Edward Lee Thorndike

Edward Lee Thorndike (thôrn´dīk), 1874–1949, American educator and psychologist, b. Williamsburg, Mass., grad. Wesleyan Univ., 1895, and Harvard, 1896, Ph.D. Columbia, 1898. Appointed instructor in genetic psychology at Teachers College, Columbia, in 1899, he served there until 1940 (as professor from 1904 and as director of the division of psychology of the Institute of Educational Research from 1922). His great contributions to educational psychology were largely in the methods he devised to test and measure children's intelligence and their ability to learn. He conducted studies in animal psychology and the psychology of learning, and compiled dictionaries for children (1935) and for young adults (1941). The great number of his writings includes Educational Psychology (1903), Mental and Social Measurements (1904), Animal Intelligence (1911), A Teacher's Word Book (1921), Your City (1939), and Human Nature and the Social Order (1940).

See biography by G. M. Joncich (1968).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

FREE! Education: A First Book
Edward L. Thorndike.
Macmillan, 1912
Human Learning
Richard M. Elliott; Edward L. Thorndike.
Century, 1931
FREE! Individuality
Henry Suzzallo; Edward L. Thorndike.
Houghton Mifflin, 1911
Educational Psychology: A Century of Contributions
Barry J. Zimmerman; Dale H. Schunk.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "E. L. Thorndike's Enduring Contributions to Educational Psychology"
Fifty Major Thinkers on Education: From Confucius to Dewey
Joy A. Palmer; Liora Bresler; David E. Cooper.
Routledge, 2001
Librarian’s tip: "E. L. Thorndike 1874-1949" begins on p. 233
Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide
Barbara Ruth Peltzman.
Greenwood Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: "Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949)" begins on p. 117
From S-R to S-O-R: What Every Teacher Should Know
White, William F.
Education, Vol. 113, No. 4, Summer 1993
Temporarily FREE! Topics in the History of Psychology
Gregory A. Kimble; Kurt Schlesinger.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, vol.1, 1985
Librarian’s tip: "Pavlov, Thorndike, and Ebbinghaus" begins on p. 13
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