Jacques Maritain

Jacques Maritain (zhäk märētăN´), 1882–1973, French Neo-Thomist philosopher. He was educated at the Sorbonne and the Univ. of Heidelberg and was much influenced by the philosophy of Henri Bergson. He was originally Protestant, but became a Roman Catholic through association with Léon Bloy and devoted himself to the study of Thomism and its application to all aspects of modern life. Maritain opposed what he regarded as the modern tendency to disown the proper function of reason; he valued philosophy highly and posed the "metaphysics of existence," the study of being, as the highest type of human intellectual activity. He urged Christian involvement in secular affairs, a view that greatly influenced members of the Second Vatican Council. Maritain was French ambassador to the Vatican (1945–48) and taught in France and the United States. His works include The Degrees of Knowledge (1932, tr. 1937); True Humanism (1936, tr. 1938); Art and Scholasticism (1920, tr. 1929); Man and the State (1951); On the Use of Philosophy (1961); and The Peasant of the Garonne (1966, tr. 1968).

See studies by J. W. Evans, ed. (1963) and J. W. Hanke (1973).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

True Humanism
Jacques Maritain.
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1938
Scholasticism and Politics
Jacques Maritain; Mortimer J. Adler.
Macmillan, 1940
On the Philosophy of History
Jacques Maritain; Joseph W. Evans.
Scribner, 1957
Saint Thomas and the Problem of Evil
Jacques Maritain.
Marquette University Press, 1942
A Preface to Metaphysics
Jacques Maritain.
Sheed & Ward, 1939
The Neo-Thomists
Gerald A. McCool.
Marquette University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "The Thomism of Jacques Maritain"
From Unity to Pluralism: The Internal Evolution of Thomism
Gerald A. McCool.
Fordham University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Maritain's Epistemology"
Religion and Politics in Latin America: Liberation Theology and Christian Democracy
Edward A. Lynch.
Praeger Publishers, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "Jacques Maritain and the Problem of Communism"
Christianity and Culture
J. Stanley Murphy.
Helicon Press, 1960
Librarian’s tip: "Jacques Maritain: A Prophet for Our Time" begins on p. 49
Christianity and Liberal Society
Robert Song.
Clarendon Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Jacques Maritain and the Liberal Defence of Pluralism"
To Promote, Defend, and Redeem: The Catholic Literary Revival and the Cultural Transformation of American Catholicism, 1920-1960
Arnold Sparr; Henry Warner Bowden.
Greenwood Press, 1990
Librarian’s tip: "Three Modern Catholic Thinkers: Maritain, Dawson and Michel" begins on p. 104
Political Action: The Key to Understanding Politics
George Beam; Dick Simpson.
Swallow Press, 1984
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Moral Action: Maritain and King"
Our Emergent Civilization
Ruth Nanda Anshen.
Harper, 1947
Librarian’s tip: Chap. XIV "A New Approach to God"
Art and Intellect in the Philosophy of Etienne Gilson
Francesca Aran Murphy.
University of Missouri Press, 2004
Librarian’s tip: "Maritain: Sept lecons sur l etre" begins on p. 167
The Bases of Ethics
William Sweet.
Marquette University Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Jacques Maritain and Karol Wojtyla: Approches to Modernity"
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