscal 1994 funding for EPA. The Administration tried to downplay the significance of the cuts by counting the $915 million in environmental spending included...
Communication - the Key to Success
What is the most consistent problem that I have experienced in my career of working with industrial hygienists, safety professionals, environmental engineers, and other technical specialists? It is a persistent and serious failing of technical people...
Elevated Blood Lead Level Is an Illness
On Sept. 14, 1988, Mae Seif, an operator of a small battery assembly line at Johnson Controls' Milwaukee manufacturing facility, supplied a blood sample to the medical staff as part of the company's medical surveillance program. Her blood lead level...
Environmental Auditing: A Measure of Safety
Under growing pressure to be "green," companies are turning to self-audits of environmental programs as a way of catching potential problems -- before someone else does. When Allied-Signal ran into environmental difficulties in the mid-1970s because...
Industrial Hygiene and Community Service
Over the last decade, as the public's awareness of both workplace and environmental issues has grown, name recognition of the industrial hygiene profession has certainly improved. Still, the industrial hygienist is not as well known or accepted as the...
Leaders in the Field
For any profession to flourish, it must produce a cadre of individuals who through their knowledge, insights, force of personality, or position, are able to define that occupation's fundamental values and focus its energies on important issues. Their...
Morenci Mines Safe Production
Hazardous and mining have traditionally been synonymous, but at Phelps Dodge Morenci Inc., a new tradition is taking hold -- setting safety records. "Safety is simple. It is an attitude, a way of life. It cannot be an afterthought. You have to think...
Mr. Dear Goes to Washington (D.C.) (Joseph A. Dear) (OSHA)
As we first reported in our March issue, Joseph A. Dear appears to be President Clinton's choice to serve as assistant secretary of labor--OSHA. Dear, former director of Washington state's Dept. of Labor and Industries, recently began working as a U.S....
New OSHA Enforcement Policies Complicate Settlements of Citations
Historically, a very high percentage of OSHA citations have been settled without a trial. It has often made good business sense to settle OSHA citations to avoid the cost and burden of litigation. Other than in unusual or difficult cases such as those...
Safety and Quality at PPG Industries
The safety manager of PPG's Glass Group explains how managing safety like quality -- as a process, not a program -- has led to dramatic improvements in worker protection. In 1989, in an important initiative for safety at PPG Industries, Glass Group...
Slamming the Book on OSHA's PEL Update
In 1989, OSHA boasted that it had completed "one of its biggest worker protection acts in history." Just four years later, however, that 1989 update of 428 permissible exposure limits (PELs) in the generic air contaminants standard has turned into perhaps...
Testing the Limits of Industrial Hygiene
Workplace exposure limits are one of the industrial hygienist's most basic tools, but an increasing number of practitioners are concerned that the tool has now become a crutch. When asked what they do for a living, industrial hygienists sometimes launch...