Frantz Fanon

Fanon, Frantz Omar

Frantz Omar Fanon (fräNts ômär´ fänôN´), 1925–61, French West Indian psychiatrist, author, revolutionary, and leader of the Algerian National Front, b. Martinique. Educated in France, he went to Algeria (1953) to practice psychiatry. Sympathetic to the Algerian revolution from its inception (1954), Fanon resigned his medical post (1956) to become editor of the Algerian National Front's newspaper. His first book, Black Skin, White Masks (1952, tr. 1967), is a psychoanalytic study of black life and the internalization of racism in a white-dominated world. In The Wretched of the Earth (1961, tr. 1963), widely considered his most important work, Fanon employed a fiery rhetoric to call for an anticolonial revolution led by the peasants of the Third World, rather than by the proletariat. According to Fanon, a new type of humanity, modern yet proud of its nonwhite heritage, would emerge from this violent struggle.

See biographies by D. Caute (1970), I. L. Gendzier (1973), and D. Macey (2001); studies by J. McCulloch (1983) and R. C. Onwuanibe (1983).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Wretched of the Earth
Frantz Fanon; Constance Farrington.
Grove Weidenfeld, 1963
Postcolonial Criticism
Bart Moore-Gilbert; Gareth Stanton; Willy Maley.
Longman, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "On National Culture" by Frantz Fanon begins on p. 73
Caliban's Reason: Introducing Afro-Carribean Philosophy
Paget Henry.
Routledge, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Frantz Fanon, African, and Afro-Caribbean Philosophy"
An Introduction to Caribbean Francophone Writing: Guadeloupe and Martinique
Sam Haigh.
Berg, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Frantz Fanon: The Routes of Writing"
Thinking Space
Mike Crang; Nigel Thrift.
Routledge, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 12 "The Troubled Spaces of Frantz Fanon"
Postcolonial Perspectives on the Cultures of Latin America and Lusophone Africa
Robin Fiddian.
Liverpool University Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Caribbean Masks: Frantz Fanon and Alejo Carpentier"
Frantz Fanon: The Platonic Form of Human Resentment
Daniels, Anthony.
New Criterion, Vol. 19, No. 9, May 2001
Working through the Contradictions: From Cultural Theory to Critical Practice
E. San Juan Jr.
Bucknell University Press, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Frantz Fanon's Dialectics"
Pan-African History: Political Figures from Africa and the Diaspora since 1787
Hakim Adi; Marika Sherwood.
Routledge, 2003
Librarian’s tip: "Frantz Fanon (1925-61)" begins on p. 64
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