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Parameters

Military affairs and international relations journal. Official publication of the Dept. of the Army for Army War College graduates and civilians concerned with national defense.

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 1, Spring

After Clausewitz, German Military Thinkers before the Great War
By Antulio J. Echevarria II. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2000. 360 pages. $39.95. Over the past decade a number of military historians have looked to the period between World War I and World War II as offering significant insights into...
American Patriots: The Story of Blacks in the Military from the Revolution to Desert Storm
By Gail Buckley. New York: Random House, 2001. 534 pages. $28.95. American Patriots is, as the title clearly states, a history of the participation of black Americans in the conflicts of our nation from 1770 to the present. From the outset it...
America's Asian Alliances
Edited by Robert D. Blackwill and Paul Dibb. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 2000. 143 pages. $17.95. As this generation of leadership seeks to reexamine America's established ties in Asia, this book is a useful tool. Nine distinguished...
America's Overseas Garrisons: The Leasehold Empire
By Christopher Sandars. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. 331 pages. $65.00. At the end of World War II, the hitherto isolationist and anti-colonial government of the United States possessed an extensive network of military bases around...
April 1865: The Month That Saved America
By Jay Winik. New York: HarperCollins, 2001 461 pages. $32.50. Jay Winik skillfully employs all the insights he has gained as a governmental, journalistic, and scholarly observer of modern crises of civil war and disorder to write dramatically...
Baptism, A Vietnam Memoir
By Larry Gwin. New York: Ivy Books, 1999. 353 pages. $6.99 (paper). Larry Gwin has written a stark and lucid account of close combat in Vietnam--and more. His memoir also provides a between-the-lines text that seems to say: even the best among...
Building Homeland Defense in the Dark?
To the Editor: Lieutenant Colonel Terrence Kelly makes an interesting case in his article "An Organizational Framework for Homeland Defense" (Parameters, Autumn 2001). One of his key points, however, will sadly not be realized. He states that...
China, Nuclear Weapons, and Arms Control: A Preliminary Assessment
By Robert A. Manning Ronald Montaperto, and Brad Roberts. New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 2000. 106 pages. $10.00 (paper). As co-chairs of a panel sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations, National Defense University, and the...
Combined Arms Warfare in the Twentieth Century
By Jonathan M. House. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2001, 364 pages. $45.00 ($19.95 paper). Jonathan House's Combined Arms Warfare is a revision of his earlier Research Survey No. 2, Toward Combined Arms Warfare: A Survey of 20th-Century...
Editor's Shelf
In a literary world filled with emotionalism and hyperbole, there are a few guiding stars. RAND Corporation is such a celestial body. RAND continues its excellent work in support of the defense establishment through the publication of a series of...
Empire and Revolution: The United States and the Third World since 1945
Edited by Peter L. Hahn and Mary Ann Heiss. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2001. 312 pages. $22.95 (paper). In the decade following the Cold War, it has become commonplace among many American intellectuals and in much of the scholarship...
From the Editor
In This Issue ... Colin Gray examines the character of asymmetric threats and cautions that traditional attempts to define such threats have generally been unproductive. As a consequence, he observes, "A problem with efforts to define an asymmetric...
Grant
By Jean Edward Smith New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001. 706 pages. $35.00. The latest biography of Ulysses S. Grant is an ambitious project by Jean Edward Smith. The author, a longtime political science professor at the University of Toronto...
Guide to IGOs, NGOs, and the Military in Peace and Relief Operations
By Pamela Aall, Darnel Miltenberger, and Thomas G. Weiss. Washington: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2000. 298 pp. $14.95 (paper). The recently published Guide to IGOs, NGOs, and the Military in Peace and Relief Operations, by the US...
How Effective Is Strategic Bombing? Lessons Learned from World War II to Kosovo
By Gian P. Gentile. New York: New York University Press, 2001. 280 pages. $36.00. Does one airplane, one bomb, one target represent strategic air power or tactical employment of aviation? One could argue that the Enola Gay with its atomic payload...
Identifying Potential Ethnic Conflict: Application of a Process Model
Edited b Thomas S. Szayna. Arlington, Va.: RAND Arroyo Center, 2000. 328 pages. $25.00. This is a difficult book to read and comprehend, but the model presented has merit. The best part of this book is its in-depth analysis of four case studies:...
Macedonia: End of the Beginning or Beginning of the End?
"In this part of the world it is difficult to find the true path between reason and emotion, myth and reality. This is the burden of the Balkans, which prevents us from becoming truly European." --Kiro Gligorov First President of the Republic...
Military Justice, 1863
Military justice systems often must preserve law and order under very difficult circumstances. In former times, punishments were harsh. Those who believe that little has changed should consider the following excerpt from the entry of 23 July 1863...
Military Justice in America: The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, 1775-1980
By Jonathan Lurie. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2001. 348 pages. $25.00. If only real life were as electrifying as the TV show JAG. While the lives of real Judge Advocate General (JAG) officers and judges are usually not so stimulating,...
Modern War, Modern Law, and Army Doctrine: Are We in Step for the 21st Century?
"Our first problem was with using suppressive fires against the air defense. According to standard Army procedure, we simply estimated where the enemy air defense might be, based on the terrain and the force's operating pattern. But the Defense...
New Options for Prosecuting War Criminals in Internal Armed Conflicts
Assume that instead of Australians, the US Army provided the main combat element to enter East Timor pursuant to United Nations authorization. (1) During an initial patrol, a US Army element encounters a local civilian who insists that an Indonesian...
Off the Press
Alberts, David S., et al. Understanding Information Age Warfare. Vienna, Va.: CCRP Publications, 2001. 312 pp. Andrade Dale. America's Last Vietnam Battle: Halting Hanoi's 1972 Easter Offensive. Rpt.; Lawrence: Univ. Press of Kansas, 2001. 528...
Organizing for Homeland Security
In their best-selling 1994 business text, Built to Last: Successful Habits of Visionary Companies, Professors James Collins and Jerry Porras identify common fundamental principles at the heart of the world's premier lasting corporations. (1) Similarly,...
Posse Comitatus and Nuclear Terrorism
Few constraints, if any, remain on what terrorists are capable of and willing to do. In the past decade terrorists have released sarin gas on a Tokyo subway, buried radiological materials in a Moscow park, delivered anthrax through the US mail,...
Prelude to Tragedy: Vietnam, 1960-1965
Edited by Harvey Neese and John O'Donnell. Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, 2001. 309 pages. $32.95. This book is a collection of the experiences and opinions of five American and three Vietnamese leaders who were involved in nascent counterinsurgency...
Principles of War on the Network-Centric Battlefield: Mass and Economy of Force
"Economy of Force: Allocate minimum essential combat power to secondary efforts." "Mass: Concentrate the effects of combat power at the decisive place and time." --US Army Field Manual 3-0, Operations, 2001 Mass and economy of force are...
Sherman: A Soldier's Life
By Lee Kennett New York: HarperCollins, 2001. 432 pages. $35.00. Lee Kennett's book on the life of William Tecumseh Sherman is brimming with details about Sherman's relationship with his wife, the state of his mental health at various times in...
The Moral Limits of Strategic Attack
American military operations in the post-Cold War era have been punctuated by a twofold desire for casualty avoidance. The first manifestation is a long-standing feature associated with the conduct of war: the preservation of friendly forces. The...
The USAWC'S Past and Future
To the Editor: Congratulations on publishing a superb anniversary edition of Parameters (Autumn 2001). Dr. Samuel J. Newland did a wonderful job of writing "A Centennial History of the US Army War College," which provided an insightful historical...
Thinking Asymmetrically in Times of Terror
In American common usage today, asymmetric threats are those that our political, strategic, and military cultures regard as unusual. Such threats differ significantly in character both from those that we anticipate facing from putative enemies and...
Thunder from the East: Portrait of a Rising Asia
By Nicholas D. Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000. 337 pages. $27.50. Once again Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn, the renowned New York Times foreign correspondent husband-wife team, have produced a thought-provoking...
War and Its Aftermath: New Writing on Latin America
This cluster of books on Latin America deals with war, civil-military relations, and the social aftermath of conflict. The works are literarily important, strategically significant uneven in scope, and likely to enjoy an enduring place in library...
Yanks: The Epic Story of the American Army in World War I
By John S. D. Eisenhower with Joanne Thompson Eisenhower. New York: The Free Press, 2001. 353 pages. $35.00. This latest offering by acclaimed historian John S. D. Eisenhower, with his wife Joanne Thompson Eisenhower, is a notable contribution...