International Trade Commission (ITC)

International Trade Commission, United States

United States International Trade Commission, independent agency of the U.S. government established in 1916 as the Tariff Commission; renamed International Trade Commission in 1975. It is charged with serving the president and Congress as an advisory, fact-finding agency on tariff, commercial-policy, and foreign-trade problems. Earlier tariff agencies had a definite policy of protection; the 1916 commission was considered the first truly unbiased agency. Recent legislation, such as the Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988, empowers the commission not only to investigate the effects of imports on competing domestic industry, but to direct imports to be excluded if it finds producers engaging in unfair trade or in violation of patent or copyright law. The president may terminate commission orders for policy reasons. On request, the commission's findings are made available to the president or the congressional committees concerned with trade. The commission advises on the possible effects of pending trade agreements or tariff legislation as well. The U.S. Trade Commission consists of six members appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate for nine-year terms, not more than three to be of the same political party and the chairman and vice chairman to be of different parties.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Judicial Review of International Trade Commission Determinations from October 1990 to September 1992
Nalls, Charles H.; Thompson, George W.; Shapiro, Joel; Zissis, Kristina.
Law and Policy in International Business, Vol. 25, No. 1, Fall 1993
Seeking Common Ground: Canada-U.S. Trade Dispute Settlement Policies in the Nineties
Andrew D. M. Anderson.
Westview Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: "The ITA and the ITC" begins on p. 35
Infringement of the United States Patent Right: A Guide for Executives and Attorneys
Richard T. Holzmann.
Quorum Books, 1995
Librarian’s tip: "International Trade Commission" begins on p. 206
In Need of Enlightenment: The International Trade Commission's Misguided Analysis in Sunset Reviews
King, Jennifer Karen.
William and Mary Law Review, Vol. 43, No. 5, April 2002
Court of International Trade Deference to International Trade Commission and International Trade Administration Antidumping Determinations: An Empirical Look
Ondeck, Thomas P.; Lawrence, Michael A.
Law and Policy in International Business, Vol. 25, No. 1, Fall 1993
Bifurcation without Dedication: The United States International Trade Commission and the Question of Petitioner Standing in Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Cases
Madaj, Edwin J.; Nalls, Charles H.
Law and Policy in International Business, Vol. 22, No. 4, Fall 1991
The Legal and Economic Aspects of Gray Market Goods
Seth E. Lipner.
Quorum Books, 1990
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "State Laws, the International Trade Commission, and Foreign Laws"
The Fate of Section 337 Litigation after the Uruguay Round Agreements Act
Schwartz, Bryan A.
Law and Policy in International Business, Vol. 27, No. 1, Fall 1995
East Asia - Regional Economic Integration and Implications for the United States
Pierson, Mary Y.
Law and Policy in International Business, Vol. 25, No. 3, Spring 1994
North American Free Trade: Issues and Recommendations
Gary Clyde Hufbauer; Jeffrey J. Schott.
Institute for International Economics, 1992
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of the International Trade Commission (ITC) in multiple chapters
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