Simone Weil

Simone Weil (sēmôn´ vīl), 1909–43, French philosopher and mystic. After receiving her baccalauréat with honors at 15, she studied philosophy for four years, then entered (1928) the prestigious École Normale Supérieure, from which she graduated in 1931. She then taught in secondary schools and contributed many articles to socialist and Communist journals. She was active in the Spanish civil war until her health failed. Born into a free-thinking Jewish family, she became strongly attracted in 1940 to Roman Catholicism, believing that Jesus on the Cross was a bridge between God and man. Most of her works, published posthumously, consist of some notebooks and a collection of religious essays. They include, in English, Waiting for God (1951), Gravity and Grace (1952), The Need for Roots (1952), Notebooks (2 vol., 1956), Oppression and Liberty (1958), and Selected Essays, 1934–1943 (1962).

See biographies by J. Cabaud (tr. 1965), R. Rees (1966), S. Petrement (tr. 1976), G. Fiori (1989), and F. du P. Gray (2001); R. Coles, Simone Weil: A Modern Pilgrimage (1987); M. G. Dietz, Between the Human and the Divine: The Political Thought of Simone Weil (1988); bibliography by J. P. Little (1973).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Simone Weil
E. W. F. Tomlin.
Yale University Press, 1954
Simone Weil as We Knew Her
J. M. Perrin; G. Thibon.
Routledge, 2003
Oppression and Liberty
Simone Weil.
Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1958
Gravity and Grace
Simone Weil; Emma Crawford; Mario von der Ruhr.
Routledge, 2002
The Need for Roots: Prelude to a Declaration of Duties towards Mankind
Simone Weil.
Routledge, 2002
Intimations of Christianity among the Ancient Greeks
Simone Weil; Elisabeth Chase Geissbuhler.
Beacon Press, 1958
Spirit, Nature, and Community: Issues in the Thought of Simone Weil
Diogenes Allen; Eric 0. Springsted.
State University of New York Press, 1994
Democratic Theory and Technological Society
Richard B. Day; Ronald Beiner; Joseph Masciulli.
M. E. Sharpe, 1988
Librarian’s tip: "Simone Weil and the Natural Ground for Technological Choice" begins on p. 280
Saints of the Impossible: Bataille, Weil, and the Politics of the Sacred
Alexander Irwin.
University of Minnesota Press, 2002
Christianity in Jewish Terms
Tikva Frymer-Kensky; David Novak; Peter Ochs; David Fox Sandmel; Michael A. Signer.
Westview Press, 2000
Devoured by God: Cannibalism, Mysticism, and Ethics in Simone Weil
Irwin, Alec.
Cross Currents, Vol. 51, No. 2, Summer 2001
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Simone Weil: A Saint for Our Time?
Becker, Jillian.
New Criterion, Vol. 20, No. 7, March 2002
The Feminist Encyclopedia of French Literature
Eva Martin Sartori; Colette H. Winn; Perry Gethner; Samia I. Spencer; Juliette Parnell-Smith; Mary Rice-DeFosse; Susan Ireland; Patrice J. Proulx.
Greenwood Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Simone Weil" p. 554
Catholic Women Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook
Mary R. Reichardt.
Greenwood Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: "Simone Weil (1909¿1943)" begins on p. 394
Encyclopedia of the Essay
Tracy Chevalier.
Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Simone Weil" p. 887
Looking for a topic idea? Use Questia's Topic Generator