John B. Watson

Watson, John Broadus

John Broadus Watson, 1878–1958, American psychologist, b. Greenville, S.C. He taught (1903–8) at the Univ. of Chicago and was professor and director (1908–20) of the psychological laboratory at Johns Hopkins. Watson emphasized the study of observable behavior, rejecting introspection and theories of the unconscious mind. He originated the school of psychology known as behaviorism, in which behavior is described in terms of physiological responses to stimuli. Watson's work influenced B. F. Skinner in his groundbreaking studies of operant conditioning, and had a major impact on the development of behavior therapy. His writings include Psychology from the Standpoint of a Behaviorist (1919, repr. 1983), Behaviorism (1925, repr. 1970), and Psychological Care of Infant and Child (1928, repr. 1972).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

FREE! Psychology: From the Standpoint of a Behaviorist
John B. Watson.
J. B. Lippincott, 1919
Psychologies of 1925: Powell Lectures in Psychological Theory
Madison Bentley; Knight Dunlap; Walter S. Hunter; Kurt Koffka; Wolfgang Köhler; William McDougall; Morton Prince; John B. Watson; Robert S. Woodworth; Carl Murchison.
Clark University Press, 1928 (3rd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. I "What the Nursery Has to Say about Instincts" by John B. Watson, Chap. II "Experimental Studies on the Growth of the Emotions" by John B. Watson, and Chap. III "Recent Experiments on How We Lose and Change Our Emotional Equipment" by John B. Watso
The Unconscious, a Symposium
Ethel S. Dummer; Illinois Society for Mental Hygiene.
A.A. Knopf, 1928
Librarian’s tip: Chap. IV "The Unconscious of the Behaviorist" by John B. Watson
Readings in Public Opinion: Its Formation and Control
W. Brooke Graves.
D. Appleton, 1928
Librarian’s tip: "The Explanation of Behaviorists" by John B. Watson begins on p. 39
Behaviorism
Moore, J.
The Psychological Record, Vol. 61, No. 3, Summer 2011
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Approaches to Psychology
William E. Glassman; Marilyn Hadad.
Open University Press, 2004
Librarian’s tip: "John B. Watson" begins on p. 103
Lives in Education: A Narrative of People and Ideas
L. Glenn Smith; Joan K. Smith.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1994 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: "John B. Watson (1878-1958)" begins on p. 365
The Explanation of Human Behaviour
F. V. Smith.
Constable, 1951
Librarian’s tip: Chap. IX "The Behaviourism of John B. Watson"
Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology
Gregory A. Kimble; Michael Wertheimer; Charlotte White.
American Psychological Association, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 12 "Perspectives on John B. Watson"
Contemporary Schools of Psychology
Robert S. Woodworth.
Ronald Press, 1948 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Watsonian Behaviorism" begins on p. 68
Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: A Historical and Biographical Sourcebook
Donald Moss.
Greenwood Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "John B. Watson: Behaviorism as an Ideology of Science" begins on p. 16
Topics in the History of Psychology
Gregory A. Kimble; Kurt Schlesinger.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, vol.1, 1985
Librarian’s tip: "Watson" begins on p. 33 and "John B. Watson" begins on p. 265
Historical Perspectives and the International Status of Comparative Psychology
Ethel Tobach; International Society for Comparative Psychology Conference 1983, Toronto, Ont.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Theories of Mental Evolution in Comparative Psychology: Darwin to Watson"
Psychological and Biological Approaches to Emotion
Nancy L. Stein; Bennett Leventhal; Tom Trabasso.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1990
Librarian’s tip: "The Controversy surrounding Watson's Theory of Innate Emotions" begins on p. 248
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