Josiah Royce

Josiah Royce, 1855–1916, American philosopher, b. California, grad. Univ. of California, 1873. After studying in Germany and at Johns Hopkins, he returned to California to teach (1878–82). From 1882 until his death he was at Harvard, becoming a professor in 1892. Among his works are The Spirit of Modern Philosophy (1892), The World and the Individual (1900–1901), The Philosophy of Loyalty (1908), and Lectures on Modern Idealism (1919). Royce, thoroughly grounded in history and cognizant of scientific thought, was the foremost American idealist. He held that reality is the life of an absolute mind. We know truth beyond ourselves because we are a part of the logos, or world-mind. Science successfully depends on description, but appreciation must precede description and consequently ideals must be deeper than the mechanism of science. The natural order of the world must be also a moral order. Our ethical obligation is to the moral order and takes the form of loyalty to the great community of all individuals.

See biography by B. Kuklick (1972, repr. 1985); studies by G. Marcel (tr. 1965), P. L. Fuss (1965), T. F. Powell (1967), B. B. Singh (1973), F. M. Oppenheim (1980), and J. Clendenning (1985).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Loyalty to Loyalty: Josiah Royce and the Genuine Moral Life
Mathew A. Foust.
Fordham University Press, 2012
FREE! The Philosophy of Loyalty
Josiah Royce.
Macmillan, 1908
The Conception of Immortality
Josiah Royce.
Greenwood Press, 1968
FREE! Race Questions, Provincialism, and Other American Problems
Josiah Royce.
The Macmillan Company, 1908
FREE! Hope of the Great Community
Josiah Royce.
Macmillan, 1916
Royce's Logical Essays: Collected Logical Essays of Josiah Royce
Daniel S. Robinson; Josiah Royce; Josiah Royce.
Wm. C. Brown,, 1951
Royce's Social Infinite: The Community of Interpretation
John E. Smith.
Liberal Arts Press, 1950
Men and Movements in American Philosophy
Arthur E. Murphy.
Prentice Hall, 1952
Librarian’s tip: "Absolute Idealism: Josiah Royce" begins on p. 206
The Idealistic Argument in Recent British and American Philosophy
G. Watts Cunningham.
Century, 1933
Librarian’s tip: Chap. X "Josiah Royce (1855-1916)"
The Social Philosophy of English Idealism
A. J. M. Milne.
Allen & Unwin, 1962
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VIII "The Moral Philosophy and Metaphysics of Josiah Royce"
Time and Reality in American Philosophy
Bertrand P. Helm.
University of Massachusetts Press, 1985
Librarian’s tip: Chap. III "Royce, Eternity, and Time"
Frontiers of Consciousness: Interdisciplinary Studies in American Philosophy and Poetry
Stanley J. Scott.
Fordham University Press, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Consciousness and Meaning: Josiah Royce as Empirical Idealist and the Legacy of Charles Peirce"
Classical American Philosophy: Essential Readings and Interpretive Essays
John J. Stuhr.
Oxford University Press, 1987
Librarian’s tip: "Josiah Royce" begins on p. 178
FREE! The Sources of Religious Insight: Lectures Delivered before Lake Forest College on the Foundation of the Late William Bross
Josiah Royce.
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1912
FREE! The World and the Individual: Gifford Lectures Delivered before the University of Aberdeen. 2d Series: Nature, Man, and the Moral Order
Josiah Royce.
Macmillan, 1901
Science and Sentiment in America: Philosophical Thought from Jonathan Edwards to John Dewey
Morton White.
Oxford University Press, 1972
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "Josiah Royce: Science, Christianity, and Absolute Idealism"
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