James F. Byrnes

Byrnes, James Francis

James Francis Byrnes, 1879–1972, American public official, Secretary of State (1945–47), governor of South Carolina (1951–55), b. Charleston, S.C. He studied law while working (1900–1908) as a court reporter, owned and edited a newspaper in Aiken, S. C., and represented (1911–25) South Carolina in the House. As Senator (1931–41), Byrnes, a Southern Democrat, became budgetary expert for the New Deal. He served as an associate justice of the Supreme Court (1941–42), but resigned and became director of economic stabilization (1942) and later (1943) director of war mobilization. As Secretary of State he tried to mend postwar differences with the USSR. He later became extremely anti-Soviet. An opponent of racial integration, he was elected governor of South Carolina, and opposed further federal centralization.

See his Speaking Frankly (1947) and All in One Lifetime (1958); K. A. Clements, James F. Byrnes and the Origins of the Cold War (1982).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Sly and Able: A Political Biography of James F. Byrnes
David Robertson.
W. W. Norton, 1994
The Justices of the United States Supreme Court: Their Lives and Major Opinions
Leon Friedman; Fred L. Israel.
Chelsea House, vol.4, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Includes "James F. Byrnes"
American Statesmen: Secretaries of State from John Jay to Colin Powell
Edward S. Mihalkanin.
Greenwood Press, 2004
Librarian’s tip: "James F. Byrnes (1879-1972)" begins on p. 88
The South Is Another Land: Essays on the Twentieth-Century South
Bruce Clayton; John A. Salmond.
Greenwood Press, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "The 'Unrewarding Stone': James F. Byrnes and the Burden of Race, 1908-1944"
James F. Byrnes and the Politics of Segregation
.
The Historian, Vol. 56, No. 4, Summer 1994
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