Edmund Husserl

Edmund Husserl (ĕt´mŏŏnt hŏŏs´ərl), 1859–1938, German philosopher, founder of the phenomenological movement (see phenomenology). He was professor at Göttingen and Freiburg and was greatly influenced by Franz Brentano. His philosophy is a descriptive study of consciousness for the purpose of discovering the structure of experience, i.e., the laws by which experiences are had. His method was to "bracket" the data of consciousness by suspending all preconceptions, especially those drawn from the "naturalistic standpoint." Thus, objects of pure imagination are examined with the same seriousness as data taken from the objective world. Husserl concluded that consciousness has no life apart from the objects it considers. This characteristic he calls "intentionality" (object-directedness), following Brentano. In his later work, Husserl moved toward idealism and denied that objects exist outside consciousness. His chief works are Logische Untersuchungen (1900–1901) and Ideas for a Pure Phenomenology (tr. 1952).

See studies by P. Ricoeur (1967), M. Natanson (1973), J. Kockelmans, ed. (1967, repr. 1978), H. L. Dreyfus and H. Hall, ed. (1982), D. Willard (1984), and E. Levinas (1973, repr. 1985).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Shorter Logical Investigations
Edmund Husserl; J. N. Findlay; Dermot Moran.
Routledge, 2001
A Key to Husserl's Ideas I
Paul Ricoeur; Bond Harris; Jacqueline Bouchard Spurlock; Pol Vandevelde.
Marquette University Press, 1996
Husserl and Heidegger on Human Experience
Pierre Keller.
Cambridge University Press, 1999
Husserl and Frege
J. N. Mohanty.
Indiana University Press, 1982
Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Husserl and the Cartesian Meditations
A. D. Smith.
Routledge, 2003
The Subject in Question: Sartre's Critique of Husserl in the Transcendence of the Ego
Stephen Priest.
Routledge, 2000
Four Phenomenological Philosophers: Husserl, Heidegger, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty
Christopher Macann.
Routledge, 1993
Contemporary Continental Philosophy
Robert D'Amico.
Westview Press, 1999
Husserl, Heidegger, and the Space of Meaning: Paths toward Transcendetnal Phenomenology
Steven Galt Crowell.
Northwestern University Press, 2001
Time and Experience
Peter K. McInerney.
Temple University Press, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Husserl's Theory of Time: Consciousness and Time"
Phenomenological Epistemology
Henry Pietersma.
Oxford University Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Husserl"
Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth-Century Philosophy
Juliet Floyd; Sanford Shieh.
Oxford University Press, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Bolzano, Frege, and Husserl on Reference and Object" and Chap. 6 "Husserl and the Linguistic Turn"
From Kant to Davidson: Philosophy and the Idea of the Transcendental
Jeff Malpas.
Routledge, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Making Sense: Husserl's Phenomenology as Transcendental Idealism"
The Paradox of Subjectivity: The Self in the Transcendental Tradition
David Carr.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Three "Husserl: Subjectivity and Intentionality"
Toward a Phenomenological Rhetoric: Writing, Profession, and Altruism
Barbara Couture.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Developing a Phenomenological Rhetoric: Lessons from Husserl and Merleau-Ponty"
Theory-Change and the Logic of Enquiry: New Bearings in Philosophy of Science
Norris, Christopher.
The Review of Metaphysics, Vol. 53, No. 1, September 1999
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