Jose Ortega y Gasset

Ortega y Gasset, José

José Ortega y Gasset (hōsā´ ôrtā´gä ē gäsĕt´), 1883–1955, Spanish essayist and philosopher. He studied in Germany and was influenced by neo-Kantian thought. He called his philosophy the metaphysics of vital reason, and he sought to establish the ultimate reality in which all else was rooted. In 1910 he became a professor of metaphysics at the Univ. of Madrid. In Meditaciones del Quijote (1914) and España invertebrada (1921) he compared Germanic and Mediterranean cultures. The Modern Theme (1923, tr. 1931) is one of his best philosophical books. Many of the essays in El Espectador (8 vol., 1916–34) first appeared in the Revista de Occidente, a review he founded (1923) and directed. But it was with The Revolt of the Masses (1929, tr. 1932) that Ortega gained international fame. He held that unless the masses can be directed by an intellectual minority, chaos will result. Although he supported the republic, he fled at the outbreak (1936) of the civil war, first to France and then to Argentina. After World War II he returned to Madrid, where he founded the Institute of Humanities. His other collections translated into English include Toward a Philosophy of History (1941), The Mission of the University (1944), Concord and Liberty (1946), The Dehumanization of Art (1948), Man and People (1957), and Man and Crisis (1958).

See biographies by H. Raley (1971) and F. Niedermayer (1973).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Ortega's "The Revolt of the Masses" and the Triumph of the New Man
Pedro Blas Gonzalez.
Algora, 2007
The Modern Theme
James Cleugh; Jose Ortega y Gasset.
Harper, 1961
Historical Reason
José Ortega y Gasset; Philip W. Silver.
W. W. Norton, 1984
On Love: Aspects of a Single Theme
Jose Ortega y Gasset; Toby Talbot.
Meridian Books, 1957
Ortega y Gasset, An Outline of His Philosophy
José Ferrater Mora.
Yale University Press, 1963 (Revised edition)
José Ortega y Gasset: Philosopher of European Unity
Harold C. Raley.
University of Alabama Press, 1971
Human Existence as Radical Reality: Ortega y Gasset's Philosophy of Subjectivity
Pedro Blas Gonzalez.
Paragon House, 2005
The Social Thought of Ortega y Gasset: A Systematic Synthesis in Postmodernism and Interdisciplinarity
John T. Graham.
University of Missouri Press, 2001
Human Reality and the Social World: Ortega's Philosophy of History
Oliver W. Holmes.
University of Massachusetts Press, 1975
Pastor Future? A Re-Formulation of Ortega's Question
Wilson, Janelle L.; Markle, Gerald E.
ETC.: A Review of General Semantics, Vol. 53, No. 2, Summer 1996
The Lion and the Eagle: Interdisciplinary Essays on German-Spanish Relations over the Centuries
Conrad Kent; Thomas K. Wolber; Cameron M. K. Hewitt.
Berghahn Books, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 12 "Configurations of German and Spanish Intellectual History and Aesthetics: Goethe, Novalis, Ortega y Gasset"
Philosophy in the Mid-Century: A Survey
Raymond Klibansky.
Nuova Italia, vol.4, 1959
Librarian’s tip: "Ortega y Gasset (1883-1955)" begins on p. 215
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