Ruth Bader Ginsburg

Ginsburg, Ruth (Joan) Bader

Ruth (Joan) Bader Ginsburg, 1933–, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1993–), b. Brooklyn, N.Y. A graduate (1954) of Cornell, she attended Harvard Law School, then transferred to Columbia Law School, graduating in 1959. She clerked in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, taught at Rutgers Law School (1963–72), and became (1972) the first woman tenured professor at Columbia. During the 1970s, as general counsel for the American Civil Liberties Union's Women's Rights Project, she argued a series of cases before the Supreme Court that strengthened constitutional safeguards of sexual equality; she has been called the "Thurgood Marshall of women's rights." In 1980 President Carter appointed her to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, where she displayed a belief in judicial restraint and took a position between sharply defined liberal and conservative factions. Nominated to the Supreme Court by President Clinton in 1993 to replace Byron White, Ginsburg has continued to act as a centrist, eschewing judicial activism.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Justices of the United States Supreme Court: Their Lives and Major Opinions
Leon Friedman; Fred L. Israel.
Chelsea House, vol.5, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Includes "Ruth Bader Ginsburg"
Supreme Court Appointments: Judge Bork and the Politicization of Senate Confirmations
Norman Vieira; Leonard Gross.
Southern Illinois University Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 18 "The New Nominees: Ginsburg and Kennedy" and Chap. 22 "Judge Ginsburg: A Democrat Faces the Confirmation Process"
Affirmative Action as an International Human Rights Dialogue
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader.
Brookings Review, Vol. 18, No. 1, Winter 2000
Significant Contemporary American Feminists: A Biographical Sourcebook
Jennifer Scanlon.
Greenwood Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1933-)" begins on p. 118
The Women's Liberation Movement in America
Kathleen C. Berkeley.
Greenwood Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1933-)" begins on p. 124
Historical Encyclopedia of U.S. Independent Counsel Investigations
Gerald S. Greenberg.
Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Ginsburg, Ruth Bader (1933-)" begins on p. 143
A Heterodox Catechism
Campos, Paul F.
Constitutional Commentary, Vol. 11, No. 1, Winter 1994
Restrained Optimism over Ruth Ginsburg
Denniston, Lyle.
American Journalism Review, Vol. 15, No. 7, September 1993
Re-Viewing History: The Use of the Past as Negative Precedent in United States V. Virginia
Widiss, Deborah A.
The Yale Law Journal, October 1998
Courting Justice: Gay Men and Lesbians v. the Supreme Court
Joyce Murdoch; Deb Price.
Basic Books, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Ruth Bader Ginsburg begins on p. 419
The Rehnquist Court and the Constitution
Tinsley E. Yarbrough.
Oxford University Press, 2000
The Rehnquist Court: In Pursuit of Judicial Conservatism
Stanley H. Friedelbaum.
Greenwood Press, 1994
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