Eating Disorders

eating disorders, in psychology, disorders in eating patterns that comprise four categories: anorexia nervosa, bulimia, rumination disorder, and pica. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by self-starvation to avoid obesity. People with this disorder believe they are overweight, even when their bodies become grotesquely distorted by malnourishment. Bulimia is characterized by massive food binges followed by self-induced vomiting or use of diuretics and laxatives to avoid weight gain. Some anorexic patients combine bulimic purges with their starvation routine. These disorders generally afflict women—particularly in adolescence and young adulthood—and are much less common among men. Some researchers believe that anorexia and bulimia are caused by chemical imbalances in the brain; one study has linked bulimia to deprivation of tryptophan, an amino acid used by the body to make the neurotransmitter serotonin. Others contend that these disorders are rooted in societal ideals that value slenderness. Rumination disorder generally occurs during infancy, and involves repeated regurgitation accompanied by low body weight. Infants suffering from rumination disorder may re-ingest the regurgitated food. Pica, also found primarily among infants, is characterized by eating various non-nutritive substances like plaster, paint, or leaves. Obesity is not generally considered an eating disorder, since its causes tend to be physiological.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Handbook of Eating Disorders
Janet Treasure; Ulrike Schmidt; Eric Van Furth.
John Wiley & Sons, 2003 (2nd edition)
Eating Disorders and Obesity: A Comprehensive Handbook
Christopher G. Fairburn; Kelly D. Brownell.
Guilford Press, 2005 (2nd edition)
Assessment of Eating Disorders
James E. Mitchell; Carol B. Peterson.
Guilford Press, 2005
Eating Disorders: A Reference Sourcebook
Raymond Lemberg; Leigh Cohn.
Oryx, 1999
The Psychology of Eating and Drinking
A. W. Logue.
Brunner-Routledge, 2004 (3rd edition)
Self-Harm Behavior and Eating Disorders: Dynamics, Assessment, and Treatment
John L. Levitt; Randy A. Sansone; Leigh Cohn.
Brunner-Routledge, 2004
Abnormal and Clinical Psychology: An Introductory Textbook
Paul Bennett.
Open University Press, 2006 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 12 "Eating Disorders"
Biological Psychiatry
Hugo D'Haenen; J.A. Den Boer; P. Willner.
Wiley, vol.2, 2002
Librarian’s tip: Chap XIII "Eating Disorders"
Eating Disorders and Cultures in Transition
Mervat Nasser; Melanie A. Katzman; Richard A. Gordon.
Brunner-Routledge, 2001
Management of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa: An Evidence-Based Review
Chakraborty, Kaustav; Basu, Debasish.
Indian Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 52, No. 2, April-June 2010
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Outpatient Treatment of Eating Disorders: A Guide for Therapists, Dietitians, and Physicians
James E. Mitchell.
University of Minnesota Press, 2001
Advances in Psychotherapy for Children and Adolescents with Eating Disorders
Lock, James; Fitzpatrick, Kathleen Kara.
American Journal of Psychotherapy, Vol. 63, No. 4, October 1, 2009
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Drawing from Within: Using Art to Treat Eating Disorders
Lisa D. Hinz.
Jessica Kingsley, 2006
Fed Up: Women and Food in America
Catherine Manton.
Bergin & Garvey, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Disturbed Eating"
Starving for Salvation: The Spiritual Dimensions of Eating Problems among American Girls and Women
Michelle Mary Lelwica.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia: How to Help
Marilyn Duker; Roger Slade.
Open University Press, 2002
Preventing Eating Disorders among Pre-Teen Girls: A Step-By-Step Guide
Beverly Neu Menassa.
Praeger, 2004
Looking for a topic idea? Use Questia's Topic Generator