Max Horkheimer

Max Horkheimer (hôrk´hī´mər, hôr´kī´–), 1895–1973, German philosopher and sociologist. As director (1930–58) of the Institute for Social Research in Frankfurt, he played an important role in the development of critical theory and Western Marxism. In Eclipse of Reason (1947) and Dialectic of Enlightenment (1947, written with Theodor Adorno), he developed a critique of scientific positivism, whose "instrumental rationality" had become a form of domination in both capitalist and socialist countries. Against an older, deterministic Marxism, he argued that culture and consciousness are partly independent of economics, and his ideas about liberation and consumer society continue to influence contemporary empirical sociologists.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Critical Theory and Political Possibilities: Conceptions of Emancipatory Politics in the Works of Horkheimer, Adorno, Marcuse, and Habermas
Joan Alway.
Greenwood Press, 1995
The Restructuring of Social and Political Theory
Richard J. Bernstein.
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1976
Librarian’s tip: "The Critical Theory of Max Horkheimer" begins on p. 179
Critical Theory: The Essential Readings
David Ingram; Julia Simon-Ingram.
Paragon House, 1992
Librarian’s tip: Includes essays written by Max Horkheimer in multiple chapters
Critical Theory and Philosophy
David Ingram.
Paragon House, 1990
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Six "Horkheimer and Habermas on Critical Methodology and Its Rationale: A Second Look at Freud"
Twentieth-Century Continental Philosophy
Richard Kearney.
Routledge, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Critical Theory: Horkheimer, Adorno, Habermas"
Modernist Radicalism and Its Aftermath: Foundationalism and Anti-Foundationalism in Radical Social Theory
Stephen Crook.
Routledge, 1991
Librarian’s tip: "Horkheimer's 'Critical Theory'" begins on p. 78
Leaving Marxism: Studies in the Dissolution of An Ideology
Stanley Pierson.
Stanford University Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Max Horkheimer"
Tensions That Cause Wars
Hadley Cantril; Joint Center for Urban Studies.
University of Illinois Press, 1950
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "The Lessons of Fascism" by Max Horkheimer
From Neo-Marxism to Democratic Theory: Essays on the Critical Theory of Soviet-Type Societies
Andrew Arato.
M. E. Sharpe, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Max Horkheimer begins on p. 3
The Domination of Nature
William Leiss.
McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994
Culture and Critique: An Introduction to the Critical Discourses of Cultural Studies
Jere Paul Surber.
Westview Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Max Horkheimer begins on p. 129
Thought and Utopia in the Writings of Adorno, Horkheimer, and Benjamin(*)
Benzaquen, Adriana S.
Utopian Studies, Spring 1998
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Unspeakable Utopia: Art and the Return to the Theological in the Marxism of Adorno and Horkheimer
Hughes, John.
Cross Currents, Vol. 53, No. 4, Winter 2004
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Looking for a topic idea? Use Questia's Topic Generator