Erich Fromm

Erich Fromm (ĕr´Ĭkh frōm, frŏm), 1900–1980, psychoanalyst and author, b. Frankfurt, Germany, Ph.D. Univ. of Heidelberg, 1922. From 1929 to 1932 he lectured at the Psychoanalytic Institute, Frankfurt, and at the Univ. of Frankfurt. He came to the United States in 1934, where he practiced psychoanalysis and lectured at various institutions, including the International Institute for Social Research (1934–39), Columbia Univ. (1940–41), the American Institute for Psychoanalysis (1941–42), and Yale (1949–50). He served on the faculty of Bennington College (1941–50). He went on to teach at the National Univ. of Mexico (1951), at Michigan State Univ. (1957), and at New York Univ. (1961). Breaking from the Freudian psychoanalytic tradition which focused largely on unconscious motivations, Fromm held that humans are products of the cultures in which they are bred. In modern, industrial societies, he maintained, they have become estranged from themselves. These feelings of isolation resulted in an unconscious desire for unity with others. Fromm's works include Escape from Freedom (1941), The Sane Society (1955), The Art of Loving (1956), Sigmund Freud's Mission (1958), May Man Prevail? (1973), and To Have or to Be (1976).

See biographical studies by D. Hausdorff (1972), G. Knapp (1989), and L. J. Friedman (2013); R. I. Evans, Dialogue with Erich Fromm (1966, repr. 1981).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Escape from Authority: The Perspectives of Erich Fromm
John H. Schaar.
Basic Books, 1961
The Dogma of Christ: And Other Essays on Religion, Psychology and Culture
Erich Fromm.
Routledge, 2004
May Man Prevail? An Inquiry into the Facts and Fictions of Foreign Policy
Erich Fromm.
Doubleday, 1961
An Introduction to Theories of Personality
Robert B. Ewen.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2003 (6th edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Erich Fromm: The Escape from Freedom"
Generative Man: Psychoanalytic Perspectives
Don S. Browning.
Westminster Press, 1973
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Erich Fromm: The Productive Personality and the Coming of the Messianic Time"
Perception, Empathy, and Judgment: An Inquiry into the Preconditions of Moral Performance
Arne Johan Vetlesen.
Pennsylvania State University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "Fromm's Theory of Destructiveness" begins on p. 242
Leaving the Cave: Evolutionary Naturalism in Social-Scientific Thought
Pat Duffy Hutcheon.
Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Twenty "Erich Fromm and Humanistic Psychology"
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