Michael Bakunin (Mikhail Bakunin)

Bakunin, Mikhail

Mikhail Bakunin (mēkhəyēl´ bəkōō´nyĬn), 1814–76, Russian revolutionary and leading exponent of anarchism. He came from an aristocratic family but entered upon revolutionary activities as a young man. He took part (1848–49) in the revolutions in France and Saxony and was sent back to Russia and exiled to Siberia. Escaping (1861), he went to London, where he worked with Aleksandr Herzen. In 1868, Bakunin became active in the First International, where, with his militant anarchist doctrines, he had great influence. These doctrines, however, brought him into conflict with Karl Marx, and he was expelled (1872). Bakunin believed that man is inherently virtuous and deserving of absolute freedom obtained through extreme individualism. He advocated violent overthrow of existing states and institutions as a necessary step to achieving such freedom. His writings include God and the State (1882, tr. 1893).

See studies by R. B. Saltman (1983) and A. Kelly (1987).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Michael Bakunin
E. H. Carr.
Vintage Books, 1961
Portraits of Russian Personalities between Reform and Revolution
Richard Hare.
Oxford University Press, 1959
Librarian’s tip: Chap. II "An Aristocratic Anarchist: Michael Bakunin"
History of Political Ideas: Crisis and the Apocalypse of Man
David Walsh; Eric Voegelin.
University of Missouri Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Revolutionary Existence: Bakunin"
The Emancipation of Labor: A History of the First International
Henryk Katz.
Greenwood Press, 1992
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Bakunin in the International"
Revolutionary Exiles: The Russians in the First International and the Paris Commune
Woodford McClellan.
Cass, 1979
Librarian’s tip: "Bakunin in Limbo" begins on p. 127, "Bakunin in Lyon" begins on p. 140, and "The Bakuninist Surge" begins on p. 197
Nationalism and the International Labor Movement: The Idea of the Nation in Socialist and Anarchist Theory
Michael Forman.
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: "Anarchy and Federation: Bakunin" begins on p. 22
Karl Marx: The Story of His Life
Franz Mehring; Edward Fitzgerald.
University of Michigan Press, 1962
Librarian’s tip: "Bakunin's Agitation" begins on p. 402 and "The Bakuninist Opposition" begins on p. 462
Anarchism: A History of Libertarian Ideas and Movements
George Woodcock.
World Publishing, 1962
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Michael Bakunin begins on p. 145
Anarchism, Internationalism and Nationalism in Europe, 1860-1939
Levy, Carl.
The Australian Journal of Politics and History, Vol. 50, No. 3, September 2004
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Looking for a topic idea? Use Questia's Topic Generator