12-Step Programs

Alcoholics Anonymous

Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), worldwide organization dedicated to the treatment of alcoholics; founded 1935 by two alcoholics, one a New York broker, the other an Ohio physician. They developed a 12-step program that has made coping with alcoholism possible for countless people. It includes psychological principles that have long been used in the reorganization of personality. The organization functions through local groups that have no constitutions, officers, or dues. Anyone with a drinking problem may become a member. There are presently over 99,000 local groups in the United States; worldwide membership is approximately 2 million. Other groups patterned on AA include Narcotics Anonymous, Overeaters Anonymous, and Gamblers Anonymous.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Clinician's Guide to 12-Step Programs: How, When, and Why to Refer a Client
Jan Parker; Diana L. Guest.
Auburn House, 1999
The Soul of Recovery: Uncovering the Spiritual Dimension in the Treatment of Addictions
Christopher D. Ringwald.
Oxford University Press, 2002
Clinical Work with Substance-Abusing Clients
Shulamith Lala Ashenberg Straussner.
Guilford Press, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "12-Step Programs as a Treatment Modality"
The Selfish Brain: Learning from Addiction
Robert L. Dupont.
American Psychiatric Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Twelve-Step Programs: A Modern Miracle"
The Role of Mutual-Help Groups in Extending the Framework of Treatment
Kelly, John F.; Yeterian, Julie D.
Alcohol Research, Vol. 33, No. 4, Winter 2011
Alcoholics Anonymous Discourse and Members' Resistance in a Virtual Community: Exploring Tensions between Theory and Practice
Kitchin, Heather A.
Contemporary Drug Problems, Vol. 29, No. 4, Winter 2002
The Paradox of Powerlessness: Gender, Sex, and Power in 12-Step Groups
Herndon, Sandra L.
Women and Language, Vol. 24, No. 2, Fall 2001
Is Alcoholics Anonymous Effective?
Sharma, Manoj; Branscum, Paul.
Journal of Alcohol & Drug Education, Vol. 54, No. 3, December 2010
Twelve-Step Recovery and Community Service
Kurtz, Linda Farris; Fisher, Michael.
Health and Social Work, Vol. 28, No. 2, May 2003
Cultural Politics and Social Movements
Marcy Darnovsky; Barbara Epstein; Richard Flacks.
Temple University Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "The Twelve-Step Movement and Advanced Capitalist Culture: The Politics of Self-Control in Postmodernity"
Gender Aspects of Affiliation with Alcoholics Anonymous after Treatment
Bodin, Maria.
Contemporary Drug Problems, Vol. 33, No. 1, Spring 2006
Spirituality and the Secular Quest
Peter H. Van Ness.
Crossroad Publishing, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Twelve-Step Programs"
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