Max Scheler

Max Scheler (mäks shā´lər), 1874–1928, German philosopher. He taught at the universities of Jena (1901–7) and Munich (1907–10), where he was influenced by Franz Brentano and the followers of Edmund Husserl. From 1910 he concentrated on writing, but he returned to university teaching at Cologne and Frankfurt after World War I. Scheler was concerned with the permanent values in human personality and human action; this concern brought him to important work in phenomenology, which spread beyond Germany, chiefly through his influence. In his early thought, for which he is best known, Scheler taught that love is the great principle of human association, and he regarded God as the source of all love. His most basic work is Formalism in Ethics and Non-Formal Ethics of Values (2 vol., 1913–16; tr. 1973); other important works include On the Eternal in Man (1921; tr. 1960) and Man's Place in Nature (1928; tr. 1961).

See his Selected Philosophical Essays, tr. with an introd. by D. R. Lachterman (1973); biography by J. R. Staude (1967); studies by E. W. Ranly (1966), A. R. Luther (1972), and A. Deeken (1974), and J. H. Nota (1983).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Max Scheler: A Concise Introduction into the World of a Great Thinker
Manfred S. Frings.
Marquette University Press, 1996 (2nd edition)
Ressentiment
Max Scheler; Lewis B. Coser; William W. Holdheim.
Free Press of Glencoe, 1994
The Mind of Max Scheler: The First Comprehensive Guide Based on the Complete Works
Manfred S. Frings.
Marquette University Press, 1997
Scheler's Critique of Kant's Ethics
Philip Blosser.
Ohio University Press, 1995
The Individuality of Human Persons: A Study in the Ethical Personalism of Max Scheler
Crosby, John F.
The Review of Metaphysics, Vol. 52, No. 205, September 1998
Perception, Empathy, and Judgment: An Inquiry into the Preconditions of Moral Performance
Arne Johan Vetlesen.
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Scheler's Grounding of Ethics in Love"
Naturalism and Subjectivism
Marvin Farber.
Charles C. Thomas, 1959
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VIII "Max Scheler and the Spiritual Elevation of Man"
Contemporary European Philosophy
Joseph M. Bocheński; Donald Nicholl; Karl Aschenbrenner.
University of California Press, 1956
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 15 "Max Scheler"
Essays on the Sociology of Knowledge
Karl Mannheim; Paul Kecskemeti.
Oxford University Press, 1952
Librarian’s tip: "Sociology of Knowledge from the Standpoint of Modern Phenomenology (Max Scheler)" begins on p. 154
The Domination of Nature
William Leiss.
McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Includes information on Max Scheler in Chap. 5 "Science and Domination"
Between Man and Man
Martin Buber; Ronald Gregor-Smith.
Routledge, 2002
Librarian’s tip: "The Doctrine of Max Scheler" begins on p. 215
Head and Heart: Affection, Cognition, Volition as Triune Consciousness
Andrew Tallon.
Fordham University Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Includes information on Max Scheler in Chap. 5 "Value Affective Consciousness"
Feminists Rethink the Self
Diana Tietjens Meyers.
Westview Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Eight "Sympathy and Solidarity: On a Tightrope with Scheler"
Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Philosophers
Stuart Brown; Diané Collinson; Robert Wilkinson.
Routledge, 1996
Librarian’s tip: "Max Scheler" begins on p. 700
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