Miguel de Unamuno

Miguel de Unamuno (mēgĕl´ dā ōōnämōō´nō), 1864–1936, Spanish philosophical writer, of Basque descent, b. Bilbao. The chief Spanish philosopher of his time, he was professor of Greek at the Univ. of Salamanca and later rector there. His criticism of the monarchy and especially of the dictator Miguel Primo de Rivera caused his removal from the university in 1920 and his exile from Spain (1924–30), but with the establishment of the republic (1931), he was reinstated as rector. At first a supporter of the republic, he became critical of it and sided briefly (1936) with the rebels, only to rebuke them sharply just before his death. In his chief work, Del sentimiento trágico de la vida en los hombres y los pueblos (1913; Bollingen Series tr., The Tragic Sense of Life in Men and Nations, 1968), he expresses his highly individualistic philosophy—one of faith in faith itself, not in any affirmation or denial of faith. Other important volumes are La vida de don Quijote y Sancho (1905; Bollingen Series tr., Our Lord Don Quixote, 1958–59) and La Agonía del cristianismo (1925; Bollingen Series tr., The Agony of Christianity, 1973). His poetry, as serious as his essays, includes Poesías (1907), Rosario de sonetos líricos (1911), and El Cristo de Velázquez (1920). His novels also express his impassioned concern with life and death; they are Niebla (1914; tr. Mist, 1928), Tres novelas ejemplares y un prólogo (1920; tr. Three Exemplary Novels and a Prologue, 1930), and La tía Tula (1921). His complete works were published in Spanish in 1951–52.

See studies by D. Basdekis (1969), M. Nozick (1971), M. J. Valdes (1973), and V. Oumiette (1974).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Unamuno: A Philosophy of Tragedy
José Ferrater Mora; Philip Silver.
University of California Press, 1962
The Tragic Sense of Life in Men and in Peoples
Miguel De Unamuno; J. E. Crawford Flitch.
MacMillan, 1921
Perplexities and Paradoxes
Miguel Unamuno; Stuart Gross.
Philosophical Library, 1945
The Dynamics of the Absurd in the Existentialist Novel
Richard E. Baker.
Peter Lang, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Chap. II "Mist"
Studies from Ten Literatures
Ernest Augustus Boyd.
C. Scribner's Sons, 1925
Librarian’s tip: "Don Miguel de Unamuno" begins on p. 161
The Lion and the Eagle: Interdisciplinary Essays on German-Spanish Relations over the Centuries
Conrad Kent; Thomas K. Wolber; Cameron M. K. Hewitt.
Berghahn Books, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 12 "Configurations of German and Spanish Intellectual History and Aesthetics: Goethe, Novalis, Ortega y Gasset, and Unamuno" and Chap. 13 "The Fame of Miguel de Unamuno in Germany: Its Growth and Decline, 1924-1930"
Modern Spanish Dramatists: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook
Mary Parker.
Greenwood Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: "Miguel de Unamuno (1864-1936)" begins on p. 449
Organic Memory: History and the Body in the Late Nineteenth & Early Twentieth Centuries
Laura Otis.
University of Nebraska Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "Miguel de Unamuno: Viewing History through the Present Culture" begins on p. 128
The Literature of the Spanish People: From Roman Times to the Present Day
Gerald Brenan.
Cambridge University Press, 1951
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Miquel de Unamuno begins on p. 421
Maternal Instinct in Miguel De Unamuno's "Dos Madres"
Linares, Henry A.
Journal of Evolutionary Psychology, Vol. 24, No. 3-4, August 2003
Twentieth-Century Religious Thought: The Frontiers of Philosophy and Theology, 1900-1960
John MacQuarrie.
Harper & Row, 1963
Librarian’s tip: "Two Spanish Activists: M. de Unamuno, J. Ortega y Gasset" begins on p. 199
Encyclopedia of the Essay
Tracy Chevalier.
Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Unamuno, Miguel de, Spanish, 1864-1936" begins on p. 865
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