Charles Sanders Peirce

Charles Sanders Peirce (pûrs), 1839–1914, American philosopher and polymath, b. Cambridge, Mass., grad. Harvard, 1859; son of Benjamin Peirce. Except for occasional lectures he renounced the regimen of academic life and was in government service with the Geodetic Survey for many years. Regarding logic as the beginning of all philosophical study, Peirce felt that the meaning of an idea was to be found in an examination of the consequences to which the idea would lead. This principle was published in 1878 in Popular Science Monthly, using the term pragmatism, which was later employed, with acknowledgment, by his friend William James.

A major thinker in a number of fields, Peirce is also recognized as the originator of the modern form of semiotics and the first American experimental psychologist. His influence is clearly seen in the works of Josiah Royce and John Dewey, but recognition of his importance was delayed because of the scarcity of published works. He had a difficult and tumultuous life, died in poverty, and left many fragmentary manuscripts. The only book published during his lifetime was Photometric Researches (1878), in which Peirce originated the technique of using light waves to measure length. His scientific interests had also led him to design an electric switching circuit computer. In all, Peirce made significant contributions to chemistry, physics, astronomy, geodesy, meteorology, engineering, cartography, psychology, philology, the history and philosophy of science and mathematics, phenomenology, and logic. After his death his major essays were edited by M. R. Cohen in Chance, Love, and Logic (1923).

Bibliography

See his collected papers (8 vol., 1931–58); selections of his letters, ed. by C. S. Hardwick (1977); biography by J. Brent (1993); studies by J. Buchler (1939, repr. 1966), M. G. Murphey (1961), A. J. Ayer (1968), J. K. Feibleman (1970), F. E. Reilly (1979), R. J. Bernstein, ed. (1965, repr. 1980), E. Freeman, ed. (1983), and J. Hoopes, ed. (1991).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Normative Thought of Charles S. Peirce
Cornelis De Waal; Krzysztof Piotr SkowroŃski.
Fordham University Press, 2012
Peirce's Philosophical Perspectives
Vincent G. Potter; Vincent M. Colapietro.
Fordham University Press, 1996
Conversations on Peirce: Reals and Ideals
Douglas R. Anderson; Carl R. Hausman.
Fordham University Press, 2012
Chance, Love, and Logic: Philosophical Essays
Charles Sanders Peirce; Morris Raphael Cohen; John Dewey.
University of Nebraska Press, 1998
Peirce on Signs: Writings on Semiotic
James Hoopes; Charles Sanders Peirce.
University of North Carolina Press, 1991
Values in a Universe of Chance: Selected Writings of Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914)
Philip P. Wiener; Charles Sanders Peirce.
Doubleday, 1958
Truth, Rationality, and Pragmatism: Themes from Peirce
Christopher Hookway.
Clarendon Press, 2002
A Peircean Reduction Thesis: The Foundations of Topological Logic
Robert W. Burch.
Texas Tech University Press, 1991
Doctrine and Experience: Essays in American Philosophy
Vincent G. Potter.
Fordham University Press, 1988
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Charles S. Peirce: Action through Thought-The Ethics of Experience"
Truth and the End of Inquiry: A Peircean Account of Truth
C. J. Misak.
Clarendon Press, 1991
The Authentication of Doctrines: Hints from C. S. Peirce
Gelpi, Donald L.
Theological Studies, Vol. 60, No. 2, June 1999
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Community Denied: The Wrong Turn of Pragmatic Liberalism
James Hoopes.
Cornell University Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Two "Peirce's Logical Communitarianism"
Looking for a topic idea? Use Questia's Topic Generator