Rehnquist Supreme Court

Rehnquist, William Hubbs

William Hubbs Rehnquist (rĕn´kwĬst), 1924–2005, American public official, 16th chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1986–2005), b. Milwaukee, Wis., as William Donald Rehnquist. After receiving his law degree from Stanford Univ. in 1952, he served (1952–53) as law clerk to Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson. The following year he went to Phoenix, where he practiced law and became involved in conservative Republican politics. He was (1968–71) an assistant U.S. attorney general, heading the office of legal counsel in the Dept. of Justice before being named (1971) an associate justice of the Supreme Court by President Nixon. Generally regarded as one of the more conservative members of the late 20th cent. Supreme Court, Rehnquist became known as an advocate of law and order, writing several opinions reversing the liberal trend of the Earl Warren court in criminal cases. He was named chief justice in 1986 by President Reagan, succeeding Warren Burger. The Rehnquist court was generally conservative, but the conservatism of the chief justice and the more ideological Justices Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas was tempered beginning in the late 1990s by the emergence of a judicially restrained bloc of justices including Sandra Day O'Connor, David Souter, and Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

See biography by J. A. Jenkins (2012).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Morality Imposed: The Rehnquist Court and Liberty in America
Stephen E. Gottlieb.
New York University Press, 2000
The Rehnquist Court and the Constitution
Tinsley E. Yarbrough.
Oxford University Press, 2000
We Dissent: Talking Back to the Rehnquist Court : Eight Cases That Subverted Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Michael Avery.
New York University Press, 2009
The Rehnquist Court: In Pursuit of Judicial Conservatism
Stanley H. Friedelbaum.
Greenwood Press, 1994
The Myth of Conservative Supreme Court: The October 2000 Term
Graglia, Lino.
Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 26, No. 1, Winter 2003
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Federal Sentencing Guidelines and the Rehnquist Court: Theories of Statutory Interpretation
Spiro, Rebecca L.
American Criminal Law Review, Vol. 37, No. 1, Winter 2000
Abortion and American Politics
Barbara Hinkson Craig; David M. O'Brien.
Chatham House, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "The Tide Turns: The Rehnquist Court and Webster v. Reproductive Health Services" and Chap. 10 "Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, the Rehnquist Court, and American Politics"
The American Political Process
Alan Grant.
Routledge, 2003 (7th edition)
Librarian’s tip: "The Rehnquist Court since 1986" begins on p. 150
The Decline and Fall of the Supreme Court: Living out the Nightmares of the Federalists
Christopher C. Faille.
Praeger Publishers, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "The Making of the Rehnquist Court" and Chap. 12 "The Meaning of the Rehnquist Court"
Justices and Presidents: A Political History of Appointments to the Supreme Court
Henry J. Abraham.
Oxford University Press, 1992 (3rd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 12 "The Rehnquist Court: Reagan and Bush 1986"
The Justices of the United States Supreme Court: Their Lives and Major Opinions
Leon Friedman; Fred L. Israel.
Chelsea House, vol.5, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of the justices on the Rehnquist Supreme Court
Justice Antonin Scalia and the Supreme Court's Conservative Moment
Christopher E. Smith.
Praeger Publishers, 1993
Justice O'Connor's Dilemma: The Baseline Question
Sherry, Suzanna.
William and Mary Law Review, Vol. 39, No. 3, February 1998
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