Adolescent Psychology

adolescence

adolescence, time of life from onset of puberty to full adulthood. The exact period of adolescence, which varies from person to person, falls approximately between the ages 12 and 20 and encompasses both physiological and psychological changes. Physiological changes lead to sexual maturity and usually occur during the first several years of the period. This process of physical changes is known as puberty, and it generally takes place in girls between the ages of 8 and 14, and boys between the ages of 9 and 16. In puberty, the pituitary gland increases its production of gonadotropins, which in turn stimulate the production of predominantly estrogen in girls, and predominantly testosterone in boys. Estrogen and testosterone are responsible for breast development, hair growth on the face and body, and deepening voice. These physical changes signal a range of psychological changes, which manifest themselves throughout adolescence, varying significantly from person to person and from one culture to another. Psychological changes generally include questioning of identity and achievement of an appropriate sex role; movement toward personal independence; and social changes in which, for a time, the most important factor is peer group relations. Adolescence in Western societies tends to be a period of rebellion against adult authority figures, often parents or school officials, in the search for personal identity. Many psychologists regard adolescence as a byproduct of social pressures specific to given societies, not as a unique period of biological turmoil. In fact, the classification of a period of life as "adolescence" is a relatively recent development in many Western societies, one that is not recognized as a distinct phase of life in many other cultures.

See T. Hine, The Rise and Fall of the American Teenager (1999).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Handbook of Clinical Child Psychology
C. Eugene Walker; Michael C. Roberts.
John Wiley & Sons, 2001 (3rd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Section Five "Problems of Adolescence"
Childhood and Adolescence: Cross-Cultural Perspectives and Applications
Uwe P. Gielen; Jaipaul Roopnarine.
Praeger, 2004
Personality and Psychological Well-Being of Adolescents: The Moderating Role of Emotional Intelligence
Salami, Samuel O.
Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, Vol. 39, No. 6, July 1, 2011
Psychological Well-Being in Adolescence: The Contribution of Interpersonal Relations and Experience of Being Alone
Corsano, Paola; Majorano, Marinella; Champretavy, Lorella.
Adolescence, Vol. 41, No. 162, Summer 2006
Adolescent Depression and Risk Factors
Field, Tiffany; Diego, Miguel; Sanders, Christopher.
Adolescence, Vol. 36, No. 143, Fall 2001
Presence in Relationship: A New Construct for Understanding Adolescent Friendships and Psychological Health
Chu, Judy Y.; Way, Niobe.
Thymos, Vol. 3, No. 1, Spring 2009
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Adolescent Egocentrism: A Contemporary View
Schwartz, Paul D.; Maynard, Amanda M.; Uzelac, Sarah M.
Adolescence, Vol. 43, No. 171, Fall 2008
Developmental Psychology of Adolescent Girls: Conflicts and Identity Issues
Powell, Katherine C.
Education, Vol. 125, No. 1, Fall 2004
Breaking through to Teens: A New Psychotherapy for the New Adolescence
Ron Taffel.
Guilford Press, 2005
Adolescent Psychological Development: Rationality, Morality, and Identity
David Moshman.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1999
Evolutionary Principles of Human Adolescence
Glenn E. Weisfeld.
Basic Books, 1999
Identity in Adolescence: The Balance between Self and Other
Jane Kroger.
Routledge, 2004 (3rd edition)
Youth Aggression and Violence: A Psychological Approach
Thomas G. Moeller.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2001
Youth Violence and Positive Psychology: Research Potential through Integration
Tweed, Roger G.; Bhatt, Gira; Dooley, Stephen; Spindler, Andrea; Douglas, Kevin S.; Viljoen, Jodi L.
Canadian Psychology, Vol. 52, No. 2, May 2011
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Advances in Psychotherapy for Children and Adolescents with Eating Disorders
Lock, James; Fitzpatrick, Kathleen Kara.
American Journal of Psychotherapy, Vol. 63, No. 4, October 1, 2009
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Deliberate Self-Harm in Adolescence
Claudine Fox; Keith Hawton.
Jessica Kingsley, 2004
Children and Behavioural Problems: Anxiety, Aggression, Depression and ADHD -- A Biopsychological Model with Guidelines for Diagnostics and Treatment
Martine F. Delfos.
Jessica Kingsley, 2004
The Psychological World of Adolescence: A Comparative Evaluation between Rural and Urban Girls
Dhoundiyal, Manju; Venkatesh, Renuka.
Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, Vol. 31, No. 1, January-June 2009
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Handbook of Pediatric Psychology
Michael C. Roberts.
Guilford Press, 2005
The California School of Professional Psychology Handbook of Juvenile Forensic Psychology
Neil G. Ribner.
Jossey-Bass, 2002
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