Hu Shih

Hu Shih (hōō shŭr), 1891–1962, Chinese philosopher and essayist, leading liberal intellectual in the May Fourth Movement (1917–23). He studied under John Dewey at Columbia Univ., becoming a lifelong advocate of pragmatic evolutionary change. While professor of philosophy at Beijing Univ., he wrote for the iconoclastic journal New Youth (see Chen Duxiu). His most important contribution was promotion of vernacular literature to replace writing in the classical style. Hu Shih was also a leading critic and analyst of traditional Chinese culture and thought. He was ambassador to the United States (1938–42), chancellor of Beijing Univ. (1946–48), and after 1958 president of the Academia Sinica in Taiwan.

See J. B. Grieder, Hu Shih and the Chinese Renaissance (1970).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Chinese Renaissance
Hu Shih.
The University of Chicago Press, 1934
Living Philosophies
Albert Einstein; John Dewey; James Jeans; H. G. Wells; Theodore Dreiser; H. L. Mencken; James Truslow Adams; Julia Peterkin; Arthur Keith; Irving Babbitt; Beatrice Webb; Joseph Wood Krutch; Fridtjof Nansen; Lewis Mumford; Robert Andrews Millikan; Hu Shih; Hilaire Belloc; J. B. S. Haldane; George Jean Nathan; Irwin Edman; Bertrand Russell; William Ralphinge.
Simon and Schuster, 1931
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XVI "Hu Shih"
Thought Reform of the Chinese Intellectuals
Theodore H. E. Chen.
Hong Kong University Press, 1960
Librarian’s tip: "Hu Shih" begins on p. 43
Chinese Literature: A Historical Introduction
Ch'ên Shou-Yi.
Ronald Press, 1961
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Hu Shih begins on p. 631
Philosophy and Culture -- East and West: East-West Philosophy in Practical Perspective
Charles A. Moore.
University of Hawaii Press, 1962
Librarian’s tip: "Hu Shih: John Dewey in China" begins on p. 762
Twentieth Century Philosophy: Living Schools of Thought
Dagobert D. Runes.
Philosophical Library, 1947
Librarian’s tip: "Philosophies of China" beings on p. 539
Winning the Peace in the Pacific: A Chinese View of Far Eastern Postwar Plans and Requirements for a Stable Security System in the Pacific Area
S. R. Chow; Hu Shih.
The Macmillan Company, 1944
Chu Hsi: New Studies
Wing-Tsit Chan.
University of Hawaii Press, 1989
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 33 "Hu Shih and Chu Hsi"
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