Bulimia

eating disorders

eating disorders, in psychology, disorders in eating patterns that comprise four categories: anorexia nervosa, bulimia, rumination disorder, and pica. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by self-starvation to avoid obesity. People with this disorder believe they are overweight, even when their bodies become grotesquely distorted by malnourishment. Bulimia is characterized by massive food binges followed by self-induced vomiting or use of diuretics and laxatives to avoid weight gain. Some anorexic patients combine bulimic purges with their starvation routine. These disorders generally afflict women—particularly in adolescence and young adulthood—and are much less common among men. Some researchers believe that anorexia and bulimia are caused by chemical imbalances in the brain; one study has linked bulimia to deprivation of tryptophan, an amino acid used by the body to make the neurotransmitter serotonin. Others contend that these disorders are rooted in societal ideals that value slenderness. Rumination disorder generally occurs during infancy, and involves repeated regurgitation accompanied by low body weight. Infants suffering from rumination disorder may re-ingest the regurgitated food. Pica, also found primarily among infants, is characterized by eating various non-nutritive substances like plaster, paint, or leaves. Obesity is not generally considered an eating disorder, since its causes tend to be physiological.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Handbook of Eating Disorders
Janet Treasure; Ulrike Schmidt; Eric Van Furth.
John Wiley & Sons, 2003 (2nd edition)
Anorexia and Bulimia in the Family: One Parent's Practical Guide to Recovery
Grá Inne Smith.
John Wiley & Sons, 2004
A Systemic Treatment of Bulimia Nervosa: Women in Transition
Carole Kayrooz.
Jessica Kingsley, 2001
Uncontrollable Behavior or Mental Illness? Exploring Constructions of Bulimia Using Q Methodology
Churruca, Kate; Perz, Janette; Ussher, Jane M.
Journal of Eating Disorders, Vol. 2, July 29, 2014
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Comorbidity of Bulimia Nervosa and Substance Abuse: Etiologies, Treatment Issues, and Treatment Approaches
Carbaugh, Rebecca J.; Sias, Shari M.
Journal of Mental Health Counseling, Vol. 32, No. 2, April 2010
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Bulimia and Dissociation: A Developmental Perspective
Cowan, Eric; Heselmeyer, Rebecca.
Journal of Mental Health Counseling, Vol. 33, No. 2, April 2011
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Stress, Spiritual Coping, and Bulimia: Feeling Punished by God/Higher Power
Buser, Juleen K.
Journal of Mental Health Counseling, Vol. 35, No. 2, April 2013
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Body Image, Binge Eating, and Bulimia Nervosa in Male Bodybuilders
Goldfield, Gary S.; Blouin, Arthur G.; Woodside, D. Blake.
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 51, No. 3, March 2006
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Effects of Using Imagery to Modify Core Emotional Beliefs in Bulimia Nervosa: An Experimental Pilot Study
Cooper, Myra J.; Todd, Gillian; Turner, Hannah.
Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, Vol. 21, No. 2, July 1, 2007
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Factors Driving Anorexia, Bulimia Are Complex: About Two-Thirds of Eating Disorder Patients Have Comorbid Diagnosis of Anxiety or Depression
Evans, Jeff.
Clinical Psychiatry News, Vol. 34, No. 12, December 2006
Am I Thin Enough Yet? The Cult of Thinness and the Commercialization of Identity
Sharlene Hesse-Biber.
Oxford University Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "From Disorderly Eating to Eating Disorder: The Cultural Context of Anorexia and Bulimia"
Contemporary Rorschach Interpretation
J. Reid Meloy; Marvin W. Acklin; Carl B. Gacono; James F. Murray; Charles A. Peterson.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "A Psychotic and Bulimic Female Adolescent" and Chap. 20 "Bulimia as a Neurotic Symptom: A Rorschach Study"
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