Jean Piaget

Jean Piaget (zhäNpyä´jā), 1896–1980, Swiss psychologist, known for his research in developmental psychology. After receiving a degree in zoology from the Univ. of Neuchâtel (1918), Piaget's interests shifted to psychology. He studied under C. G. Jung and Eugen Bleuler in Zürich, and then in Paris at the Sorbonne. There, he worked with Alfred Binet in the administration of intelligence tests to children. In reviewing the tests, Piaget became interested in the types of mistakes children of various ages were likely to make. After returning to Switzerland in 1921, Piaget began to study intensively the reasoning processes of children at various ages. In 1929, he became professor of child psychology at the Univ. of Geneva, where he remained until his death, also serving as professor of psychology at the Univ. of Lausanne (1937–54). Piaget theorized that cognitive development proceeds in four genetically determined stages that always follow the same sequential order. Although best known for his groundbreaking work in developmental psychology, Piaget wrote on a number of other topics as well. Influenced by the French anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss, Piaget's Structuralism (1970) focused on the applications of dialectics and structuralism in the behavioral sciences. He also attempted a synthesis of physics, biology, psychology, and epistemology, published as Biology and Knowledge (1971). A prolific writer, Piaget's writings also include The Child's Conception of the World (tr. 1929), The Moral Judgment of the Child (tr. 1932), The Language and Thought of the Child (tr. of 3d ed. 1962), Genetic Epistemology (tr. 1970), and The Development of Thought (tr. 1977).

See studies by H. Gardner (1973, repr. 1981), G. Butterworth (1982), S. Sugarman (1987), and M. Chapman (1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Critical Readings on Piaget
Leslie Smith.
Routledge, 1996
Jean Piaget: The Man and His Ideas
Richard I. Evans; Eleanor Duckworth.
E. P. Dutton, 1973
Piaget, Or, the Advance of Knowledge
Jacques Montangero; Danielle Maurice-Naville; Angela Cornu-Wells.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997
The Essential Piaget
Howard E. Gruber; J. Jacques Vonèche; Jean Piaget.
Basic Books, 1977
Educational Psychology: A Century of Contributions
Barry J. Zimmerman; Dale H. Schunk.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Jean Piaget, Learning, Research, and American Education"
Developmental Psychology of Jean Piaget
John H. Flavell.
D. Van Nostrand, 1963
Conceptual Development: Piaget's Legacy
Ellin Kofsky Scholnick; Katherine Nelson; Susan A. Gelman; Patricia H. Miller.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1999
Piaget's Theory: Prospects and Possibilities
Harry Beilin; Peter Pufall.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1992
Seven Pioneers of Psychology: Behaviour and Mind
Ray Fuller.
Routledge, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Jean Piaget"
The Origins of Intellect: Piaget's Theory
John L. Phillips Jr.
W. H. Freeman, 1969
New Directions in Piagetian Theory and Practice
Irving E. Sigel; David M. Brodzinsky; Roberta M. Golinkoff.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1981
The Psychology of the Child
Jean Piaget; Bärbel Inhelder; Helen Weaver.
Basic Books, 1969
The Child's Conception of the World
Jean Piaget; Joan Tomlinson; Andrew Tomlinson.
Littlefield, Adams, 1960
The Origins of Intelligence in Children
Jean Piaget; Margaret Cook.
International Universities Press, 1952
The Psychology of Intelligence
Jean Piaget; Malcolm Piercy; D. E. Berlyne.
Routledge, 2001
The Moral Judgment of the Child
Jean Piaget.
Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1932
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