Novalis (Friederich von Hardenberg)

Novalis (nōvä´lĬs), pseud. of Friederich von Hardenberg (frē´drĬkh fən här´dənbĕrk), 1772–1801, German poet. He studied philosophy under Schiller, Schlegel, and Fichte and was especially influenced by Fichte. He later studied geology. Novalis was one of the great German romantics; his chief work was the novel Heinrich von Ofterdingen (1802), unfinished at the time of his early death from tuberculosis. It tells the story of a legendary minnesinger, whose wanderings and search for a "blue flower" became symbols of German romantic poetry. Novalis's grief at the death (1797) of his young love, Sophie von Kühn, found expression in a volume of beautiful and deeply religious lyrics, Hymns to the Night (1800; tr. 1889, 1948). Christendom or Europe (1826, tr. 1844) is an exposition of his Roman Catholicism.

See studies by B. Haywood (1959), J. Neubauer (1971), and J. Neuberger (1980).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Literature & Religion: Pascal, Gryphius, Lessing, Holderlin, Novalis, Kierkegaard, Dostoyevsky, Kafka
Walter Jens; Hans Küng; Peter Heinegg.
Paragon House, 1991
Aesthetics and Subjectivity: From Kant to Nietzsche
Andrew Bowie.
Manchester University Press, 2003 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Reflections on the Subject: Fichte, Holderlin, and Novalis"
German Philosophy, 1760-1860: The Legacy of Idealism
Terry Pinkard.
Cambridge University Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "The 1790s after Fichte: The Romantic Appropriation of Kant (I): Holderlin, Novalis, Schleiermacher, Schlegel"
Enlightenment, Revolution, and Romanticism: The Genesis of Modern German Political Thought, 1790-1800
Frederick C. Beiser.
Harvard University Press, 1992
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "The Political Theory of Novalis"
The Political Thought of the German Romantics, 1793-1815
H. S. Reiss.
Blackwell, 1955
Librarian’s tip: Chap. III "Novalis (1772-1801)"
Medusa's Mirror: Studies in German Literature
August Closs.
Cresset Press, 1957
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VII "Novalis"
A Jungian Approach to Literature
Bettina L. Knapp.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1984
Librarian’s tip: "Novalis (1772-1801): Hymns to the Night - A Regressus ad Uterum" begins on p. 160
On Emerson and Other Essays
Maurice Maeterlinck; Montrose J. Moses.
Core Collection Books, 1978
Librarian’s tip: "Novalis" begins on p. 53
The Emergence of Romanticism
Nicholas V. Riasanovsky.
Oxford University Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Novalis begins on p. 41
The Experience of the Foreign: Culture and Translation in Romantic Germany
Antoine Berman; S. Heyvaert.
State University of New York Press, 1992
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Novalis begins on p. 103
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